Encyclopedia Astronautica
Salyut 7/TKS-2


Crew: Glazkov, Makrushin, Stepanov Eduard. Planned TKS manned mission to Salyut 7 station. Cancelled December 1981; TKS-2 flew unmanned to Salyut 7 as Cosmos 1443. Backup crew: Artyukhin, Yuyukov, Berezovoi.

Following the cancellation of the Almaz military station it was still planned that two of the TKS ferries would be flown manned to Salyut stations. In September/October 1979 three crews were formed for flights TKS-2 and TKS-3. On 20-28 November 1979 GKNII conduced state ground trials test of the TKS using two crews. Many problems were uncovered requiring rework. But in December 1981 Ustinov finally killed Chelomei's plans for manned TKS flights. The TKS training group was dissolved and TKS-2 flew unmanned to Salyut 7 as Cosmos 1443.

First Launch: During 1982.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Artyukhin Artyukhin, Yuri Petrovich (1930-1998) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 14. Member of first military space station mission. More...
  • Glazkov Glazkov, Yuri Nikolayevich (1939-2008) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 24. More...
  • Makrushin Makrushin, Valeri Grigoryevich (1940-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1972-1987. Studied from 1957 to 1963 at Leningrad Institute of Aircraft Design (LIAP). Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Returned to NPO Mashinostroenniye. More...
  • Yuyukov Yuyukov, Dmitri Andreyevich (1941-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1973-1987. Graduated from MAI, 1965 Civilian Engineer, Chelomei OKB. Trained for a TKS flight to the Almaz military space station. Sector Head, NPO Mashinostroyeniye. From worked at GKNPTs Khrunishchev. More...
  • Berezovoi Berezovoi, Anatoli Nikolayevich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-1. More...

See also
Associated Programs
  • Salyut 7 Due to cancellation of the Almaz military station, and delays in the Mir project, the decision was taken in the late 1970's to fly the back-up to DOS-5 / Salyut 6. This was launched as Salyut 7 in 1982. The opportunity was still taken to fly 'guest cosmonauts' from friendly countries on short visits to the stations, although emphasis was placed on military experiments. Salyut 7 was able to conduct significant military experiments thanks to the greatly increased volume and payload of the TKS modules diverted from the Almaz programme that docked with the station. More...

Salyut 7/TKS-2 Chronology


Late 1982 - .
Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use