Encyclopedia Astronautica
Strongarm



strongar.jpg
Strongarm
A large five-stage rocket developed by the Army Ballistics Research Laboratory with the cooperation of the University of Michigan. Consisted of an Honest John plus Nike plus Nike plus modified Recruit plus a scaled-down Sergeant. Fired first from Wallops Island on November 10, 1959. Could lift 6.8 kg to 1600 km.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Strongarm American test vehicle. A large five-stage rocket developed by the Army Ballistics Research Laboratory with the cooperation of the University of Michigan. Consisted of an Honest John plus Nike plus Nike plus modified Recruit plus a scaled-down Sergeant. Fired first from Wallops Island on November 10, 1959. Could lift 6.8 kg to 1600 km. More...
  • Strongarm 1 American test vehicle. Four stage vehicle consisting of 1 x M-6 + 1 x Nike + 1 x Nike + 1 x Recruit More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...

Strongarm Chronology


1959 November 10 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm OB11.01.
  • Ion density Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1959 November 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm OB11.02. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ion density Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1960 July 13 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm OB11.03. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 670 km (410 mi).

1960 July 14 - . 02:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm OB11.04. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 710 km (440 mi).

1960 August 2 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi).

1961 February 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm E22-H1-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Geodetic Flares test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1961 February 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm E22-H1-2.
  • Geodetic Flares test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA BRL. Apogee: 2,027 km (1,259 mi).

1961 July 27 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Strongarm. Launch Vehicle: Strongarm. LV Configuration: Strongarm-1 CRL AA11.501. FAILURE: Failure.
  • CWAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

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