Encyclopedia Astronautica
R-17



scud.gif
Scud B 8K14
Credit: © Mark Wade
The final refinement of the R-11 design, the R-17, was exported widely and became infamous around the world by its ASCC reporting name - "Scud". It was perhaps the most famous ballistic missile of the post-war period due to its use in the Iran-Iraq 'War of the Cities' and the Gulf War. This was the definitive production version of what was essentially a storable-propellant rocket with the performance of the V-2.

The original design was by Makeyev but the missile itself was produced by the Votkinsk Machine Building Plant.

In 1958-1959 Makeyev designed and built the first mock-up of the new missile. But by then the decision was made to devote the bureau to sea-launched missiles, and in 1959 the program was transferred to Votkinsk Machine Building Plant. There design work continued with first launch in 1961 and acceptance into military service in 1964. Later built under license in Iraq and North Korea.

In the 1980s, TsNIIAG (Central Research Institute of Automatics and Hydraulics ) began development of an optronically-guided terrain-comparison and map-matching re-entry vehicle for the R-17. TsNIIAG specialists developed software, an optronic guidance system, onboard equipment for the re-entry vehicle control system, ground-based data gathering equipment, and re-entry vehicle targeting equipment. To ensure the reliability of the guidance system in any weather, and over any terrain, a target databank was developed of more than 10,000 images of the Earth's surface made at different times of day and in different seasons of the year. After a series of ground tests the system's equipment components and software were substantially improved. During hundreds of flights, the system's accuracy and operating reliability in any weather and over any terrain were assessed.

At the final stage of the tests, missiles fitted with target re-entry vehicles were launched. Their point-of-impact error did not exceed a few dozen meters. The work on the R-17 missile equipped with an optronic guidance system was successfully completed, and the missile was subsequently placed in operational service.

Iraq Launched 331 Scud-B missiles at Iran during the Iran-Iraq war, and 189 al-Hussein missiles at Iranian cities during the 1988 "War of the Cities." In the first Iraq War, between January 18 and February 26, 1991, 40 Scuds were launched by Iraq against Israel and 46 against Saudi Arabia. This handful of launches had enormous operational impact on Coalition operations.

Efforts by Coalition air forces to suppress Iraqi launches ran into many problems. Key portions of the target set -- notably the presurveyed launch sites and hiding places used by the mobile launchers -- were not identified before 17 January 1991, and, even in the face of intense efforts to find and destroy them, the mobile launchers proved remarkably elusive and survivable. Although Iraq's average weekly launch rate of modified Scuds during Desert Storm (14.7 launches per week) was lower than it had been during the 1988 "war of the cities," and while launch rates generally declined over the course of the Gulf War, the actual destruction of any Iraqi mobile launchers by fixed-wing Coalition aircraft was impossible to confirm. Coalition aircrews reported destroying around eighty mobile launchers; another score or so were claimed by special operations forces. Most of these reports undoubtedly stemmed from attacks that did destroy objects found in the Scud launch areas. But most, if not all, of the objects involved appear to have been decoys, vehicles such as tanker trucks that had infrared and radar signatures impossible to distinguish from those of mobile launchers and their associated support vehicles, and other objects unfortunate enough to provide "Scud-like" signatures. Over the 43 days of Desert Storm, roughly 1,500 strikes were carried out against targets associated with Iraqi ballistic missile capabilities.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • R-17 Russian short-range ballistic missile. The final refinement of the R-11 design, the R-17, was exported widely and became infamous around the world by its ASCC reporting name - "Scud". It was perhaps the most famous ballistic missile of the post-war period due to its use in the Iran-Iraq 'War of the Cities' and the Gulf War. This was the definitive production version of what was essentially a storable-propellant rocket with the performance of the V-2. The original design was by Makeyev but the missile itself was produced by the Votkinsk Machine Building Plant. More...
  • R-17 Russian short-range ballistic missile. The final refinement of the R-11 design, the R-17, was exported widely and became infamous around the world by its ASCC reporting name - "Scud". It was perhaps the most famous ballistic missile of the post-war period due to its use in the Iran-Iraq 'War of the Cities' and the Gulf War. This was the definitive production version of what was essentially a storable-propellant rocket with the performance of the V-2. The original design was by Makeyev but the missile itself was produced by the Votkinsk Machine Building Plant. More...
  • Hwasong 5 North Korean mobile liquid propellant single stage tactical ballistic missile. Reverse-engineered from Russian R-17's provided by Egypt around 1980. Often referred to as 'Scud-B'. 340 km range compared to 300 km for the original R-17 design. More...
  • Hwasong 7 North Korean mobile liquid propellant single stage tactical ballistic missile. Derived from Russian R-17, often referred to as 'Scud-D'. The Hwasong had a 700 km range with a 500 kg payload and went into service in 1994. More...
  • Hwasong 6 North Korean mobile liquid propellant single stage tactical ballistic missile. Derived from Russian R-17, often referred to as 'Scud-C'. The Hwasong had a 500 km range, achieved by halving the payload. More...
  • Al Hussein Iraqi modification of the R-17 that doubled the missile's range at the expense of more than halving the payload and accuracy. More...
  • Al Abbas Iraqi modification of the R-17 with an 800-km range, achieved by reducing warhead weight to 125 kg, and increasing propellant load by 30 percent . More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...
  • Pacific Ocean Sounding rocket launches made from naval vessels in the Pacific accounted for 280 launches from 1949 to 2006, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Vandenberg Vandenberg Air Force Base is located on the Central Coast of California about 240 km northwest of Los Angeles. It is used for launches of unmanned government and commercial satellites into polar orbit and intercontinental ballistic missile test launches toward the Kwajalein Atoll. More...
  • Point Mugu US Naval Air Station and major missile testing centre, known to have been used for 2551 launches from 1955 to 2005. The actual total of missile tests is many times greater. More...
  • Barking Sands Military missile test and sounding rocket launch site. In use from 1962 to present. Sandia National Laboratories operates the Kauai Test Facility for the Department of Energy and, through inter-Service Support Agreements provides the Barking Sands Pacific Missile Range Facility with rocket launch services for target systems and upper atmosphere measurements. PMRF/KTF is recognized in the INF Treaty as an authorized site from which launches of the STARS missile can be conducted. The site was recently involved in anti-ballistic missile tests. Known to have been used for 2320 launches from 1962 to 2007, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Gitdaeryung North Korean intermediate missile base, south east of Wonson, said to be capable of launching Scud-C's, SCUD-X's and Nodong-A ballistic missiles. Known to have been used for 18 launches from 1984 to 2006, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Scud Batteries Mobile Iraqi Scud batteries were known to have been used for 59 wartime launches from 1990 to 1991, reaching up to 100 kilometers altitude, en route to targets in Israel and Saudi Arabia. More...
  • Qom Military testing range, located near this Iranian religious centre, known to have been used for one launch in 1991, reaching 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Chiha-ri Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1 launch in 1991, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Hama-Allepo Syrian military testing range, known to have been used for 9 launches from 1992 to 2007, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Bigen Island Bigen Island, Aur Atoll, Marshall Islands, was a sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 2 launches in 1997, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...

R-17 Chronology


1958 During the Year - . LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17.
  • Development of the R-17 begins - . Nation: USSR. In 1958-1959 Makeyev designed and built the first mock-up of a new design missile to rectify the shortcomings of the R-11. The R-17 would later become infamous around the world as the 'Scud-B'. The decision was made to devote the Makeyev bureau to sea-launched missiles, and in 1959 the program was transferred to Votkinsk Machine Building Plant.

1959 December 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 BK1-02 (R-11MU).
  • ZI - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1959 December 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 BK1-04 (R-11MU).
  • ZI - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1961 During the Year - . LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17.
  • R-17 (Scud B) first launch - . Nation: USSR. Summary: The program was conducted by the Votkinsk Machine Building Plant. There design work continued with first launch in 1961 and acceptance into military service in 1964..

1961 Sep - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17.
  • Last LKI - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 Duing the year - . LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17.
  • R-17 (Scud B) accepted for military service - . Nation: USSR.

1964 February 5 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 February 11 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 March 15 - . 14:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi).

1964 April 8 - . 08:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi).

1964 April 25 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 July 18 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1964 August 12 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1964 September 2 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 October 10 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

1964 October 16 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

1964 October 29 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1964 November 28 - . 11:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1964 December 21 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-3 (Scud C).
  • Long range R-17 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1965 January 15 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1965 January 30 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1965 February 12 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1965 February 20 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1965 March 5 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1965 March 13 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1965 April 24 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1965 May 26 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 KY-2.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1973 October 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Deversoir. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • Weapon - . Nation: Egypt. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 October 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Deversoir. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • R-17E - . Nation: Egypt. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1973 October 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Deversoir. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • Weapon - . Nation: Egypt. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1977 Oct - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1977 Oct - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1977 Oct - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1977 Oct - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1977 Oct - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1977 Oct - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1979 September 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17VTO Aerofon.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1980 Nov - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • 69 against Iran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1981 Apr - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1981 Apr - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1981 Apr - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1981 Apr - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1981 Apr - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1981 Jun - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1981 Jun - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1981 Jun - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1981 Nov - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1981 Nov - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1981 Dec - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1981 Dec - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 May - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 May - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 Jul - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 Jul - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 Jul - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 Jul - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 Jul - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 Jul - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 Jul - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 Jul - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 Sep - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1982 Sep - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: R-17 Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1984 April 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 5.
1984 September 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 5.
1984 September 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 5.
1987 August 3 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Range test, 615 km - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1987 December 28 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Combat valid. test - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1988 February 29 - . Launch Site: Al Amarah. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • vs Tehran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1988 February 29 - . Launch Site: Al Amarah. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • vs Tehran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1988 February 29 - . Launch Site: Al Amarah. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • vs Tehran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1988 March 1 - . Launch Site: Al Amarah. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • vs Tehran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1988 March 1 - . Launch Site: Al Amarah. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • vs Tehran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1988 March 1 - . Launch Site: Al Amarah. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein. LV Configuration: Al Hussein [total up to 9/2d].
  • vs Tehran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1989 July 27 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Launch trailer test - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 January 2 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein. LV Configuration: R-17 Short Al Hussein.
  • Test flight - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 January 2 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Test flight - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 January 2 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Test flight - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 January 2 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein. LV Configuration: R-17 Short Al Hussein.
  • Test flight - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 April 8 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein. LV Configuration: R-17 Short Al Hussein.
  • Test flight - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 April 8 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Chemical warhead - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 June 1 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1990 June 27 - . Launch Site: Tall Afar. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein. LV Configuration: Al Hussein H4-1.
  • Separating RV test - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 August 15 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Weapon test - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 December 1 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-A. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Weapon/test - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 December 1 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-A. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Weapon/test - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 December 1 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-A. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Weapon/test - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 17 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 19 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 19 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 19 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 20 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 20 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 21 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 21 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 21 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 21 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 21 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 21 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 21 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Combat launch - target: Al Jubail - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 22 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 22 - . 00:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 22 - . 00:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 22 - . 00:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 22 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 22 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 22 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 23 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 23 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 23 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 23 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 23 - . 19:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 25 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 25 - . 19:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 25 - . 19:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 26 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 26 - . 00:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 26 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 28 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 1 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 1 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 1 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 2 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 2 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 2 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 7 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 11 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 14 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Hafir Al Batin - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 14 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Hafir Al Batin - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 15 - . 23:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Combat launch - target: Al Jubail - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 21 - . 14:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Combat launch - target: King Khalid Military City - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 21 - . 14:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Combat launch - target: King Khalid Military City - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 21 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Combat launch - target: King Khalid Military City - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 21 - . 23:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Bahrain - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 23 - . 01:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 23 - . 01:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 24 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 24 - . 01:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 24 - . 06:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 24 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Combat launch - target: King Khalid Military City - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 25 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 25 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Qatar - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 May 1 - . Launch Site: Qom. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1991 July 1 - . Launch Site: Chiha-ri. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1992 July 1 - . Launch Site: Hama-Allepo. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1992 July 1 - . Launch Site: Hama-Allepo. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1993 May 29 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1993 May 29 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1993 May 30 - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1994 May 12 - . Launch Site: Yemen. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • Sanaa (total 30) - . Nation: Yemen. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1994 Jun - . Launch Site: Yemen. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • Sanaa - . Nation: Yemen. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1994 Jul - . Launch Site: Yemen. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • Sanaa - . Nation: Yemen. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1994 Q3 - . Launch Site: Hama-Allepo. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6. LV Configuration: Hwasong 6 Scud C.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1997 February 7 - . Launch Site: Bigen Island. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA.
  • Willow Dune Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1997 March 19 - . Launch Site: Bigen Island. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA.
  • Willow Dune Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2000 September 1 - . Launch Site: Hama-Allepo. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud D.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2000 September 23 - . Launch Site: Hama-Allepo. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud D.
  • - . Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2001 July 1 - . Launch Site: Minakh. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2002 November 14 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF7632. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA.
  • GMDS - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

2002 November 25 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF7632. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA.
  • GMDS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

2004 July 29 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA.
  • Arrow Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2005 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hama-Allepo. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud B.
  • - . Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2005 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hama-Allepo. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud D.
  • - . Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2005 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hama-Allepo. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud D.
  • (Hit Turkey) - . Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2006 July 4 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
2006 July 4 - . 22:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Gitdaeryung. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • North Korean missile test - . Nation: Korea North. Agency: CMIK. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2007 January 27 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Platform: MLP. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA.
  • FMA - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2007 January 28 - . Launch Site: Hama-Allepo. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud D Long range test.
  • Long range test - . Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2007 April 6 - . 06:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Platform: MLP. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA.
  • FMA - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2008 June 5 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA Aegis FTM-14 Target.
  • FMA Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2008 September 18 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA THAAD FTT-10 Target.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2009 March 18 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA.
  • THAAD Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: Target.

2010 February 12 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Pacific Ocean. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA.
  • ABL shoots down Scud target. - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). First test of the Airborne Laser against a foreign-technology missile target. The ABL destroyed the Scud liquid-fueled short-range ballistic missile launched from a mobile platform at sea. The entire engagement, including atmospheric compensation for the high-energy laser while the ballistic missile's rocket motor was still firing, occurred less than one minute from target launch.

2010 June 29 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands MLP. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA.
  • FTT-14 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: ABM Target.

2010 September 1 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA.
  • RV - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Summary: ABM target..

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