Encyclopedia Astronautica
Lockheed RTTOCV



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Lockheed RTTOCV
Credit: NASA
American manned spaceplane. Study 1963. In 1962 NASA funded studies with several contractors on Operations and Logistics for Space Stations.

Lockheed proposed a two-stage winged vehicle based on a 1958 contract conducted together with Hughes under a classified Air Force program. The booster would be vertically launched but land horizontally at conventional airfields.

In June 1962, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center awarded an 18-month contract worth $428,000 to Lockheed for studying a "Reusable Ten-Ton Orbital Carrier Vehicle." The goal was to develop a ten-passenger HTHL TSTO spaceplane that "should be compatible with the philosophy used in the development of supersonic commercial jet aircraft and should offer a potential commercial application in the late 1970s, such as operating the vehicle over global distances for surface-to-surface transport of cargo and personnel." Lockheed's initial HTHL TSTO spaceplane concept from 1963 was an outgrowth of an earlier classified USAF study begun in 1958 with Hughes. The fully reusable orbiter of the later study would have been carried by a sled-launched booster rocket rocketplane.

Characteristics

Crew Size: 1.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Lockheed RTTOCV American sled-launched winged orbital launch vehicle. Lockheed's HTHL TSTO spaceplane concept from 1963, an outgrowth of an earlier USAF study with Hughes. The fully reusable orbiter would have been carried by a sled-launched booster rocket rocketplane. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Lockheed American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Lockheed Martin, Sunnyvale, CA, USA. More...

Bibliography
  • Jenkins, Dennis R,, Space Shuttle: The History of the National Space Transportation System : The First 100 Missions, Third edition, Voyageur Press, 2001.

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