Encyclopedia Astronautica
RT-15



rt15.jpg
RT-15
Credit: Arsenal
The RT-15 IRBM used the second and third stages if the RT-2 ICBM. After protracted development in 1961-1970 with a range of alternative self-propelled mobile launchers, limited numbers ('few' to 19) of two types of launchers were deployed in 1970. The various transporters tested created confusion in the West (with designations SS-14 Scapegoat and Scamp being applied).

Decree 316-157 of 4 April 1961 authorised development of a family of solid propellant launch vehicles utilising various combinations of three stages (the RT-2, RT-15, and RT-25). The RT-15 IRBM used the second and third stages of the RT-2 ICBM and was to be developed at TsKB-7 Arsenal in Leningrad under the direction of Pyotr A Tyurin. Both mobile and silo-based versions were designed. However work was stopped from 16 July 1963 to 25 December 1964 due to delays in development of the RT-2 on which the missile was based.

Trials of the RT-15 using two 15P696 mobile launchers finally took place in 1965-1966. By that time the planned silo version was cancelled. The launcher was revealed publicly at the mammoth Moscow parade in 1967. TsKB-7 itself designed the first stage motors, with the solid propellant being developed by Vladimir S Shpak at GIPKh and produced by Yakov Savchenko at the Altaisk State Research Institute for Chemical Technology. Two variants of the second stage were developed in parallel. That flown on the first ten flights was developed by Mikhail Tsirulnikov at SKB-172 in Perm. The later variant was developed by the same team that produced the first stage.

A variant using the Object 272 self-propelled-launcher based on the chassis of the T-10 tank was designed by Zh Ya Kotin at KB-3 at the Kirov Factory in Leningrad. The TTZ specification for this version was issued by GURVO on 24 September 1964. System integrator was V V Cherneskin at TsKB-34. A regiment of these launchers consisted of six launchers, one control vehicle, a MAZ-543 command vehicle, a position preparation vehicle, two diesel generators, and three 'Relef' communications/liaison vehicles. Trials were conducted at Kaputsin Yar in 1965 to 1966 from launch areas 84 and 105. This version was paraded in Moscow in 1966.

The complete mobile land-based launch complex (PBRK) underwent trials from November 1966 to March 1970. Twenty launches were made with this variant, including two dual salvo launches. Although series production was cancelled on 6 June 1969, it was recommended that an experimental regiment be formed to test the military utility of a mobile solid propellant missile. Some claim that this regiment went into service in Byelorussia in 1970 with 19 launchers of various types. Reportedly the Arsenal factory produced only 15 series RT-15's before production was ended.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • RT-15M Russian submarine-launched ballistic missile. Under the original resolution in 1961 starting the RT-2 programme, Makeyev was to develop a submarine-launched version of the RT-15, consisting of the first and second stages of the RT-2. It did not proceed beyond the study stage. More...
  • RT-15 Russian intermediate range ballistic missile. The RT-15 IRBM used the second and third stages if the RT-2 ICBM. After protracted development in 1961-1970 with a range of alternative self-propelled mobile launchers, limited numbers ('few' to 19) of two types of launchers were deployed in 1970. The various transporters tested created confusion in the West (with designations SS-14 Scapegoat and Scamp being applied). More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

RT-15 Chronology


1965 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC84. Launch Pad: LC84?. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

November 1966 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • First RT-15 launch in regiment test series. - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN.

1967 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 March 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-15. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

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