Encyclopedia Astronautica
Politician


Category of persons.

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Associated People
  • Stalin Stalin, losif Vissarionovich (1879-1953) Georgian-Russian politician. Leader of the Soviet Union, 1924-1953. More...
  • Hitler Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945) German Politician. National Socialist politician and Reich Chancellor. More...
  • Eisenhower Eisenhower, Dwight David (1890-1969) President of the United States, 1953-1961; began development of Jupiter, Thor, Atlas, Titan, Polaris, and Minuteman - the foundation of US access to space. His distrust of of the military led him to create NASA to handle space programs. More...
  • Brucker Brucker, Wilber M (1894-1968) American politician. Secretary of the Army 1955-1961. More...
  • Khrushchev Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeyevich (1894-1971) Russian politician. Leader of the USSR from 1956 to 1964. More...
  • Bulganin Bulganin, Nikolai Aleksandrovich (1895-1975) Russian Minister of Defense 1947-1949 and 1953-1955. Chaired Special Committee 2 1947-1949. Chairman of the Soviet Council of Ministers, and heavily involved in the negotiations over freedom of space issue for overflight of territories. More...
  • Goebbels Goebbels, Joseph (1897-1945) German Politician. National Socialist politician and propaganda Minister. The dubbed the F-103 cruise missile and the A4 ballistic missile 'Vengeance weapons' and designated them V-1 and V-2 respectively. More...
  • Symington Symington, Stuart (1901-1988) American politician, Senator 1953-1977, strong advocate of aerospace projects. More...
  • Malenkov Malenkov, Georgi Maksimiliyanovich (1902-1988) Russian politician. First Chairman of Special Committee 2 1946-1947. Oversaw missile program. More...
  • Malyshev, Vyecheslav Malyshev, Vyecheslav Aleksandrovich (1902-1957) Russian politician. Minister of Medium Machine Building 1953-1955. First manager of the Soviet defence industry. More...
  • Vetoshkin Vetoshkin, Sergei Ivanovich (1905-1991) Russian politician. First Deputy Chairman of Military-industrial Commission 1958-1965. Directorate Chief in Ministry of Armaments. More...
  • Dementiev Dementiev, Petr Vasilyevich (1907-1977) Russian politician. Minister of Aviation Industry 1953-1977. Supporter of Chelomei. More...
  • Johnson, Lyndon Johnson, Lyndon B (1908-1973) American politician, Senator 1949-1961, Vice President 1960-1963, President 1963-1969; huge supporter of civilian space flight, instrumental in creating NASA, and providing the political and budgetary support for the Apollo moon landing progra More...
  • Kozlov, Frol Kozlov, Frol Romanovich (1908-1965) Russian politician. Secretary of Central Committee for defence and space 1960-1963. More...
  • Ustinov Ustinov, Dmitri Fedorovich (1908-1984) Russian politician. Primary manager of the Soviet missile and space programs 1946-1976. In charge of development of Soviet rocketry 1946-1957. Chairman of the VPK 1957-1963. Secretary of Central Committee for Defence and Space 1965-1976. More...
  • Reagan Reagan, Ronald (1911-2004) American politician, president of the USA 1981-1989. Initiated 'Star Wars' strategic defences and Space Station Freedomt. Confronted the Soviet Union with a heavy aerospace buildup which they could not match, contributing to their collapse. More...
  • Humphrey Humphrey, Hubert H (1911-1978) American politician, in Senate 1949-1964 and 1971-1978, Vice President 1965-1969. In 1958 pressed for creation of a cabinet-level Department of Science and Technology, but defeated by Eisenhower's proposal to establish NASA. More...
  • Brezhnev Brezhnev, Leonid I (1912-1982) Russian politician. Leader of the Soviet Union between 1965 and 1982. More...
  • Jackson Jackson, Henry M (1912-1983) American politician. Powerful Congressman, serving from 1940-1986. In the 1950's a leading advocate of greater attention to the development of the U.S. missile program. More...
  • Nixon Nixon, Richard M (1913-1994) American politician, President of the US 1969-1974; allowed the Apollo and Skylab programs to complete, but denied NASA funds for its enormous post-Apollo program. He set budget limitations resulting in a partially-reusable shuttle design. More...
  • Ford, Gerald Ford, Gerald R (1913-) American politician. House of Representatives 1948-1973; Vice President 1973-1974; President 1974-1977. No new space initatives, stewarded Nixon's program of ending Apollo, single Apollo-Soyuz flight, continued Shuttle development. More...
  • Rogers, William Rogers, William P (1913-) American politician, chair of the presidentially-mandated blue ribbon commission investigating the Challenger accident in January 1986 More...
  • Brezhnev, Mikhail Brezhnev, Mikhail Aleksandrovich Russian politician. Deputy Minister of General Machine Building. Responsible for guidance systems industry. More...
  • Sandys Sandys, Duncan British Politician. British politician. More...
  • Kennedy Kennedy, John F (1916-1963) American polictician, President of the United States, 1961-1963. Declared the goal of landing an American on the moon by 1970 in 1961 as a means of beating the Soviet Union in the space race. More...
  • Vance Vance, Cyrus R (1917-) American politician, long career as a senior government official in various Democratic administrations. More...
  • Afanasyev, Sergei Afanasyev, Sergei Aleksandrovich (1918-) Russian politician. First Minister of General Machine Building, in charge of the Soviet ballistic rocket and space industries, from 1965-1983. More...
  • Agnew Agnew, Spiro T (1918-1996) American politician. Vice President of the United States, 1968-1973. More...
  • Shultz Shultz, George P (1920-) American politican, Reagan's Secretary of State, 1981-1989. During his negotiated strategic arms reductions with the Soviet Union. More...
  • Kissinger Kissinger, Henry A (1923-) Jewish American academic, US National Security Assistant, 1969-1973; Secretary of State, 1973-1977. Pursued detente with Soviet Union, leading to missile reductions, ABM/ASAT agreements, and Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. More...
  • Carter, Jimmy Carter, Jimmy (1924-) American Politician. Jimmy Carter was president of the United States between 1977 and 1981. Previously he had been a naval officer and businessman before entering politics. He entered politics in the Georgia State Legislature More...
  • Bush Bush, George H W (1924-) American Politician. George H.W. Bush served as president of the United States between 1989 and 1993. Before that time he had been a diplomat, director of the CIA, and vice president under Ronald Reagan More...
  • Beggs Beggs, James E (1926-) American engineer, served in various government and aerospace industry management positions. NASA Administrator 1981-1985. More...
  • Balmont Balmont, Boris Vladimirovich (1927-) Russian politician. First Deputy Minister of General Machine Building 1976-1981. Chief of Chief Directorate of Ministry of General Machine Building 1965-1973. More...
  • Shevardnadze Shevardnadze, Eduard A (1927-) Georgian politician, reform leader in the Soviet Union, negotiated with the United States for international cooperation in space, including the building of a space station in the 1990s. More...
  • Yeltsin Yeltsin, Boris N (1930-2007) Russian politician, headed Russia 1991-1999. Under his tenure the Soviet programs collapsed, but Russian manned space technology base was kept alive through American funding of the International Space Station. More...
  • Gorbachev Gorbachev, Mikhail S (1931-) Russian politician. Leader and diassembler of the Soviet Union, 1985-1989. He cancelled the Soviet Star Wars program. But as a result of the disintegration of the USSR, all Russian space development had ended by 1992. More...
  • Garn Garn, Edwin Jacob 'Jake' (1932-) American senator payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-D. More...
  • Baklanov Baklanov, Oleg Dmitriyevich (1932-) Russian politician. Minister of General Machine Building 1983-1988. More...
  • Aldridge Aldridge, Edward Cleveland Jr 'Pete' (1938-) American politician payload specialist astronaut, 1985-1986. More...
  • Clinton Clinton, William J (1946-) American Politician. William J. Clinton became president of the United States in 1993. Previously he served as governor and attorney general of Arkansas. More...
  • Whitehead Whitehead, Clay T American politician, a White House staff assistant during the Nixon Administration between 1969 and 1972 who was heavily involved in space policy associated with the decision to build the Space Shuttle and post-Apollo planning for NASA. More...
  • Fuller, Craig Fuller, Craig American US Government Politician. Craig Fuller was President Ronald Reagan's Cabinet Secretary in the early 1980s and arranged for NASA's space station proposal to be discussed at a meeting of the Cabinet Council for Commerce and Trade. More...
  • Quayle Quayle, J Danforth 'Dan' American politician, Vice President 1989-1993, headed National Space Council, invovled in development of space station and its conversion from a national to an international projects. More...

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