Encyclopedia Astronautica
Barmin


Russian manufacturer of spacecraft. Barmin Design Bureau, Russia.

On June 30, 1941, the SKB specialised design bureau was organised at the Kompresor plant in Moscow under Barmin to develop and manufacture the Katyusha barrage rocket system that was used by Soviet forces to great effect in World War II. After the war Barmin was assigned to develop the launch equipment for the Russian copies of German missiles. For this purpose his SKB was expanded in August 1946 and renamed GSKB SpetsMash (State Union Design Bureau of Special Machine-Building) Barmin went on to become the pre-eminent Soviet designer of rocket mobile launchers, fixed launch complexes, and missile silos. This culminated in the design and construction of the immense facilities for launch of the N1 and Energia super-boosters at Baikonur. In 1967 the bureau was renamed KBOM (Design Bureau of General Machine-Building). KBOM was responsible for design of the planned Soviet lunar base until that project was terminated in 1974. After Barmin's death in 1993 the Bureau was headed by his son, Igor Barmin.

AKA: SKB; GSKB Spetsmash; KBOM (1965).

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Associated People
  • Barmin Barmin, Vladimir Pavlovich (1909-1993) Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1941-1993 of GSKB SpetsMash; pre-eminent Soviet designer of rocket launch complexes. More...
  • Barmin, I V Barmin, Igor Vladimirovich Russian engineer. Head and Chief Designer of the Barmin KBOM after the death of his father in 1993. Designed mobile and fixed launchers for missiles and space boosters. More...

Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Marsokhod Russian manned Mars rover. Study 1961. Surface transports were part of all Soviet Mars expeditions. More...
  • DLB Module Russian manned lunar habitat. Cancelled 1974. Basic module developed by Barmin's OKB from 1962 for the Zvezda Lunar Base. Cancelled, together with the N1 booster, in 1974. More...
  • DLB Lunar Base Russian manned lunar base. Substantial development activity from 1962 to cancellation in 1974. The N1 draft project of 1962 spoke of 'establishment of a lunar base and regular traffic between the earth and the moon'. More...
  • DLB Lunokhod 1 Russian manned lunar rover. Study 1971. One of several conceptual models of Lunokhod or Marsokhod pressurized surface rovers planned for Soviet moon or Mars expeditions. More...
  • DLB Lunokhod 3 Russian manned lunar rover. Study 1971. One of several conceptual models of Lunokhod or Marsokhod pressurized surface rovers planned for Soviet moon or Mars expeditions. More...

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