Encyclopedia Astronautica
9M96


Russian surface-to-air missile. Improved, longer range version of 9M96 for the S-400. Four 9M96's can be housed in a single 48N6E launch container position.

Standard warhead: 24 kg (52 lb). Maximum range: 250 km (150 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Minimum range: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Floor: 5.00 m (16.40 ft).

Gross mass: 420 kg (920 lb).
Payload: 24 kg (52 lb).
Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

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Associated Countries
See also
  • Russian SAMs and ABMs Perhaps no missiles ever produced had as much historical influence as the surface-to-air missiles of the Soviet Union. Originally conceived to provide a defence against the American bomber fleets of the early Cold War, they decisively affected the turn of events when they shot down American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft over Russia and Cuba. Soviet-provided missiles accounted for a hundred American aircraft over North Vietnam and set the terms of the air battle. A new generation of missiles presented a huge technological surprise and took an awful toll of Israeli aircraft in the 1973 war. To this day, Russian surface-to-air missiles provide the only defence available to most countries against American bombers, and Russian man-portable anti-aircraft missiles are a major part of the terrorist threat. More...
  • S-400 Fourth generation surface-to-air missile system that replaced the Army's S-300V (SA-12) and the Air Defence Force's S-300PMU (SA-10). The system would feature twice the engagement area of the S-300PMU. Initial service was by the end of 2007. More...
  • missile Guided self-propelled military weapon (as opposed to rocket, an unguided self-propelled weapon). More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Efremov Russian manufacturer of rockets. Efremov Design Bureau, Russia. More...
  • Lyulev Russian manufacturer of rockets. Lyulev Design Bureau, Ekaterinburg, Russia. More...

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