Encyclopedia Astronautica
VLS-1


Brazilian all-solid orbital launch vehicle.

LEO Payload: 120 kg (260 lb). Failures: 3. First Fail Date: 1997-11-02. Last Fail Date: 2003-08-22.

Status: Active.
Gross mass: 50,700 kg (111,700 lb).
Payload: 120 kg (260 lb).
Height: 19.50 m (63.90 ft).
Diameter: 1.01 m (3.31 ft).
Thrust: 1,172.00 kN (263,476 lbf).
Apogee: 750 km (460 mi).
First Launch: 1997.11.02.
Last Launch: 2003.08.22.
Number: 3 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • SCD Brazilian communications technology satellite. 3 launches, 1993.02.09 (SCD-1) to 1998.10.23 (SCD-2). Environmental data relay. More...
  • SACI Brazilian technology satellite. 2 launches, 1999.10.14 (SACI 1) and 1999.12.11 (SACI-2). INPE experimental scientific satellites; carried a magnetometer, particle detectors and an atmospheric experiment. More...

See also
  • VLS Brazilian satellite launcher building on successful family of sounding rockets. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • INPE Brazilian agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espacias, Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Alcantara Sounding rocket and orbital launch site. Used for 53 known launches from 1990 to 2007. The launch complex for Brazil's indigenous VLS orbital booster was located here. More...

Associated Stages
  • S-40TM Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 5,664/1,212 kg. Thrust 208.39 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 275 seconds. More...
  • S-43 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 8,550/1,328 kg. Thrust 303.00 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 260 seconds. More...
  • S-43TM Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 8,720/1,536 kg. Thrust 320.60 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 277 seconds. More...
  • S-44 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,025/190 kg. Thrust 33.24 kN. Vacuum specific impulse 282 seconds. More...

VLS-1 Chronology


1997 November 2 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. LV Configuration: VLS-1 V01. FAILURE: Destroyed during launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • SCD-2A - . Mass: 115 kg (253 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Manufacturer: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SCD. COSPAR: F971102A. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). Summary: The SCD-2A (Data Collection Satellite 2A) was a Brazilian satellite designed for the collection of meteorological data relayed by data collection platforms spread throughout the Brazilian territory..

1999 December 11 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. LV Configuration: VLS-1 V02. FAILURE: Second stage failed to ignite; destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • SACI-2 - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Manufacturer: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SACI. COSPAR: F991211A. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Summary: Second attempted launch of Brazil's indigenous launcher..

2003 August 22 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Complex: Alcantara VLS. LV Family: VLS. Launch Vehicle: VLS-1. LV Configuration: VLS-1 V03. FAILURE: Failure - Exploded on pad during final prelaunch processing. 21 people were killed, with none injured.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • SATEC - . Payload: SATEC. Mass: 57 kg (125 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: INPE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SATEC. COSPAR: F20030822A. Launch was due on August 25. Was to have been on third qualification flight after two previous failures. The launch had already been delayed from October 2002, then May 7 and June 20 2003. It appeared that one of the strapon boosters ignited by accident. The two satellite payloads were also destroyed in the blast, as was the launch pad.
  • Unosat - . Payload: Unosat. Mass: 9.00 kg (19.80 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Parana. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Unosat. COSPAR: F20030822B.

Home - Browse - Contact
© / Conditions for Use