Encyclopedia Astronautica
Stromboli



eridanse.jpg
Eridan
Credit: via Jean-Jacques Serra
The second series of Sud Aviation sounding rockets were designed to carry large diameter payloads, and used Stromboli motors only.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Dauphin French sounding rocket. Single stage sounding rocket consisting of a single Stromboli motor. More...
  • Stromboli French sounding rocket. The second series of Sud Aviation sounding rockets were designed to carry large diameter payloads, and used Stromboli motors only. More...
  • Eridan French sounding rocket. Two stage sounding rocket consisting of two Stromboli motors in tandem. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Hammaguira The constellation of launch complexes and nuclear weapons test sites established by France in Algeria began with the Special Weapons Test Center (CIEES). This began operations at Colomb-Bechar, Algeria, on April 24, 1947. Development of the larger Veronique series required a new facility. This went into operation at Hammaguir, 120 km southwest of Colomb-Bechar, in May 1952. The evacuation of these launch sites was a condition of the final agreement signed in March 1962 that ended the Algerian Civil War. The sites continued in use until finally turned over to the Algerian government on 1 July 1967. French missile test activities moved to Biscarosse, in France, and orbital launches to Kourou, in French Guiana. Hammaguira was known to have been used for at least 271 launches from 1952 to 1967. More...
  • Ile du Levant In October 1950 a military missile test site was established at the French naval base on the Ile du Levant, an offshore island in the Mediterranean near Toulon. This was named CERES (Special Weapons Research and Tests Center) in 1952 and replaced a beach site at Pampelone used for ad-hoc launches since 1948. In 1968 it was expanded to include the La Renardiere site on Pont ST Mandrier and renamed CEM (Mediterranean Test Center). La Renardiere had been used in 1945 for testing the first French liquid propelled rocket, the EA 41. Ile du Levant was known to have been used for at least 111 launches from 1956 to 1969, reaching up to 270 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Kerguelen Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 186 launches from 1963 to 1981, reaching up to 416 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Biscarosse In April 1962 France signed the final agreements with Algeria, requiring them to evacuate their rocket test ranged there by July 1967. Three months later a site on French soil on the Bay of Biscay, at Landes, near Biscarosse, was selected. The site would allow the testing of missiles over the Atlantic out to a range of 3000 km. This would put the RV impact area near the Azores, and a tracking station was opened in October 1966 on Flores island. More...
  • Kourou After the agreement with newly independent Algeria for France to evacuate their launch sites in that country, a location near Biscarosse was selected for French missile testing. However since only launches westwards across the Bay of Biscay could be made from this site, it was unsuitable for France's Diamant orbital launch vehicle. After reviewing 14 potential sites, a location in the South American French colony of Guiana was selected. This would allow over-water launches to a tremendous range of possible orbital inclinations -- from -100.5 deg to 1.5 deg. Being near the equator, it would provide the maximum assist from the earth's rotation for launches into equatorial orbits. The decision was formalized in April 1964 and in July 1966 ELDO chose the site for future launches of the Europa II launch vehicle. More...

Stromboli Chronology


1967 March 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA001. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-163 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1967 June 28 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA002.
  • FU-179 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1968 March 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA003.
  • FU-168 A-cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1968 March 28 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA004.
  • FU-168 B-cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1968 September 26 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E002. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FU-181 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1969 April 12 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E005.
  • FU-181B test flight test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi).

1969 April 23 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E003.
  • FU-187 test, A cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 420 km (260 mi).

1969 August 22 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E004.
  • FU-187 test, B cone test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1971 May 17 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E006.
  • FU-203 recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1971 September 14 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA005.
  • PHARE (FU-196) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1971 October 16 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E007 (FU-202).
  • ATLAS / CM16 / Gemini Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1972 December 7 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E009.
  • FU-205 JANUS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1973 November 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E008.
  • FU-201 (Solar EUV 2) Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1974 November 5 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E011A?.
  • FAUST FU-214 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1974 November 19 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E011B?.
  • FAUST FU-215 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1975 January 26 - . 02:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E012A.
  • ARAKS Northward Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1975 February 15 - . 01:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E012B.
  • ARAKS Eastward Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1978 November 23 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E015.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1979 February 8 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin. LV Configuration: Dauphin DA006.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1979 June 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E017.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1979 November 14 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan. LV Configuration: Eridan E016.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

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