Encyclopedia Astronautica
Titan 404A


American orbital launch vehicle. Version of Titan 4 with no upper stage, configured for launch of heavy-weight, low altitude KH-12 and Improved CRYSTAL payloads from Vandenberg.

LEO Payload: 17,700 kg (39,000 lb).

Gross mass: 906,000 kg (1,997,000 lb).
Payload: 17,700 kg (39,000 lb).
Height: 54.00 m (177.00 ft).
Diameter: 3.05 m (10.00 ft).
Thrust: 14,200.00 kN (3,192,200 lbf).
Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).
First Launch: 1992.11.28.
Last Launch: 1996.12.20.
Number: 3 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Improved Crystal American military surveillance satellite. Operational, first launch 1992.11.28. Improved CRYSTAL was an optical reconnaissance satellite built for the US National Reconnaissance Office. Prime contractor was thought to be Lockheed. More...

See also
  • Titan The Titan launch vehicle family was developed by the United States Air Force to meet its medium lift requirements in the 1960's. The designs finally put into production were derived from the Titan II ICBM. Titan outlived the competing NASA Saturn I launch vehicle and the Space Shuttle for military launches. It was finally replaced by the USAF's EELV boosters, the Atlas V and Delta IV. Although conceived as a low-cost, quick-reaction system, Titan was not successful as a commercial launch vehicle. Air Force requirements growth over the years drove its costs up - the Ariane using similar technology provided lower-cost access to space. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Martin American manufacturer of rockets, spacecraft, and rocket engines. Martin Marietta Astronautics Group (1956), Denver, CO, USA. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Vandenberg Vandenberg Air Force Base is located on the Central Coast of California about 240 km northwest of Los Angeles. It is used for launches of unmanned government and commercial satellites into polar orbit and intercontinental ballistic missile test launches toward the Kwajalein Atoll. More...
  • Vandenberg SLC4E Titan, Atlas launch complex. First designated PALC2-4 and used to launch Atlas Agena D with KH-7 spysats. Rebuilt after MOL cancellation in 1970 to handle Titan 3D with KH-9 and KH-11 spysats. Upgraded in 1989-1990 for Titan 4. More...

Associated Stages
  • Titan 4-1 N2O4/Aerozine-50 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 163,000/8,000 kg. Thrust 2,428.31 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 302 seconds. More...
  • Titan UA1207 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 319,330/51,230 kg. Thrust 7,117.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 272 seconds. More...
  • Titan 4-2 N2O4/Aerozine-50 propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 39,500/4,500 kg. Thrust 459.51 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 316 seconds. More...

Titan 404A Chronology


1992 November 28 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 404A. LV Configuration: Titan 404A K-3 (45J-1).
  • USA 86 - . Mass: 19,600 kg (43,200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Improved Crystal. Decay Date: 2000-06-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 22251 . COSPAR: 1992-083A. Apogee: 911 km (566 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 96.40 min. Summary: Optical reconnaisance satellite built for the US National Reconnaissance Office..

1995 December 5 - . 21:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 404A. LV Configuration: Titan 404A K-15 (45J-3).
  • USA 116 - . Mass: 26,000 kg (57,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Improved Crystal. USAF Sat Cat: 23728 . COSPAR: 1995-066A. Apogee: 976 km (606 mi). Perigee: 250 km (150 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Summary: Optical reconnaisance satellite built for the US National Reconnaissance Office. Instruments said to include a large telescope with visual and near infrared wavelength CCD sensors and the ICMS mapping system..

1996 December 20 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 404A. LV Configuration: Titan 404A K-13 (45J-5).
  • USA 129 - . Mass: 19,600 kg (43,200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Improved Crystal. USAF Sat Cat: 24680 . COSPAR: 1996-072A. Apogee: 949 km (589 mi). Perigee: 153 km (95 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Summary: Optical reconnaisance satellite built for the US National Reconnaissance Office..

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