Encyclopedia Astronautica
Physicist


Category of persons.

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Associated People
  • Millikan Millikan, Robert A (1868-1953) American physicist, Nobel prize winner, did early research on cosmic rays, built Caltech into preeminent engineering school. More...
  • Pauer Pauer, Walter (1887-) German thermodynamics expert; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2. More...
  • Waterman Waterman, Alan T (1892-1967) American physicist. First director of the National Science Foundation, 1951-1963. Disputed authority for space science with NASA. More...
  • Kelly, Mervin Kelly, Mervin J (1894-1971) American physicist, at Bell Laboratories from 1934, President 1951-1959. Science advisor to NASA, 1961. More...
  • Wolff, Waldemar Wolff, Waldemar (1894-) German ballistics expert; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946. More...
  • Mueller, Rudolf Mueller, Rudolf (1898-) German mechanics expert; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2. More...
  • DuBridge DuBridge, Lee Alvin (1901-1994) American physicist. President of Caltech 1946-1969; Science Adviser to Presidents Truman and Nixon. More...
  • Teller Teller, Edward (1908-2003) Jewish Hungarian-American physicist, American Father of the H-Bomb. A dedicated cold warrior. Founded Livermore laboratory, convinced Reagan to proceed with 'Star Wars' using nuclear-bomb-pumped x-ray laser. More...
  • Massey Massey, Sir Harrie S W (1908-) British physicist, chairman of the British National Space Research Committee in the early 1960s. More...
  • Ridenour Ridenour, Louis Nicot (1911-1959) American physicist, served in leading academic, industry, and government positions, notably as chief scientist with the US Air Force in the early 1950s. More...
  • Golovin Golovin, Nicholas E (1912-1969) American physicist. NRL, 1946-1948; NBS 1949-1958; NASA 1960. Chaired seminal NASA-DOD large launch vehicle planning group 1961. White House technical advisor for aviation and space 1962-1968. More...
  • Seaborg Seaborg, Glenn T (1912-1999) American physicist, chair of the Atomic Energy Commission 1961-1971. More...
  • Fubini Fubini, Eugene G (1913-1997) Italian-American physicist. Worked for the US military in a succession of technical and scientific position 1942-1969. More...
  • Kirillin Kirillin, Vladimir Alekseyevich (1913-1999) Russian physicist, Deputy Chairmen of the Council of Ministers and Chairman of the State Committee for Science and Technology 1965-1980. More...
  • Kantrowitz Kantrowitz, Arthur (1913-) American physicist, founded Avco-Everett in 1955. Vice president and director of Avco Corporation, 1856-1978. More...
  • Lovell, Bernard Lovell, A C Bernard (1913-) British physicist. Established the Jodrell Bank radio observatory, used during the cold war to support NASA satellites and receive Soviet probe signals. More...
  • Mueller, Werner Mueller, Werner (1914-) German mathematician; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946. More...
  • Katz Katz, Amron Harry (1915-) American physicist. At Rand, 1954-1969; specialist aerospace reconnaissance. Amron Harry Katz was a physicist who worked with the Rand Corp, Santa Monica, California, between 1954 and 1969. He was a specialist aerospace reconnaissance. More...
  • Newell Newell, Homer E (1915-1983) American physicist, at NRL 1944-1958, NASA 1958-1973. Leading advocate of use of sounding rockets for atmospheric and space research. More...
  • Mengel Mengel, John T (1918-) American physicist, at USN 1942-1958. Developed tracking systems for Vanguard. At NASA 1958-1973, in charge of tracking and data systems. More...
  • Hilburn Hilburn, Earl D (1920-1989) American engineer. At NASA 1963-1966, in charge of industrial affairs. Later President of Western Union. More...
  • Nehrkorn Nehrkorn, Horst (1920-) German ballistics expert; worked in the Soviet Union after WW2. One of the group that fired V-2 rockets at Kapustin Yar in 1946. More...
  • Salter Salter, Robert M (1920-) American physicist, at North American, 1946-1948; Rand, 1948-1954; Lockheed, 1954-1959. Responsible for much of the early studies of earth satellites, especially reconnaisance satellites. More...
  • Naugle Naugle, John E (1923-1993) American physicist, at NASA 1959-1981, developed projects to study the magnetosphere. More...
  • Leust Leust, Reimar (1923-) German Physicist. Reimar Leust is a German theoretical physicist who held a variety of prestigious academic and advisory council posts before serving as Director General of ESA from 1984-1990. More...
  • York York, Herbert F (1923-) American physicist, held key scientific advisory roles in US government 1958-1961, when key decisions on space exploration, missile development, and nuclear weapons were made. More...
  • Finger Finger, Harold B (1924-) American physicist. At NASA 1944-1969. Early work involved compressors. Chief of the nuclear engine program 1958-1967. NASA Associate Administrator for Organization and Management 1967-1969. More...
  • Singer Singer, S Fred (1924-) American physicist, proposed a Minimum Orbital Unmanned Satellite of the Earth (MOUSE) in 1953. More...
  • Jastrow Jastrow, Robert (1925-) American physicist, headed NASA space studies 1961-1981. More...
  • Frosch Frosch, Robert A (1928-) American physicist, NASA administrator 1976-1981. During his tenure the shuttle was developed from paper design to flight hardware. More...
  • Mark Mark, Hans (1929-) German-American physicist, Secretary of the Air Force 1979-1981, NASA deputy administrator 1981-1984. More...
  • Lind Lind, Dr Don Leslie (1930-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-B. Longest wait for an American for a spaceflight after becoming an astronaut (19 years). More...
  • van den Berg van den Berg, Dr Lodewijk (1932-) Dutch-American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-B. More...
  • Simon Simon, Dr George Warren (1934-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1978-1985. More...
  • Page Page, Edgar (1935-) Irish physicist who specialized in cosmic ray research at the ESRO, 1965-1975. Headed ESA's space science department 1976-1986. From 1986, served as science coordinator for the Ulysses spacecraft mission. More...
  • Allen Allen, Joseph Percival IV 'Joe' (1937-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-5, STS-51-A. More...
  • Prinz Prinz, Dr Dianne Kasnic (1938-2002) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1978-1985. More...
  • Manno Manno, Vittorio (1938-) Italian Physicist. Vittorio Manno is an Italian physicist who was a senior scientist at ESA's Science Directorate from 1972-1989. From 1989-1995, Manno served as the scientific attaché at the Italian Embassy in Vienna. More...
  • Keyworth Keyworth, George A (1939-) American physicist, science advisor to President Reagan 1981-1986, former head of Los Alamos laboratory. Played key role in 'star wars' development controversy. More...
  • Wang Wang, Dr Taylor Gun-Jin (1940-) Chinese-American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-B. More...
  • Crouch Crouch, Dr Roger Keith (1940-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-83, STS-94. More...
  • Furrer Furrer, Dr Reinhard Alfred (1940-1995) Austrian physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A. Died in an airplance crash. More...
  • Haskell Haskell, George (1940-) British physicist. at ESA 1972-1992. 1972-1987 in ESA's space science planning office; 1987-1992, liaison officer for scientific use of the space station. More...
  • Rossitto Rossitto, Franco (1940-) Italian physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. More...
  • Lampton Lampton, Dr Michael Logan (1941-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1978-1990. More...
  • Merbold Merbold, Dr Ulf Dietrich (1941-) German physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-9, STS-42, Mir Euromir 94. More...
  • Chappell Chappell, Charles Richard (1943-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1992. More...
  • Nair Nair, Paramaswaren Radhakrishnan (1943-) Indian physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986. More...
  • Batalli-Cosmovici Batalli Cosmovici, Cristiano (1943-) Italian physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1989-1992. More...
  • Olthof Olthof, Henk (1944-) Dutch physicist at ESA. From 1977-1986, responsible for the secretariat of the Astronomy Working Group. Thereafter, served as the head of space station and platforms for scientific users at the European Space Research and Technology Centre. More...
  • Messerschmid Messerschmid, Dr Ernst Willi (1945-) German physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A. More...
  • Nordsieck Nordsieck, Dr Kenneth Hugh (1946-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1990. More...
  • Ockels Ockels, Dr Wubbo Johannes (1946-) Dutch physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A. First Dutch astronaut. More...
  • Apt Apt, Dr Jerome J III 'Jay' (1949-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-37, STS-47, STS-59, STS-79. More...
  • Chang-Diaz Chang-Diaz, Dr Franklin Ramon (1950-) Costa Rican-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-C, STS-34, STS-46, STS-60, STS-75, STS-91, STS-111. Held record of seven spaceflights. More...
  • Holmes Holmes, Christopher John Nicholas (1950-) British physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1986. Bachelor of Science in physics from the Queen Mary College, London, 1972. Physicist. Selected in 1984 for the British Skynet-Program. British National Space Center, London. More...
  • Trinh Trinh, Dr Eugene Huu-Chau 'Gene' (1950-) Vietnamese-American physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-50. More...
  • McNair McNair, Dr Ronald Erwin (1950-1986) African-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-41-B, STS-51-L. Died in Challenger accident. More...
  • Phillips Phillips, John Lynch (1951-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-100, ISS EO-11, STS-119. More...
  • Ride Ride, Dr Sally Kristen (1951-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-7, STS-41-G. Physicist, first American woman in space. Was married to astronaut Steven Alan Hawley. More...
  • Schlegel Schlegel, Hans Wilhelm (1951-) German physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-55, STS-122. More...
  • Godwin Godwin, Dr Linda Maxine (1952-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-37, STS-59, STS-76, STS-108. Physicist. Was married to astronaut Steven Nagel. More...
  • Thornton Thornton, Dr Kathryn Ryan Cordell 'Kathy' (1952-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-33, STS-49, STS-61, STS-73. More...
  • Thiele Thiele, Gerhard Julius Paul (1953-) German physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-99. DARA. More...
  • Walter Walter, Dr Ulrich Hans (1954-) German physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-55. More...
  • Guidoni Guidoni, Umberto (1954-) Italian physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-75, STS-100. More...
  • MacLean MacLean, Steven Glenwood (1954-) Canadian physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-52, STS-115. Selected Aug 1996; he had been PayloadSpecialist on STS-52 Mission LAGEOS-2 (responsible for the Space Visions System). More...
  • Newman Newman, Dr James Hansen 'Jim' (1956-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51, STS-69, STS-88, STS-109. More...
  • Foale Foale, Dr Colin Michael 'Mike' (1957-) British-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-45, STS-56, STS-63, Mir NASA-4, STS-103, ISS EO-8; 373 days in space. Appointed Deputy Associate Administrator for Exploration Operations in 2004. More...
  • Wood, Robert Wood, Robert Jackson (1957-2009) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986. More...
  • Wisoff Wisoff, Peter Jeffrey Kelsay 'Jeff' (1958-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-57, STS-68, STS-81, STS-92. Was married to astronaut Tammy Jernigan. More...
  • Grunsfeld Grunsfeld, Dr John Mace (1958-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut 1992-2010. Flew on STS-67, STS-81, STS-103, STS-109, STS-125. More...
  • Creamer Creamer, Timothy John 'TJ' (1959-) American physicist mission specialist astronaut, 1998-on. More...
  • Anderson Anderson, Michael Phillip (1959-2003) African-American physicist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-89, STS-107. Perished in Columbia shuttle disintegration during re-entry. More...
  • Holt Holt, Dr Ray Glynn (1959-) American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1994-1995. More...
  • Foster Foster, John S American physicist. Director of Defense Research and Engineering 1965-1973; served on 1992 review board on post-Cold War space policy. More...
  • Pellerin Pellerin, Charles J American physicist, at NASA 1974-1994. Director of Astrophysics in NASA's Office of Space Science and Applications 1983-1992; Deputy Associate Administrator for Safety and Mission Quality 1992-1994. More...

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