Encyclopedia Astronautica
ISS EO-28


ISS long-term residence mission. Crew: Volkov, Sergey; Fossum; Furukawa. Backup crew: Kononenko; Pettit; Kuipers. This crew manned the station alone for six weeks due to the failure of the Soyuz launch vehicle carrying Progress M-12M and the subsequent delay in the launch of the Soyuz EO-29 crew to replace the departed Soyuz EO-27 crew.

Mission consisted of:

  • Launch of the Soyuz TMA-02M spacecraft with the ISS EO-28 crew of one Russian, one NASA, and one JAXA crewmember
  • Docking of Soyuz TMA-02M spacecraft to Mini Research Module Rassvet (MRM1)
  • Operational support for docking to SM IC and unloading of Progress M-11M cargo vehicle
  • Final unloading of Progress M-10M cargo vehicle
  • Operational support for loading and undocking of Progress M-11M cargo vehicle
  • Operational support for docking to SM IC and partial unloading of Progress M-12M cargo vehicle was planned, but called off when Progress M-12M failed to reach orbit
  • Operational support for loading and undocking Soyuz TMA-21 spacecraft from Mini Research Module Pirs (MRM2), followed by return to the Earth of the three ISS EO-27 crewmembers
  • Support of rendezvous of two ISS-29 Russian crewmembers and one NASA crewmember by Soyuz TMA-22 spacecraft
  • Support of docking of Soyuz TMA-22 spacecraft to Mini Research Module Poisk (MRM2)
  • Operational support for loading and undocking of Progress M-10M from Module Pirs (DC-1)
  • Operational support for docking of Progress M-13M to the Module Pirs (DC-1)
  • Partial unloading of Progress M-13M vehicle
  • Loading and undocking of the Soyuz TMA-02M spacecraft from Mini Research Module MRM1 Rassvet
  • Return to the Earth of the three ISS-EO-28 crewmember
  • Support of the Space Station operations and maintenance
  • Performance of the science and application research program and experiments

AKA: Soyuz TMA-02M.
First Launch: 2011.06.07.
Duration: 175.00 days.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Pettit Pettit, Donald Roy (1955-) American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-6, STS-126. First NASA astronaut to return to earth in a Russian spacecraft. More...
  • Fossum Fossum, Michael Edward (1957-) American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-121, STS-124, ISS EO-28. More...
  • Kuipers Kuipers, Andre (1958-) Dutch engineer cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS Delta. More...
  • Kononenko, O D Kononenko, Oleg Dmitriyevich (1964-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-17. More...
  • Furukawa Furukawa, Satoshi (1964-) Japanese physician mission specialist astronaut, 1999-on. Underwent cosmonaut training in Russia, then Astronaut training in USA. Flew on ISS EO-28. More...
  • Volkov, Sergey Volkov, Sergey Aleksandrovich (1973-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-17, ISS EO-28. Son of cosmonaut Aleksandr Volkov. More...

See also
Associated Programs
  • ISS Finally completed in 2010 after a torturous 25-year development and production process, the International Space Station was originally conceived as the staging post for manned exploration of the solar systrem. Instead, it was seemed to be the death knell of manned spaceflight. More...

ISS EO-28 Chronology


2011 June 7 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-02M - . Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-28; ISS EO-27. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. USAF Sat Cat: 37633 . COSPAR: 2011-023A. Apogee: 403 km (250 mi). Perigee: 374 km (232 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Summary: Carried the EO-28 crew to the station. Docked with the ISS at the Rassvet on 9 June at 21:18 GMT..

2011 June 21 - . 14:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Progress M-11M - . Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-28; ISS EO-27. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 71.79 days. Decay Date: 2011-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 37679 . COSPAR: 2011-027A. Apogee: 383 km (237 mi). Perigee: 343 km (213 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. ISS resupply. Also carried the 40 kg Chibis satellite. Docked with the Zvezda module of the ISS on 23 June at 16:37 GMT. Undocked from Zvezda at 09:38 GMT on 23 August. After several maneuvers to carry out the Radar-4 experiment, deorbited over the Pacific at 09:34 GMT on 1 September.

2011 July 8 - . 15:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • STS-135 - . Payload: Atlantis F33 / Rafaello MPLM-2. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-135; ISS EO-27; ISS EO-28. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 12.77 days. Decay Date: 2011-07-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 37736 . COSPAR: 2011-031A. Apogee: 385 km (239 mi). Perigee: 371 km (230 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Final Space Shuttle flight, denoting the end of the space age. Atlantis docked with the Harmony module of the ISS on 10 June at 15:07 GMT. Primary payload was the Raffaello MultiPurpose Logistics Module delivering consumables and spare parts to the station sufficient to support the six crew members through the end of 2012 should delays occur in NASA's commercial robotic resupply program. Main crew task while docked with the station was to unload Rafaello and return of the station's failed coolant Pump Module for analysis. Atlantis undocked on 19 July at 06:28 GMT. The Picosat Solar Cell Experiment satellite was released from the cargo bay on 20 July. Atlantis made the final shuttle landing at the Kennedy Space Center on 21 July at 09:57 GMT. Payload delivered was:
    • External Airlock/ODS: 1800 kg
    • EMU spacesuits 3015, 3006: 260 kg
    • RMS arm 301: 410 kg
    • Orbiter Boom Sensor System: 382 kg
    • MPLM-2 Rafaello: 11,556 kg
    • SPDU: 17 kg
    • ROEU 755 umbilical for MPLM: 78 kg
    • Lightweight MPESS Carrier: 1050 kg
    • Robotic Refuelling Mission: 300 kg
    • Picosat Launcher: 22 kg
    • PSSC-2/MTV Aerospace Corporation Picosat Solar Cell Experiment satellite: 4 kg
    • Total payload: 15,879 kg

2011 July 12 - .
  • EVA STS-135-1 - . Crew: Fossum; Garan. EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-135; ISS EO-27; ISS EO-28. Summary: Final EVA from a shuttle. The astronauts moved a failed pump module to the shuttle bay, and deployed several experiments on the outside of the ISS..

2011 August 3 - .
  • EVA ISS EO-27-1 - . EVA Type: Extravehicular activity. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-27; ISS EO-28. Cosmonauts Volkov and Samokutyaev, in Orlan suits, entered space from the Pirs module. They deployed the RadioSkaf-V amateur radio satellite and installed the BTLS-N lasercom terminal on the Zvezda module and the Biorisk-MSN exposure package outside the Pirs module.

2011 August 24 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. FAILURE: Five minutes and 25 seconds into flight, during the burn of the booster's third stage, the engine's gas generator failed and the engine shut down. The upper stage and spacecraft crashed in the Gorno-Altai region.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Progress M-12M - . Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-27; ISS EO-28. Spacecraft: Progress M. COSPAR: 2011-0F03. ISS resupply mission. The Progress M failed to reach orbit. Five minutes and 25 seconds into flight, during the burn of the booster's third stage, the engine's gas generator failed and the engine shut down. The upper stage and spacecraft crashed in the Gorno-Altai region of Russia. First ever failure of a Progress spacecraft to dock with a space station in its 135-mission history. The six crew aboard the ISS had sufficient supplies, but the mishap delayed the launch of the Expedition 29 replacement crew until the cause of the failure was understood and the Soyuz launch vehicle cleared again for manned launches. The return to Earth of the first half of the Expedition 28 crew has also delayed to mid-September, meaning the station would be reduced to a three-person crew for a time.

2011 October 30 - .
  • Progress M-13M - . Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-28. Spacecraft: Progress M. USAF Sat Cat: 37857 . COSPAR: 2011-062A. Apogee: 403 km (250 mi). Perigee: 374 km (232 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.30 min.

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