Encyclopedia Astronautica
Soyuz TM SA


Russian manned spacecraft module. 34 launches, 1986.05.21 (Soyuz TM-1) to 2002.04.25 (Soyuz TM-34). Significantly improved Soyuz re-entry capsule, based on development done in Soyuz 7K-S program. Accommodation for crew of three in spacesuits. Reentry capsule.

Digital computer operates spacecraft. In-line periscope, covers on portholes that jettison after re-entry, enlarged touchdown rockets, improved parachute, high-rate telemetry system. Crew limits were 164 to 184 cm height, 94 cm sitting height, and 56 to 85 kg mass.

Crew Size: 2. Habitable Volume: 3.50 m3. Crew: 255 kg (562 lb). RCS Coarse No x Thrust: 6 X 98 N. RCS Propellants: 40 kg (88 lb).

AKA: Spuskaemiy apparat.
Gross mass: 2,850 kg (6,280 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 2,805 kg (6,183 lb).
Payload: 1,355 kg (2,987 lb).
Height: 2.24 m (7.34 ft).
Diameter: 2.17 m (7.11 ft).

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Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Soyuz TM Russian manned spacecraft. 34 launches, 1986.05.21 (Soyuz TM-1) to 2002.04.25 (Soyuz TM-34). More...

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