Encyclopedia Astronautica
Jericho



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First Israeli ballistic missile. Developed by Dassualt in France as the MD-620. Test series included both one and two stage prototypes. Follow-on versions were said to have differed.

Dassault had opened a missile division in St Cloud on 15 September 1957. In 1962, the French government asked Dassault to develop a ballistic missile on behalf of Israel. The result was the MD 620 Jericho ballistic missile, designed to carry a warhead of a still-classified mass over a range of 500 km. The first test of a single-stage version of the missile took place on 1 February 1 1965 from Ile du Levant. Tests of the two-stage version began on 16 March 1966. The MD 620 was France's first ballistic missile with an airborne digital computer. This program was cancelled in January 1969 following France's weapon embargo on Israel. Dassault achieved valuable experience on the project, becoming familiar with aerodynamic and thermodynamic phenomena at speeds of up to Mach 6, and ballistic missile steering and inertial guidance technology.

The first stage (presumably a solid propellant booster) had a length of 4.05 m and a weight of 1,950 kg, and the second stage (presumably liquid fuelled) had a length of 5.0 m and a weight of 4,100 kg. The payload assembly had a length of 4.35 m and a weight of 650 kg.'

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Jericho First Israeli ballistic missile. Developed by Dassualt in France as the MD-620. Test series included both one and two stage prototypes. Follow-on versions were said to have differed. More...
  • Jericho 2 Israeli intermediate range ballistic missile. Tactical ballistic missile. Probably corresponds to first two stages of Shavit launch vehicle. More...
  • Jericho 1 Israeli short range ballistic missile. Follow-on version differed from original French-derived Jericho. Probably used a single 4500 kg solid-propellant motor. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Ile du Levant In October 1950 a military missile test site was established at the French naval base on the Ile du Levant, an offshore island in the Mediterranean near Toulon. This was named CERES (Special Weapons Research and Tests Center) in 1952 and replaced a beach site at Pampelone used for ad-hoc launches since 1948. In 1968 it was expanded to include the La Renardiere site on Pont ST Mandrier and renamed CEM (Mediterranean Test Center). La Renardiere had been used in 1945 for testing the first French liquid propelled rocket, the EA 41. Ile du Levant was known to have been used for at least 111 launches from 1956 to 1969, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Palmachim Israeli coastal missile test site from which the Shavit satellite launch vehicle is also launched. A due-west launch over the Mediterranean is required to avoid overflying Arab countries, resulting in unique orbital inclinations and directions.

    The site was known to have been used for 40 launches from 1987 to 2007. More...

  • Negev Military testing range, known to have been used for 3 launches from 1990 to 2000, reaching up to 100 kilometers altitude. More...

Jericho Chronology


1965 February 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Tir 1 test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: First launch of prototype single-stage MD.620..

1965 December 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 March 16 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Bietage test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: First launch of two-stage version of MD.620..

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 September 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho.
  • - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Final test launch of Jericho/MD.620 from France. Full French military embargo of Israel took effect in January 1969 after an Israeli raid on Beirut in December 1968..

1987 May 1 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1988 January 1 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 2.
  • - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1989 September 14 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1990 December 21 - . Launch Site: Negev. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 October 30 - . Launch Site: Negev. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1994 September 15 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 2. LV Configuration: Jericho II 3?. FAILURE: Failure.
  • 'Ofeq? - . Nation: Israel. Agency: ISA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2000 April 6 - . Launch Site: Negev. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2001 June 27 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Jericho 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

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