Encyclopedia Astronautica
Payload Specialist Astronaut


Astronauts trained for spaceflight but for only support of a specific payload on a single space mission.

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Associated People
  • Stevenson Stevenson, Robert Everett (1921-2001) American oceanographer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1984. More...
  • Skantze Skantze, Lawrence Albert (1928-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1985. More...
  • Philips, Robert Philips, Dr Robert Ward (1929-) American physician payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1991. More...
  • van den Berg van den Berg, Dr Lodewijk (1932-) Dutch-American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-B. More...
  • Garn Garn, Edwin Jacob 'Jake' (1932-) American senator payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-D. More...
  • Simon Simon, Dr George Warren (1934-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1978-1985. More...
  • Money Money, Kenneth Eric (1935-) Canadian physiologist payload specialist astronaut, 1983-1992. More...
  • Young, Lawrence Young, Lawrence Retman (1935-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1991-1993. More...
  • Acton Acton, Dr Loren Wilber (1936-) American solar physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-F. More...
  • Aldridge Aldridge, Edward Cleveland Jr 'Pete' (1938-) American politician payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986. More...
  • Prinz Prinz, Dr Dianne Kasnic (1938-2002) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1978-1985. More...
  • Hoernig Hoernig, Otto William Jr (1938-) British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. More...
  • Wang Wang, Dr Taylor Gun-Jin (1940-) Chinese-American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-B. More...
  • Crouch Crouch, Dr Roger Keith (1940-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-83, STS-94. More...
  • Furrer Furrer, Dr Reinhard Alfred (1940-1995) Austrian physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A. Died in an airplance crash. More...
  • Rossitto Rossitto, Franco (1940-) Italian physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. More...
  • Lampton Lampton, Dr Michael Logan (1941-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1978-1990. More...
  • Frimout Frimout, Dirk Dries David Damian (1941-) Belgian engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-45. First Belgian astronaut. More...
  • Merbold Merbold, Dr Ulf Dietrich (1941-) German physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-9, STS-42, Mir Euromir 94. More...
  • Boyle Boyle, Anthony Hugh (1941-) British-American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1984. More...
  • Nelson, Bill Nelson, Clarens William Jr 'Bill' (1942-) American congressman payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-C. More...
  • Boesen Boesen, Dennis Lee 'Denny' (1942-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1987-1990. More...
  • Magilton Magilton, Gerard Edward 'Jerry' (1942-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986. Worked with RCA Astro Electronics Division. Backup for Robert Cenker (STS-61C). Program manager for on-orbit performance, Martin Marietta Astro Space in Princeton, New Jersey. More...
  • Williams, Bill Williams, Bill Alvin (1942-) American physiologist payload specialist astronaut, 1983-1985. More...
  • Longhurst Longhurst, Peter Hervey (1943-2010) British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of science in electrical engineering from the Royal Navy Engineering College, Plymouth, 1966. Commander, Royal Navy. Later became a farmer in Somerset, England. More...
  • Chappell Chappell, Charles Richard (1943-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1992. More...
  • Durrance Durrance, Dr Samuel Thornton 'Sam' (1943-) American geophysicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-35, STS-67. More...
  • Nair Nair, Paramaswaren Radhakrishnan (1943-) Indian physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986. More...
  • Batalli-Cosmovici Batalli Cosmovici, Cristiano (1943-) Italian physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1989-1992. More...
  • Prahl Prahl, Dr Joseph Markel (1943-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1992. Assigned as backup for STS-50. Professor of Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. More...
  • Scully-Power Scully-Power, Paul Desmond (1944-) Australian-American geophysicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-G. More...
  • Jarvis Jarvis, Gregory Bruce (1944-1986) American engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-L. Died in Challenger accident. More...
  • Bartoe Bartoe, Dr John David Francis (1944-) American astrophysicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-F. More...
  • Messerschmid Messerschmid, Dr Ernst Willi (1945-) German physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A. More...
  • Bondar Bondar, Roberta Lynn (1945-) Canadian physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-42. Neurologist. First Canadian female astronaut. IML-1 payload specialist. More...
  • Hughes-Fulford Hughes-Fulford, Dr Millie Elizabeth (1945-) American biologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-40. Biochemist. US Army More...
  • Johnston Johnston, Mary Helen (1945-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1983-1985. More...
  • Nordsieck Nordsieck, Dr Kenneth Hugh (1946-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1990. More...
  • Baudry Baudry, Patrick Pierre Roger (1946-) French pilot cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G. Transferred to NASA Payload Specialist. Flight on STS-18, 1985. French Air Force Transferred to NASA as a Payload Specialist. More...
  • Ockels Ockels, Dr Wubbo Johannes (1946-) Dutch physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A. First Dutch astronaut. More...
  • Gaffney Gaffney, Dr Francis Andrew 'Drew' (1946-) American physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-40. More...
  • Malerba Malerba, Franco Egidio (1946-) Italian biologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-46. First Italian astronaut. ESA; STS-46 Mission TSS-1. More...
  • Clegg Clegg, Robert Henry (1946-) American geophysicist payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1992. More...
  • Lorenzoni Lorenzoni, Andrea (1946-) Italian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Colonel, Italian Air Force. Payload specialist for the Italian TSS-Project. International Space Station Program manager for Node 2, Italian Space Agency (ASI). More...
  • Farrimond Farrimond, Richard Alfred (1947-) British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. More...
  • Bailey Bailey, Palmer Kent (1947-) American geologist payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1992. More...
  • Bhat Bhat, Nagapathi Chidambar (1948-) Indian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986. More...
  • Lichtenberg Lichtenberg, Dr Byron Kurt (1948-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-9, STS-45. Flew 138 combat missions in Vietnam. More...
  • Walker Walker, Charles David (1948-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-D, STS-51-D, STS-61-B. More...
  • McAuliffe McAuliffe, Sharon Christa Corrigan (1948-1986) American teacher payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-L. Was to have been the first teacher in space. Died in Challenger accident. More...
  • Cenker Cenker, Robert Joseph Jr (1948-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-C. More...
  • Al-Bassam Al-Bassam, Abdul Moshin Hamad (1948-) Saudi Air Force pilot, alternate payload specialist to Al-Saud for STS-51G in April 1985. Graduated from King Faisal Air Academy, Riyadh. RSAF attache at the Saudi embassy in London. More...
  • Aufderhaar Aufderhaar, Grant Clifford (1948-) American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986. More...
  • Butterworth Butterworth, Louis William (1948-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. More...
  • Townsend Townsend, Ronald Dean (1948-) American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986. More...
  • Konrad Konrad, John Harrison (1949-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1988. Systems engineer and fluid mechanics specialist at Hughes Aircraft. More...
  • Favier Favier, Dr Jean-Jacques (1949-) French materials scientist cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78. More...
  • Sacco Sacco, Dr Albert Jr 'Al' (1949-) American chemical engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-73. More...
  • Wood, Nigel Wood, Nigel Richard (1949-) British engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. More...
  • Bechis Bechis, Kenneth Paul (1949-) American astrophysicist payload specialist astronaut, 1987-1990. More...
  • Lewis Lewis, Fred Parker Jr (1949-) American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1985. More...
  • Holmes Holmes, Christopher John Nicholas (1950-) British physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of Science in physics from the Queen Mary College, London, 1972. Physicist. Selected in 1984 for the British Skynet-Program. British National Space Center, London. More...
  • DeLucas DeLucas, Dr Lawrence James 'Larry' (1950-) American physiologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-50. More...
  • Trinh Trinh, Dr Eugene Huu-Chau 'Gene' (1950-) Vietnamese-American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-50. More...
  • Peralta y Fabi Peralta y Fabi, Ricardo (1950-) Mexican engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1985. Research scientist at National University in Mexico City. Selected as backup for STS-61B, but mission cancelled after Challenger disaster. More...
  • Akbar Akbar, Taufik (1951-) Indonesian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986. More...
  • Kadenyuk Kadenyuk, Leonid Konstantinovich (1951-) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-87. Longest wait for a spaceflight after becoming an astronaut - 21 years. Soyuz cosmonaut 1976-1983; Spiral pilot 1983-1987; Buran pilot, 1987-1989, NASA PS, 1996. More...
  • Parise Parise, Dr Ronald Anthony 'Ron' (1951-2008) American astronomer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-35, STS-67. More...
  • Viso Viso, Michel Yves (1951-) French biologist payload specialist astronaut, cosmonaut, 1985-1998. Doctorate of veterinary medicine from " l'Ecole Veterinaire de Maison-Alfort ", 1975. Worked for CNES in Paris, in coordination of spaceflight activities. More...
  • Leslie Leslie, Dr Fred Weldon (1951-) American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-73. More...
  • Neri, Vela Neri Vela, Rodolfo (1952-) Mexican engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-B. First Mexican astronaut. More...
  • Mukai Mukai, Chiaki (1952-) Japanese physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-65, STS-95. Surgeon, first Japanese female astronaut. More...
  • Sudarmono, Pratiwi Sudarmono, Pratiwi Pujilestari (1952-) Indonesian biologist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1985. Microbiologist. Later research scientist at the University of Dyakarta. Advisor for Bandung Institute of Technology. More...
  • Hennen Hennen, Thomas John 'Tom' (1952-) American photointerpreter payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-44. US Army. Grew up in Columbus, Ohio, son of an Air Force officer. More...
  • Anderson, Lloyd Anderson, Lloyd Lynn Jr (1952-) American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut, 1988-1989. More...
  • Thirsk Thirsk, Dr Robert Brent (1953-) Canadian physician mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78,ISS EO-20. More...
  • Koszelak Koszelak, Stanley Norbert Jr (1953-) American biologist payload specialist astronaut, 1989-1992. More...
  • Weaver Weaver, Carol Lynn Belt (1953-) American meteorologist payload specialist astronaut, 1988-1989. More...
  • Walter Walter, Dr Ulrich Hans (1954-) German physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-55. More...
  • Ramon Ramon, Ilan (1954-2003) Jewish-Israeli pilot payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-107. First Israeli astronaut. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry. More...
  • Hawker Hawker, John Edward 'Hawk' (1954-) American photointerpreter payload specialist astronaut, 1988-1991. Chief Warrant Officer CW3, US-Army; graduated from Rotary Wing Flight School; in 1988 selected for TERRA SCOUT - US Army Project; retired from USA on 1994.04.01. More...
  • Mayo Mayo, Itzhak (1954-) Jewish-Israeli pilot payload specialist astronaut, 1997-2000. More...
  • Taccino Taccino, Roberto Maria (1955-) Italian physician payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1993. Professor. Selected by the Italian Space Agency (ASI) as one of the five Italian astronaut candidates for a European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut selection. More...
  • Bruemmer Bruemmer, Renate Luise (1955-) Swiss engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1987-1993. Meterologist. More...
  • Buckey Buckey, Jay Clark Jr (1956-) American physician payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-90. Active Paylaod Specialist Trainee for Shuttle STS-90 Neurolab Mission;he had been Alternate Payload Specialist for STS-58 Mission SLS-2. More...
  • Al-Saud Al-Saud, Sultan Salman Abdel-aziz (1956-) Saudi prince, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-G. First Arab in space. More...
  • Fettman Fettman, Dr Martin Joseph (1956-) Jewish-American veterinarian payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-58. More...
  • Wood, Robert Wood, Robert Jackson (1957-2009) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986. More...
  • Linteris Linteris, Dr Gregory Thomas (1957-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-83, STS-94. More...
  • Belt Belt, Michael Eugene (1957-) American photointerpreter payload specialist astronaut, 1988-1991. More...
  • Hoffpauir Hoffpauir, Michael Edward (1957-) American Army geologist payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1992. More...
  • Ronney Ronney, Paul David (1957-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1996-1997. Alternate Payload Specialist for STS-83 Mission MSL-1. More...
  • Urbani Urbani, Luca (1957-) Italian physician payload specialist astronaut, 1995-1996. Alternate Payload Specialist for STS-78 Mission LMS-1. Italian Air Force. More...
  • Ongaro Ongaro, Franco (1958-) Italian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1993. More...
  • Kuipers Kuipers, Andre (1958-) Dutch engineer cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS Delta. More...
  • Matthiesen Matthiesen, Dr David Henry (1958-) American materials scientist payload specialist astronaut, 1994-1995. More...
  • Patat Patat, Frederic (1958-) French physician payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1998. Degree in Acoustic Physics from the University of Paris (1981). Ph.D. in engineering (1984). Doctorate of medicine, 1991. Worked at the medical faculty of the University of Tours. More...
  • Holt Holt, Dr Ray Glynn (1959-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1994-1995. More...
  • Vangen Vangen, Scott Duane (1959-) American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1993-1995. More...
  • Walpot Walpot, Heike (1960-) German physician payload specialist astronaut, 1987-1993. More...
  • Dunlap Dunlap, Dr Alexander William (1960-) American physician payload specialist astronaut, 1996-1998. Candidate specialist for STS-90 Neurolab. More...
  • Pawelczyk Pawelczyk, James Anthony 'Jim' (1960-) American physiologist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-90. Candidate Payload Specialist for STS-90 Neurolab. More...
  • McKay, Michael McKay, Michael John (1963-) Canadian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1992-1995. More...
  • Pustovyi Pustovyi, Dr Yaroslav Ihorovych 'Yarko' (1970-) Ukrainian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1996-2005. Ukraine Air Force. More...
  • Carvalho, Benoliel Carvalho Benoliel, Jose Augusto Brazilian geologist mission specialist astronaut, 1998-1998. Captain, Brazilian Air Force. Candidate from Brazil as a NASA Mission Specialist. At the time of his selection 41 years old. Mission later cancelled. More...
  • Golfetto Golfetto, Wander Almodovar Brazilian pilot mp candidate, 1998-1998. More...
  • Louzada Louzada, Mozart Marques Brazilian pilot mission specialist candidate, 1998. More...

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