Encyclopedia Astronautica
British Aerospace


British manufacturer of rockets. British Aerospace, UK.

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Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Skylark British sounding rocket. The Skylark sounding rocket (originally named the Gassiot High Altitude Vehicle) was produced by the Royal Aircraft Establishment and first introduced in 1957, during the International Geophysical Year. It remained in European service until 2005. The original basic single-stage Skylark version used a Raven 1 motor (Rook derivative). The RPE Raven 1 burned 840 kg of propellant (ammonium perchlorate, polyisobutylene binder and aluminium powder) in thirty seconds with a 1450 kNs total impulse at sea level. More...
  • Skylark 1 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Raven 8 + 1 x Raven 1/1A/2A More...
  • Skylark 2 British sounding rocket. Three stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 2 + 1 x Raven 8. The Cuckoo booster burned for 4 seconds and provided 364 kN-sec total impulse. The Raven 2 provided 1540 N-sec total impulse. More...
  • Skylark 2C British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 2 More...
  • Skylark 5C British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 5 More...
  • Skylark 5 British sounding rocket. Single stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Raven 5. The Raven 5 increased total impulse to 1780 kN-sec. More...
  • Skylark 7C British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 7 More...
  • Skylark 7 British sounding rocket. Three stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Raven 7 + 1 x Goldfinch II + 1 x Raven 11 More...
  • Skylark 8 British sounding rocket. Skylark version with Stonechat booster and Waxwing second stage motor. Never built. More...
  • Skylark 9 British sounding rocket. Skylark single-stage version with Stonechat motor. This would make it similar to the Falstaff test version. Never built. More...
  • Skylark 3 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 6 More...
  • Mustard The British Aircraft Corporation "Multi-Unit Space Transport And Recovery Device" design of 1964-1965 was a winged two-stage-to-orbit reuseable space shuttle using the 'triamese' concept. The three components of the design were lifting bodies with a configuration similar to the American HL-10 vehicle. BAC sought to reduce development cost by use of two boosters nearly identical to the orbiter vehicle. More...
  • Skylark 11 British sounding rocket. Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch II + 1 x Raven VI + 1 x Cuckoo II or IV. Never flown. More...
  • Skylark 6 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch II + 1 x Raven 6. The Goldfinch provided 700 kN-sec total impulse. More...
  • Skylark 2 AC British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Cuckoo IA + 1 x Raven 8 More...
  • Skylark 4 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch + 1 x Raven 8 More...
  • Skylark 10 British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch + 1 x Gosling 4T More...
  • Skylark 7 AC British sounding rocket. Two stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch II + 1 x Raven 11 More...
  • Skylark 12 British sounding rocket. Three stage Skylark version consisting of 1 x Goldfinch + 1 x Raven 11 + 1 x Cuckoo 4. The AC version uses an uprated Goldfinch II booster. The Raven XI is loaded with 990 kg of propellant and produced 2500 kN-sec total impulse over 39 seconds. The Cuckoo IV stage provides 452 kN-sec impulse over 15 seconds. More...
  • Skylark 14 British sounding rocket. Skylark version using Rook 3 booster + Raven 11 upper stage. Never built. Skylark 13 designation not used for superstitious reasons. More...
  • Skylark 15 British sounding rocket. Skylark version using Rook 3 booster + Raven 11 + Cuckoo 5. Never built. More...
  • Skylark 16 British sounding rocket. Skylark version with shortened Stonechat motor. Never built. More...
  • Skylark 17 British sounding rocket. Skylark version with Stonechat booster and Mage 2 second stage motor. Never built. More...
  • HOTOL This single-stage-to-orbit winged horizontal takeoff/horizontal landing launch vehicle concept was powered by the unique Rolls-Royce RB545 air / liquid hydrogen / liquid oxygen rocket engine. HOTOL development was conducted from 1982 to 1986 before the British government withdrew funding. It was superseded by the Interim HOTOL design which sought to reduce development cost through use of existing Lox/LH2 engines. More...
  • Interim HOTOL Initiated by a British Aerospace team led by Dr Bob Parkinson in 1991, this was a less ambitious, scaled-back version of the original HOTOL. The single-stage to orbit winged launch vehicle using four Russian rocket engines. It was to have been air-launched from a Ukrainian An-225 Mriya (Dream) aircraft. Interim HOTOL would separate from the carrier aircraft at subsonic speeds, and would then pull up for the ascent to orbit. It would return via a gliding re-entry and landing on gear on a conventional runway. Interim HOTOL suffered from the same aerodynamic design challenges as HOTOL and went through many, many design iterations in the quest for a practical design. More...

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