Encyclopedia Astronautica
ISS EO-27


ISS long-term residence mission. Crew: Samokutyayev; Borisenko; Garan. Backup crew: Shkaplerov; Ivanishin; Burbank. Return delayed eight days after failure of Progress M-12M to reach orbit. Communications dropout after retrofire created concern for the crew, but they landed safely.

Mission consisted of:

  • Launch of two ISS EO-27 Russian crewmembers and one NASA crewmember aboard the Soyuz TMA-21 spacecraft
  • Docking of the Soyuz TMA-21 spacecraft to the Poisk Mini Research Module (MRM2)
  • Operational support for loading and undocking of Progress M-09M from the Pirs (DC-1) Module
  • Operational support for docking of Progress M-10M to the Pirs (DC-1) Module
  • Operational support if required for docking of the LON (Shuttle rescue vehicle to save the crew of Shuttle ULF-6 if required)
  • Partial unloading of Progress M-10M vehicle
  • Operational support for loading and undocking of the ATV-2 vehicle from the SM IC module
  • Operational support for loading and undocking of the Soyuz TMA-20 spacecraft from the Rassvet Mini
  • Research Module MRM1 for return to the Earth of the three ISS EO-26 crewmembers
  • Support of the Space Station maintenance and operations
  • Performance of the science and application research program and experiments
  • Performance of one EVA from Russian Segment
  • Support of rendezous of the Soyuz TMA-02M spacecraft with the ISS EO-28 crew of one Russian, one NASA, and one JAXA crewmember
  • Support of docking of Soyuz TMA-02M spacecraft to Mini Research Module Rassvet (MRM1)
  • Operational support for docking to SM IC and unloading of Progress M-11M cargo vehicle
  • Final unloading of Progress M-10M cargo vehicle
  • Operational support for loading and undocking of Progress M-11M cargo vehicle
  • Operational support for docking to SM IC and partial unloading of Progress M-12M cargo vehicle was planned, but called off when Progress M-12M failed to reach orbit
  • Operational support for loading and undocking Soyuz TMA-21 spacecraft from Mini Research Module Pirs (MRM2), followed by return to the Earth of the three ISS EO-27 crewmembers

AKA: Soyuz TMA-21;Tarkhany.
First Launch: 2011.04.04.
Last Launch: 2011.09.16.
Duration: 164.24 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Borisenko Borisenko, Mikahil Ivanovich (1917-1984) Russian designer of missile radio control systems, 1946-1975 developed radio control systems for R-1, R-2, R-5, and R-7 missiles and satellites at the Moscow Scientific Research Radio Technical Institute (MPSS). Director of MPSS 1975-1984. More...
  • Burbank Burbank, Daniel Christopher (1961-) American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-106, STS-115. More...
  • Garan Garan, Ronald John Jr (1961-) American pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-124, ISS EO-27. More...
  • Ivanishin Ivanishin, Anatoli Alekseyevich (1969-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2003-on. Ivanishin was a Captain in the Russian Air Force at Petrozavodsk when selected. A senior fighter pilot with the VVS, he had flown MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters. Russian Air Force More...
  • Samokutyayev Samokutyayev, Aleksandr Mikhailovich (1970-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2003-on. Flew on ISS EO-27. More...
  • Shkaplerov Shkaplerov, Anton Nikolayevich (1972-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2003-on. More...

See also
Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

ISS EO-27 Chronology


2011 April 4 - . 22:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-21 - . Call Sign: Tarkhany / Gagarin. Crew: Samokutyayev; Borisenko; Garan. Backup Crew: Shkaplerov; Ivanishin; Burbank. Payload: Soyuz 7K-STMA s/n 231. Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-27; ISS EO-26. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 164.24 days. Decay Date: 2011-09-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 37382 . COSPAR: 2011-012A. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 343 km (213 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. ISS EO-27 crew. The Soyuz docked at the Poisk module of the ISS at 23:09 GMT on 6 April, and undocked at 00:38 GMT on 16 September 2011, eight days later than planned due to the Progress M-11M launch failure. A dropout of communications after the reentry burn caused concern, but the crew landed safely in Kazakhstan at 03:59 GMT.

2011 April 27 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Progress M-10M - . Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-27; ISS EO-26. Spacecraft: Progress M. Decay Date: 2011-10-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 37396 . COSPAR: 2011-017A. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 343 km (213 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Summary: Docked with the ISS Pirs module at 14:28 GMT on 29 April..

2011 May 16 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Shuttle s/n OV105 / ET s/n ET-122 / RSRM-113.
  • STS-134 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Kelly, Mark; Johnson, Gregory H; Fincke; Chamitoff; Feustel; Vittori. Payload: Endeavour F25 / ELC-3 / AMS-02. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-134; ISS EO-27. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 15.74 days. Decay Date: 2011-06-01 . COSPAR: 2011-020A. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi). Perigee: 337 km (209 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. Final space station assembly mission. Also delivered spare parts. Endeavour docked with the Station at 10:14 GMT on 18 May. The ELC-3 carrier was unberthed from the shuttle at 13:27 GMT and installed on the Station's truss at 16:09 GMT. The AMS-02 Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer was unberthed at 06:59 GMT on 19 May and bolted to the Station's S3 truss at 09:46 GMT. Cargo Bay Manifest:
    • External Airlock/ODS: 1800 kg
    • EMU spacesuits 3004, 3018: 260
    • RMS arm 201: 410 kg
    • Orbiter Boom Sensor System: 382 kg
    • Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (particle detector to search for antimatter): 6917
    • STORRM (lidar to test rendezvous and docking technology for the Orion spacecraft): 17 kg
    • PPSU-2 electronics box: 17 kg
    • SPDU: 17 kg kg
    • ROEU 755 umbilical for ELC-3: 90 kg
    • ROEU 751 umbilical for AMS-02: 78 kg
    • MISSE carriers (3): 171 kg
    • MISSE 8 experiment (studies the effect of exposing various materials to space): 45 kg
    • Express Logistics Carrier:
      • ELC-3 plus support hardware: 3207 kg
      • Cargo Transport Container: 476 kg
      • SASA-2R S-band antenna: 116 kg
      • SASA-3R S-band antenna: 116 kg
      • SPDM Arm 3/OCTM: 342 kg
      • SPDM support hardware: 269 kg
      • HPGA oxygen tank: 552 kg
      • ATA-2 ammonia tank: 772 kg
      • STP-H3 experiment package (set of US DoD Space Test Program experiments, including thermal control systems and space environment sensors): 500 kg
    • Total Payload: 16,554 kg

2011 May 20 - .
  • EVA STS-134-1 - . Crew: Feustel; Chamitoff. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.26 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-134; ISS EO-27. Summary: Retrueved MISSE 7 experiments and replaced them with MISSE 8, and performed maintenance on the station exterior..

2011 May 22 - .
  • EVA STS-134-2 - . Crew: Feustel; Fincke. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.34 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-134; ISS EO-27; ISS EO-26. Summary: Refilled P5 truss radiators with ammonia and completed ammonia system venting. Lubricated SARJ and Dextre..

2011 May 25 - .
  • EVA STS-134-3 - . Crew: Feustel; Fincke. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.29 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-134; ISS EO-27. Summary: Installed grapple for Canadarm2 on Zarya..

2011 May 28 - .
  • EVA STS-134-4 - . Crew: Fincke; Chamitoff. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.31 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-134; ISS EO-27. Summary: Moved the Orbiter Boom Sensor System from the shuttle to an ISS truss. Completed other external work on the Dextre arm and the PMM module. This EVA completed assembly of the US segment of the ISS..

2011 June 7 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-02M - . Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-28; ISS EO-27. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. USAF Sat Cat: 37633 . COSPAR: 2011-023A. Apogee: 403 km (250 mi). Perigee: 374 km (232 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Summary: Carried the EO-28 crew to the station. Docked with the ISS at the Rassvet on 9 June at 21:18 GMT..

2011 June 21 - . 14:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Progress M-11M - . Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-28; ISS EO-27. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 71.79 days. Decay Date: 2011-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 37679 . COSPAR: 2011-027A. Apogee: 383 km (237 mi). Perigee: 343 km (213 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. ISS resupply. Also carried the 40 kg Chibis satellite. Docked with the Zvezda module of the ISS on 23 June at 16:37 GMT. Undocked from Zvezda at 09:38 GMT on 23 August. After several maneuvers to carry out the Radar-4 experiment, deorbited over the Pacific at 09:34 GMT on 1 September.

2011 July 8 - . 15:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • STS-135 - . Payload: Atlantis F33 / Rafaello MPLM-2. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-135; ISS EO-27; ISS EO-28. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 12.77 days. Decay Date: 2011-07-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 37736 . COSPAR: 2011-031A. Apogee: 385 km (239 mi). Perigee: 371 km (230 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Final Space Shuttle flight, denoting the end of the space age. Atlantis docked with the Harmony module of the ISS on 10 June at 15:07 GMT. Primary payload was the Raffaello MultiPurpose Logistics Module delivering consumables and spare parts to the station sufficient to support the six crew members through the end of 2012 should delays occur in NASA's commercial robotic resupply program. Main crew task while docked with the station was to unload Rafaello and return of the station's failed coolant Pump Module for analysis. Atlantis undocked on 19 July at 06:28 GMT. The Picosat Solar Cell Experiment satellite was released from the cargo bay on 20 July. Atlantis made the final shuttle landing at the Kennedy Space Center on 21 July at 09:57 GMT. Payload delivered was:
    • External Airlock/ODS: 1800 kg
    • EMU spacesuits 3015, 3006: 260 kg
    • RMS arm 301: 410 kg
    • Orbiter Boom Sensor System: 382 kg
    • MPLM-2 Rafaello: 11,556 kg
    • SPDU: 17 kg
    • ROEU 755 umbilical for MPLM: 78 kg
    • Lightweight MPESS Carrier: 1050 kg
    • Robotic Refuelling Mission: 300 kg
    • Picosat Launcher: 22 kg
    • PSSC-2/MTV Aerospace Corporation Picosat Solar Cell Experiment satellite: 4 kg
    • Total payload: 15,879 kg

2011 July 12 - .
  • EVA STS-135-1 - . Crew: Fossum; Garan. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-135; ISS EO-27; ISS EO-28. Summary: Final EVA from a shuttle. The astronauts moved a failed pump module to the shuttle bay, and deployed several experiments on the outside of the ISS..

2011 August 3 - .
  • EVA ISS EO-27-1 - . EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-27; ISS EO-28. Cosmonauts Volkov and Samokutyaev, in Orlan suits, entered space from the Pirs module. They deployed the RadioSkaf-V amateur radio satellite and installed the BTLS-N lasercom terminal on the Zvezda module and the Biorisk-MSN exposure package outside the Pirs module.

2011 August 24 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. FAILURE: Five minutes and 25 seconds into flight, during the burn of the booster's third stage, the engine's gas generator failed and the engine shut down. The upper stage and spacecraft crashed in the Gorno-Altai region.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Progress M-12M - . Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-27; ISS EO-28. Spacecraft: Progress M. COSPAR: 2011-0F03. ISS resupply mission. The Progress M failed to reach orbit. Five minutes and 25 seconds into flight, during the burn of the booster's third stage, the engine's gas generator failed and the engine shut down. The upper stage and spacecraft crashed in the Gorno-Altai region of Russia. First ever failure of a Progress spacecraft to dock with a space station in its 135-mission history. The six crew aboard the ISS had sufficient supplies, but the mishap delayed the launch of the Expedition 29 replacement crew until the cause of the failure was understood and the Soyuz launch vehicle cleared again for manned launches. The return to Earth of the first half of the Expedition 28 crew has also delayed to mid-September, meaning the station would be reduced to a three-person crew for a time.

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