Encyclopedia Astronautica
UR-100N



ur100nx3.jpg
UR-100N ICBM
UR-100N ICBM Versions
Credit: © Mark Wade
The UR-100N was designed as a replacement for the UR-100 at the end of its ten year storage life. Although it could be installed in the same silos, it was 50% heavier. The competing design of Yangel, the MR-UR-100, was also put into production when the Soviet hierarchy deadlocked and could not pick one design over the other.

Chief Designer Vladimir Chelomei began development of the UR-100N in 1967 as a replacement for his UR-100, the most widely deployed Soviet ICBM. He conceived of a modernised 8K84M capable of launching six independently-targeted nuclear warheads. Chief Designer Yangel at KB Yuzhnoye was promoting an alternate UR-100 replacement, his MR-UR-100. The competition between the two chief designers led to a drama universally remarked upon in memoirs of Soviet rocketeers. Both design bureaux had powerful supporters in the Soviet leadership, and no consensus could be reached as to which missile to put into production. Chelomei was supported by leadership figures Grechko, Afanasyev, and designers Sergeyev, Barmin, Baryshev and V Kuznetsov. The Yuzhnoye design was supported by Central Committee Secretary Ustinov, head of the VPK Military-Industrial Commission Smirnov, Mozhorin, Tyulin, and designers Glushko, and Pilyugin.

Keldysh headed an expert commission to select a design, but the split within the technical community resulted in a deadlock. Premier Brezhnev finally made the Solomonic but extremely expensive decision at a leadership meeting at Stalin's old dacha at Yalta -- both would be built and deployed.

Decrees authorising full development of the missile and silo were issued on 2 September 1969 and 19 August 1970. The missile was to feature a manoeuvrable post-boost bus for dispensing of warheads and countermeasures on different trajectories; a digital guidance system by V Sergeyev at NII-692; and shock mounting of the missile in the silo to improve survivability and the allow it to ride out an enemy counter-force nuclear attack. The rocket itself was increased in diameter to 2.41 m. The second stage engine was completely 'submerged' in the fuel tank, to allow the maximum missile mass to be packed into the existing UR-100 silos. This nearly tripled payload compared to the original UR-100. Baryshev at TsKBM Filial 2 designed the silo modifications. The new universal missile command point was designed by Krivoshein and Aksyutin at TsKB TM. The miniature nuclear warheads were the product of NII-1011 at Chelyabinsk-70.

Test flights began on 9 April 1973 at Baikonur. The last of 27 test launches were completed in October 1975. During the series tests were made with 1, 4, and 6 warhead configurations. The first regiment became active with the missile at Pervomaisk on 26 April 1975. The missile was formally accepted by the military on 30 December 1975. The first regiment with improved 'super-hardened' silos, able to resist overpressures of up to 450 atmospheres, became operational at Tatischevo on 18 December 1976. By 1979 240 missiles had been deployed. The INS, based on that developed for the R-36M by NPO Kharton, provided an 0.26 km CEP.

In service the missiles received a minor inspection and preventive maintenance visit every three months. A major inspection and maintenance is conducted every three years. The UR-100N was launched a total of 67 times by the year 2000. These included regular service launches to verify the missile's guaranteed life. In November 1994 a missile was launched successfully after 18 years in its storage container. A 10 June 1997 a twenty-year old missile, moved in its container from a silo in Kozelsk, was launched from Baikonur, followed by a 22 year old missile on 7 October 1998. These tests resulted in the missile being certified for 25 years life in 1999, which would allow field use of the UR-100N to 2010. There was every expectation that this could be extended to 30 years.

With the collapse of the Soviet Union, 130 UR-100N's at Khmelnitskiy and Pervomaisk had their warheads removed. The rockets themselves were returned to Russia between 29 August 1996 and February 1999. By September 1998 120 of the Ukrainian silos had been destroyed. The missile remained in service in 160 silos in Kozelsk (70) and Tatishchevo (90).

More... - Chronology...


Associated Spacecraft
  • Radio Russian amateur radio communications satellite. 9 launches, 1978.10.26 (Radio Sputnik 1) to 1994.12.26 (Radio-ROSTO RS-15). More...
  • Strela-3 Russian military store-dump communications satellite. Operational, first launch 1985.01.15. Said to have initially been developed for the GRU. More...
  • LM 700 American communications satellite. 98 launches, 1997.05.05 (Iridium 8) to 2002.06.20 (Iridium SV98 ). The LM 700 had its first use in the Iridium system, a commercial communications network comprised of a minimum of 66 LEO spacecraft. More...
  • Simsat Russian technology satellite. 2 launched, 2000.05.16. 660 kg dummy satellite. More...
  • GRACE American earth geodetic satellite. 2 launched, 2002.03.17 (GRACE 1 ) and (GRACE 2 ). The GRACE mission was to accurately map variations in the Earth's gravity field over its 5-year lifetime. More...
  • Mimosa Czech earth atmosphere satellite. One launch, 2003.06.30. Satellite by the Czech Astronomical Institute for study of the density of the upper atmosphere using the sensitive Macek accelerometer. More...
  • Monitor Russian earth land resources satellite. 2 launches, 2003.06.30 (Monitor-E/SL) and 2005.08.26 (Monitor-E). More...
  • Most Canadian visible astronomy satellite. One launch, 2003.06.30. MOST was a suitcase-sized microsatellite designed to probe stars and extrasolar planets by measuring tiny light variations undetectable from Earth. More...
  • Cubesat American low-cost nanosatellite bus. Used in dozens of launches, the first on 2003.06.30. More...
  • SERVIS Japanese technology satellite. First launch 2003.10.30. More...
  • Cryosat European earth resources radar satellite. CryoSat carried a radar altimeter to acquire accurate measurements of the thickness of floating sea ice so that annual variations could be detected. More...
  • KOMPSAT-2 South Korean civilian surveillance satellite. One launch, 2006.07.28, Kompsat 2. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • UR-100N Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. The UR-100N was designed as a replacement for the UR-100 at the end of its ten year storage life. Although it could be installed in the same silos, it was 50% heavier. The competing design of Yangel, the MR-UR-100, was also put into production when the Soviet hierarchy deadlocked and could not pick one design over the other. More...
  • UR-100NU Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. Development of an improved version of the UR-100N was authorised on 16 April 1976 (UR-100NU; U = UTTKh = 'Improved Technical-Tactical Characteristics). Viktor Bugaisk at TsKBM headed the engineering team. The UR-100NU was to have a new warhead dispenser bus and improved guidance system by Vladimir Sergeyev of NII-692. The new system allowed up to six pre-programmed targets to be entered, any one of which could be selected at launch. This allowed deployment of better countermeasures and a considerable improvement in accuracy. More...
  • Rokot Russian all-solid orbital launch vehicle, consisting of decommissioned UR-100N ICBMs with a Briz-KM upper stage. More...
  • Rokot K Russian all-solid orbital launch vehicle. Version with Briz-K upper stage. More...
  • Strela Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. Launch vehicle by NPO MASH based on UR-100N's decommissioned from Ukrainian missile fields. 106 tonne liftoff mass. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Baikonur Russia's largest cosmodrome, the only one used for manned launches and with facilities for the larger Proton, N1, and Energia launch vehicles. The spaceport ended up on foreign soil after the break-up of Soviet Union. The official designations NIIP-5 and GIK-5 are used in official Soviet histories. It was also universally referred to as Tyuratam by both Soviet military staff and engineers, and the US intelligence agencies. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation has insisted on continued use of the old Soviet 'public' name of Baikonur. In its Kazakh (Kazak) version this is rendered Baykonur. More...
  • Plesetsk Plesetsk was the Soviet Union's northern cosmodrome, used for polar orbit launches of mainly military satellites, and was at one time the busiest launch centre in the world. The collapse of the Soviet Union put the main launch site of Baikonur in Kazakh territory. It now seems that once the Proton rocket is retired, Baikonur will be abandoned and Plesetsk will be Russia's primary launch centre. Upgrades to existing launch facilities will allow advanced versions of the Soyuz rocket and the new Angara launch vehicle to be launched from Plesetsk. Plesetsk's major drawback was the lower net payload in geosynchronous orbit from a northern latitude launch site. However Russia is planning to remove the disadvantage by looping geosynchronous satellites around the moon, using lunar gravity to make the necessary orbital plane change. More...
  • Tatishchevo Headquarters of an RVSN Division, 1964-present. Base for units deployed with 110 light ICBM silos (UR-100/UR-100N) and later ten RT-23 mobile ICBM launchers. A single live launch was known to have been made from here in 1987, reaching 1000 km altitude. More...

UR-100N Chronology


1968 January 23 - . LV Family: MR-UR-100; N1; RT-2; UR-100N.
1969 May 29 - . LV Family: MR-UR-100; N1; Proton; UR-100N; UR-700.
  • N1 State Commission - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Barmin; Afanasyev, Sergei; Smirnov; Tyulin; Bushuyev; Pashkov; Okhapkin; Yangel; Chelomei; Nadiradze; Keldysh. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: LK; Soyuz 7K-L1A; Soyuz 7K-LOK; Aelita. Over two days a State Commission reviewed all of the conclusions of the N1 3L failure investigation and the readiness of N1 5L for flight. All of the fixes identified to remedy the 3L failure had been incorporated into 5L. It was felt that the behaviour of the systems in fire conditions were understood and appropriate measures had been taken. The wiring had been rerouted and insulated. Barmin wanted the system not to shut down any engines under any conditions during the first 15-20 seconds of flight, so that the booster would clear the pad and there would be no risk of the pad's destruction. But there was no time to develop such measures before the 5L launch; it could only be added in vehicle 6L. Additional Details: here....

1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mod 1 state trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1972 September 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mod 1 state trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1973 April 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Mod 2 state trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 June 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 July 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 August 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 September 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 September 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 October 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 November 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 December 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 December 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Mod 1 state trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 January 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 January 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 July 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 June 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1975 July 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 May 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1976 August 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1976 December 14 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1976 December 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 September 28 - . LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • First UR-100NU launch. - . Nation: USSR.

1977 October 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 December 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 January 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 January 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 September 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 June 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 June 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 December 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S. FAILURE: Failure.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 September 2 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 December 6 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • UBP - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 February 12 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Trajectory Test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 June 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 February 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 March 29 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35P.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 November 20 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC131. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. LV Configuration: Rokot-K No. 1L.
  • Naryad-V - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VKS. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi). Summary: Noted as a suborbital test mission; but one Russian source indicates the payload was a Naryad-V satellite. That would indicate a failure to achieve orbit. No other information is available on the 'Naryad-V'..

1990 December 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35P.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 August 15 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 November 26 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35P.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 December 20 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: LC175/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. LV Configuration: Rokot-K No. 3L.
  • Grand Prix test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: VKS. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 July 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35P.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 December 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1993 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 December 26 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/59. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. LV Configuration: Rokot-K No. 4L.
  • Radio-ROSTO RS-15 - . Payload: RS-15. Mass: 70 kg (154 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Radio. USAF Sat Cat: 23439 . COSPAR: 1994-085A. Apogee: 2,151 km (1,336 mi). Perigee: 1,894 km (1,176 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 127.70 min.

1995 June 8 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 June 6 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1997 June 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 October 7 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 December 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 October 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: LC175/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 May 16 - . 08:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. Launch Pad: LC133/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Simsat-1 - . Mass: 657 kg (1,448 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Eurockot. Manufacturer: Chelomei. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Simsat. USAF Sat Cat: 26365 . COSPAR: 2000-026A. Apogee: 562 km (350 mi). Perigee: 543 km (337 mi). Inclination: 86.3707 deg. Period: 95.62 min. First Rokot flight from Plesetsk, using a launch pad originally used for Kosmos rockets. The two-stage modified UR-100NUTTKh ICBM, delivered a Briz-KM upper stage to a suborbital trajectory. The first Briz burn was to an approximately 200 x 550 km transfer orbit; the second burn circularized at apogee. It placed two 660 kg dummy satellites in orbits similar to the parking orbit was used for the defunct Iridium program. The Briz-KM stage then made a third burn to lower its perigee to a 178 x 556 km x 86.4 deg disposal orbit.
  • Simsat-2 - . Mass: 657 kg (1,448 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Eurockot. Manufacturer: Chelomei. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Simsat. USAF Sat Cat: 26366 . COSPAR: 2000-026B. Apogee: 557 km (346 mi). Perigee: 545 km (339 mi). Inclination: 86.3670 deg. Period: 95.59 min.

2000 November 1 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU. LV Configuration: UR-100NU 15A35 87.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 June 27 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC132. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • OT (KGCh-2?) operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 October 26 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: LC175/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2002 March 17 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. Launch Pad: LC133/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • GRACE 1 - . Payload: ESSP-2A, 'Tom'. Mass: 432 kg (952 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR; NASA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft: GRACE. USAF Sat Cat: 27391 . COSPAR: 2002-012A. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 446 km (277 mi). Inclination: 89.0000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. First commercial flight of Rokot booster. Launch delayed from November 23-30, 2001, February 27, March 15 and 16. The Briz-KM upper stage ignited 5 minutes after launch and after a ten minute burn reached a 300 x 500 km orbit at about 0936 UTC. A second burn at 1042 UTC placed the satellites in a 483 x 506 km x 89 deg orbit; the two GRACE gravimetric satellites separated from the dispenser at 1047 UTC. A third Briz burn then lowered the rocket stage orbit to 146 x 487 km x 89 deg so that it would reenter quickly.
  • GRACE 2 - . Mass: 432 kg (952 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR; NASA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft: GRACE. USAF Sat Cat: 27392 . COSPAR: 2002-012B. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 445 km (276 mi). Inclination: 89.0000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Summary: Gravimetry, Climatology first commercial flight delayed from November23-30, 2001, February27, March15 and 16. .

2002 June 20 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. LV Configuration: Rokot 492882034.
  • Iridium SV97 - . Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27450 . COSPAR: 2002-031A. Apogee: 669 km (415 mi). Perigee: 659 km (409 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.00 min. Summary: Launch delayed from June 6, 19. The two Iridium replacement mobile telephone satellites were owned by Iridium Satellite LLC, the successor to bankrupt Iridium LLC..
  • Iridium SV98 - . Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed; Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27451 . COSPAR: 2002-031B. Apogee: 666 km (413 mi). Perigee: 658 km (408 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.

2002 December 10 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC132. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • OT 6RVs operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Suborbital ICBM test with dummy warhead. Test delayed from November 1, December 5..

2003 June 30 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. LV Configuration: Rokot / Briz-KM.
  • DTUSAT - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Denmark. Agency: Danish Technical University. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27842 . COSPAR: 2003-031C. Apogee: 831 km (516 mi). Perigee: 816 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: Danish cubesat DTUSat remained silent after release despite several attempts to contact it. Carried a 450-meter copper wire tether for lowering the satellite orbit..
  • CubeSat XI-IV - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Tokyo. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27848 . COSPAR: 2003-031J. Apogee: 833 km (517 mi). Perigee: 818 km (508 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: Cubesat XI carried technology tests for the University of Tokyo..
  • CanX-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Toronto. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27847 . COSPAR: 2003-031H. Apogee: 831 km (516 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: CanX-1, from the University of Toronto, carried a camera for attitude determination..
  • AAU Cubesat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Denmark. Agency: Aalborg. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27846 . COSPAR: 2003-031G. Apogee: 831 km (516 mi). Perigee: 816 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: Aalborg University successfully contacted its AAU-Cubesat nanosatellite after it was separated. It carried a 100-meter-resolution Earth imaging camera..
  • Quakesat - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: QuakeFinder. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27845 . COSPAR: 2003-031F. Apogee: 834 km (518 mi). Perigee: 820 km (500 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: The Stanford University/Quakesat LLC Quakesat was to be used for detection of ELF radio emissions from seismic activity..
  • Most - . Mass: 66 kg (145 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Class: Astronomy. Type: Astroseismology satellite. Spacecraft: Most. USAF Sat Cat: 27843 . COSPAR: 2003-031D. Apogee: 834 km (518 mi). Perigee: 818 km (508 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: MOST (Microvariability and Oscillations of Stars) was a Canadian Space Agency project with a 0.15m telescope which would make photometric observations of stars down to mag 6 with 1 part per million accuracy in the 3500-7000 Angstrom band..
  • Mimosa - . Mass: 51 kg (112 lb). Nation: Czech Republic. Agency: KVR. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Mimosa. USAF Sat Cat: 27841 . COSPAR: 2003-031B. Apogee: 829 km (515 mi). Perigee: 316 km (196 mi). Inclination: 96.8000 deg. Period: 96.10 min. Summary: Mimosa was a 65 kg polyhedron built by Space Devices Ltd. of Praha, and operated by the Astronomical Insitute of the Czech Academy of Sciences (Astronomicky ustav AV CR). It carried an accelerometer to study atmospheric density..
  • Cute-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: TIT. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27844 . COSPAR: 2003-031E. Apogee: 833 km (517 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Summary: CUTE-I carried engineering test equipment and was built by the Tokyo Institute of Technology..
  • Monitor-E/SL - . Payload: Monitor E Mock-up. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Monitor. USAF Sat Cat: 27840 . COSPAR: 2003-031A. Apogee: 835 km (518 mi). Perigee: 694 km (431 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 100.10 min. Summary: Delayed from October 2002, April 2003. Monitor-E mass model not released..

2003 October 30 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. LV Configuration: Rokot 4921921121.
  • Servis-1 - . Mass: 840 kg (1,850 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: USEF. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SERVIS. USAF Sat Cat: 28060 . COSPAR: 2003-050A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 984 km (611 mi). Inclination: 99.5000 deg. Period: 105.10 min. The mission of the 'Space Environment Reliability Verification of Integrated System' was to flight test a range of commerical-grade spacecraft components including a computer, star tracker, battery, and laser gyro. The objective was to lower the cost of future satellites.

2003 December 5 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Strela.
  • Payload Mockup - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. USAF Sat Cat: 28098 . COSPAR: 2003-055A. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi). Perigee: 454 km (282 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Summary: Originally reported as an ICBM test. A Reuters story, later confirmed, claimed it was the first orbital launch of the Strela version of the rocket..

2004 February 18 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Launched during a nationwide military exercise..

2004 August 11 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2005 August 26 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Monitor-E - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Chelomei. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Monitor. USAF Sat Cat: 28822 . COSPAR: 2005-032A. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Summary: Delayed from June 30, July 30, August 18 2005. Prototype lightweight earth monitoring satellite with 8-meter and 20-meter resolution cameras..

2005 October 8 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. FAILURE: The first stage burned to depletion due to a missing command in the software sequence. This resulted in the second stage failing to separate.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • CryoSat - . Mass: 717 kg (1,580 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Earth. Type: Sea satellite. Spacecraft: CryoSat. COSPAR: F20051008A. Summary: ESA Earth Explorer 1 mission failed to orbit. The satellite was to have used radar altimetry for environmental survey of polar ice with great accuracy. Delayed from November 2004, March 25, June 24, July 11, September 15 and 27, 2005..

2005 October 20 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: LC175/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • OT Kura - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2006 July 28 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. LV Configuration: Rokot s/n 9.
  • Kompsat 2 - . Payload: Arirang-2. Mass: 798 kg (1,759 lb). Nation: Korea South. Agency: KARI. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: KOMPSAT-2. USAF Sat Cat: 29268 . COSPAR: 2006-031A. Apogee: 701 km (435 mi). Perigee: 676 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. Summary: Carried a 1-meter-resolution Earth surveillance camera...

2006 November 9 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: LC175/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2007 October 29 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: LC175/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 May 23 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Yubileyniy - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32953 . COSPAR: 2008-025A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Summary: Test satellite with an amateur radio payload to commemorate (belatedly) the 50th anniversary of Sputnik..
  • Cosmos 2437 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32954 . COSPAR: 2008-025B. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min. Summary: Three Gonets store/dump communications satellites lofted in a single launch..
  • Cosmos 2438 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32955 . COSPAR: 2008-025C. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2439 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32956 . COSPAR: 2008-025D. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.

2008 October 22 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Kura OT - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2009 March 17 - . 14:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • GOCE - . Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: GOCE. USAF Sat Cat: 34602 . COSPAR: 2009-013A. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 96.6000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: Gravity-Field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer. Carried a gravity gradiometer..

2009 July 6 - . 01:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2451 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 35498 . COSPAR: 2009-036A. Apogee: 1,507 km (936 mi). Perigee: 1,499 km (931 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2452 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 35499 . COSPAR: 2009-036B. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,498 km (930 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2453 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 35500 . COSPAR: 2009-036C. Apogee: 1,505 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.

2009 November 2 - . 01:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • SMOS - . Nation: Europe. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 36036 . COSPAR: 2009-059A. Apogee: 760 km (470 mi). Perigee: 759 km (471 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 100.00 min. Summary: Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity mission, obtaining climate-related data using a microwave aperture-synthesis interferometer..
  • PROBA-2 - . Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft: MiniSil. USAF Sat Cat: 36037 . COSPAR: 2009-059B. Apogee: 729 km (452 mi). Perigee: 709 km (440 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Summary: Project for On-Board Autonomy technology satellite..

2010 June 2 - . 01:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Servis 2 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: KVR. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Servis. USAF Sat Cat: 36588 . COSPAR: 2010-023A. Apogee: 1,212 km (753 mi). Perigee: 1,185 km (736 mi). Inclination: 100.4000 deg. Period: 109.40 min. Summary: Space Environment Reliability Verification Integrated System to test usability of off-the-shelf commercial components in place of space-qualified hardware..

2010 September 8 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. LV Configuration: Rokot/Briz-KM.
  • Cosmos 2467 - . Payload: Kosmos-2467. Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37152 . COSPAR: 2010-043A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,495 km (928 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Summary: Military store-dump communications satellite..
  • Strela 3 - . Payload: Gonets-M. Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37153 . COSPAR: 2010-043B. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.10 min. Summary: Civilian store-dump communications satellite..
  • Cosmos 2468 - . Payload: Kosmos-2468. Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37154 . COSPAR: 2010-043C. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Summary: Military store-dump communications satellite..

2011 February 1 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2470 - . Payload: Geo-IK-2 No. 11. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 37362 . COSPAR: 2011-005A. Apogee: 1,030 km (640 mi). Perigee: 302 km (187 mi). Inclination: 99.5000 deg. Period: 98.10 min. Summary: Stranded in transfer orbit when the Rokot launch vehicle's Briz-KM upper stage failed to restart for its second burn..

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use