Encyclopedia Astronautica
Berenice



berenice.jpg
Berenice
Berenice was Onera's successor to the Antares re-entry vehicle test booster. It was nearly double the mass of Antares.

The first two stages lofted the vehicle to a 270 km altitude. The expended second stage, stabilized by an aerodynamic fins remained attached to the upper stages until an altitude of 55 km was reached. Then the second stage was jettisoned, the third stage fired, and the test RV was accelerated to a speed of Mach 12 at 20 km altitude. The 4 stage vehicle consisting of 4 x SEPR P167(4 X 34 kN) stabilisation rockets around + 1 x Stromboli SEPR 739 + 1 x SEPR 740 + 1 x Tramontane + 1 x Melanie

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Berenice French sounding rocket. Berenice was Onera's successor to the Antares re-entry vehicle test booster. It was nearly double the mass of Antares. More...
  • Berenice Satmos French orbital launch vehicle. In April 1963, ONERA proposed using a modified Berenice suborbtial test vehicle to place a small 3.5 kg satellite ('Satmos') into a 250 x 1800 km orbit. They claimed this booster could be ready in 1964, one year before Diamant. However the given the marginal growth potential of such a design, the government decided to stick with Diamant. More...
  • Tacite French sounding rocket. Single stage sounding rocket using a single Stromboli SEPR 739-2 stage with 'Plastoline' propellant. Stabilisation was by four fins and a nitrogen cold-gas spin thrusters. More...
  • Titus French sounding rocket. Sounding rocket derived from the first two stages of the Berenice test vehicle. The two stage vehicle consisted of 4 x SEPR P167 stabilisation rockets around a Stromboli 739 first stage, topped by a stretched Stromboli SEPR 740-3 second stage with four fins. The launches were made from Chaco in collaboration with the Argentinian agency CNIE. More...
  • Tibere French test vehicle. Tibere was an atmospheric re-entry test vehicle derived from the earlier Berenice. Development was authorized in 1965 to support the Electre re-entry experiment program. The first two stages were Stromboli motors of identical length. The third stage was the P.064 motor developed for the Diamant orbital launcher. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Ile du Levant In October 1950 a military missile test site was established at the French naval base on the Ile du Levant, an offshore island in the Mediterranean near Toulon. This was named CERES (Special Weapons Research and Tests Center) in 1952 and replaced a beach site at Pampelone used for ad-hoc launches since 1948. In 1968 it was expanded to include the La Renardiere site on Pont ST Mandrier and renamed CEM (Mediterranean Test Center). La Renardiere had been used in 1945 for testing the first French liquid propelled rocket, the EA 41. Ile du Levant was known to have been used for at least 111 launches from 1956 to 1969, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Biscarosse In April 1962 France signed the final agreements with Algeria, requiring them to evacuate their rocket test ranged there by July 1967. Three months later a site on French soil on the Bay of Biscay, at Landes, near Biscarosse, was selected. The site would allow the testing of missiles over the Atlantic out to a range of 3000 km. This would put the RV impact area near the Azores, and a tracking station was opened in October 1966 on Flores island. More...
  • Las Palmas Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 2 launches in 1966, reaching up to 274 kilometers altitude. More...

Berenice Chronology


1962 June 27 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 001.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 Q3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 003.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 July 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 002.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 004.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1963 June 27 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 005.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 006.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 008.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 007.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 009.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1964 October 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 010.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 011.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 June 15 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tacite. LV Configuration: Tacite TACITE 01.
  • Infrared Horizon Study Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Berenice. LV Configuration: Berenice 012.
  • Titus test / solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 November 12 - . Launch Site: Las Palmas. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Titus. LV Configuration: Titus 001.
  • FU-150 A Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 274 km (170 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Las Palmas. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Titus. LV Configuration: Titus 002.
  • FU-150 B Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1967 November 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tacite. LV Configuration: Tacite 002. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-169 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1968 May 15 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tacite. LV Configuration: Tacite TACITE 02.
  • Earth infrared Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1968 October 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tacite. LV Configuration: Tacite 004.
  • Sun pointing test / solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 February 23 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1972 March 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

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