Encyclopedia Astronautica
Grom


Russian orbital launch vehicle. Three stage vehicle consisting of 1 x R-39 St 1 + 1 x R-39 St 2 + 1 x R-39 St 3

Failures: 3. First Fail Date: 1996-01-01. Last Fail Date: 1997-11-19. Maximum range: 8,300 km (5,100 mi).

Status: Retired 1997.
Gross mass: 84,000 kg (185,000 lb).
Height: 16.00 m (52.00 ft).
Diameter: 2.40 m (7.80 ft).
Thrust: 2,060.00 kN (463,100 lbf).
Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).
First Launch: 1996.01.01.
Last Launch: 1997.11.19.
Number: 3 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Makeyev Russian manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Makeyev Design Bureau, Kolomna, Russia. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Nenoksa Primary missile testing range of the Russian Navy. Known to have been used for 22 launches from 1965 to 1997, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude, but the number of actual missile tests was in the hundreds. More...

Associated Stages
  • Grom-2 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 25,000 kg. More...
  • R-39-1 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 53,700 kg. Thrust 2,060.00 kN. More...
  • Rif-3 N2O4/UDMH propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 10,000 kg. More...

Grom Chronology


1996 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Grom. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN; VMF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1997? - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Grom. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN; VMF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1997 November 19 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Grom. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN; VMF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

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