Encyclopedia Astronautica
Test Pilot (USAF)


Category of persons.

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Associated People
  • Boyd Boyd, Albert (1906-1976) American test pilot, commanded Edwards AFB 1949-1951. More...
  • Stapp Stapp, John Paul (1910-1999) American USAF flight surgeon. In 1946-1958 pioneer research with rocket sleds and balloons; defined human tolerances for G-forces, altitude, and blast, essential data for design of aerospacecraft. Personally underwent the most grueling tests. More...
  • Ridley Ridley, Jack (1915-1957) American test pilot. Technical lead for pioneering rocketplanes at Edwards AFB 1946-1956. Killed in transport aircraft crash, 1957. More...
  • Nash Nash, J S American test pilot. Flew the X-4 # 2. More...
  • Bridgeman Bridgeman, William Barton (1916-1968) American test pilot, 1949-1960. Flew the D-558-2 rocketplane and X-3. Declared the latest "The Fastest Man Alive" in 1951. More...
  • White, Alvin White, Alvin Swauger (1918-2006) American test pilot, 1954-1967. Chief test pilot for the XB-70. More...
  • Walker, Joseph Walker, Joseph Albert (1921-1966) American NACA/NASA test pilot 1945-1966. Flew D-558, X-1, X-3, X-4, and X-5, and into space on X-15 Flights 77, 90, and 91. Killed in 1968 when the F-104 he was flying collided with the XB-70 during a photo opportunity. More...
  • Crossfield Crossfield, Albert Scott (1921-2006) Hispanic-American test pilot, 1950-1960. First man to reach Mach 2; first Hispanic test pilot. More...
  • Yeager Yeager, Charles E (1923-) Premier American test pilot. First person to break the sound barrier. Flew all of the pioneering jet and rocketplanes of the 1950's, by the 1990's had flown 201 types of military aircraft and more than 14,000 flying hours. More...
  • Childs Childs, Stuart Row (1923-2006) American test pilot. Flew the X-1B. More...
  • Apt, Milburn Apt, Milburn (1924-1956) Jewish-American test pilot, killed in 1956 air catastrophe with X-2 # 1. More...
  • White, Robert White, Robert Michael (1924-2010) American test pilot. First person to reach space in a rocketplane on X-15 Flight 62. More...
  • Rushworth Rushworth, Robert Aitken (1924-1993) American test pilot. Selected as X-15 pilot in 1958, he made the most X-15 flights and obtained astronaut wings on X-15 Flight 87. Flew 187 combat missions in Vietnam. More...
  • Kincheloe Kincheloe, Iven Carl (1928-1958) American test pilot, 1956-1958. Grew up Cassopolis, Michigan, son of an automotive engineer. Flew the X-2; killed in an F-104 crash, when it flamed out after take-off. More...
  • Fitzgerald Fitzgerald, James T (-1949) American test pilot. Second person to break the sound barrier on the XS-1 # 1. Killed in a flight accident not long after his XS-1 flight series. More...
  • Lundquist Lundquist, Gustav E American test pilot, flew the X-1 rocketplane. More...
  • Everest Everest, Frank K American test pilot. Flew 161 combat missions in WWII, shooting down six enemy aircraft. Flew the X-1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. More...
  • Fleming Fleming, Patrick Dawson (-1956) American test pilot, flew numerous test aircraft at Edwards AFB until killed in first crash of a B-52. More...
  • Johnson Johnson, Richard L American test pilot. Flew the XS-1 # 1 and X-4 # 2. More...
  • Murray Murray, Arthur 'Kit' American test pilot. Flew the X-1A, X-1B and X-5 # 1. More...
  • Hanes Hanes, Horace A (-2002) American test pilot. Grew up in Bellflower, Indiana. Flew the X-1B. More...
  • Harer Harer, Richard James American test pilot. Flew the X-1B. More...

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