Encyclopedia Astronautica
Bristol


Canadian manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Bristol Aerospace Limited, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Location: Winnipeg, Manitoba.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • 23KS20000 Bristol Aerospace solid rocket engine. 89 kN. Two-finned version. More...
  • 26KS20000 Bristol Aerospace solid rocket engine. 75.7 kN. Four-finned version. More...
  • BB7 Bristol Aerospace solid rocket engine. 1 kN. More...
  • Nihka Bristol Aerospace solid rocket engine. 50.5 kN. Upper stages. Out of production. Isp=284s. Used on Black Brant 10 launch vehicle. First flight 1981. More...

See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Black Brant 4 Canadian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Black Brant VA + 1 x Black Brant IIIA or IIIB. More...
  • Black Brant The Black Brant originated in a 1957 Canadian government requirement for a sounding rocket to characterize the ionosphere in order to improve military communications. Bristol Aerospace of Winnipeg, Manitoba was selected to design the rocket, while the Canadian Armament Research and Development Establishment (CARDE) was responsible for the propellant and filling. The prototype was called the Propulsion Test Vehicle. It was a relatively heavy rocket, since it was designed to stand up to the use of a wide range of engine burning time, propellant loadings and launch angles associated with fuel development. The lighter production version of the vehicle was renamed Black Brant. Later versions of Black Brant used a variety of booster and upper stages to supplement the original single-stage vehicle. More...
  • Skua 1 British sounding rocket. In the original Skua version, 3 Chick boosters were used. The Bantam second stage burned for 30 seconds to boost the payload to 70 km. The payload deployed a radar-reflective parachute to allow winds aloft to be measured, and readings from a thermometer were radioed to the ground. More than 900 Skua 1's were launched from 11 sites in six countries. More...
  • Skua British sounding rocket. In 1959, the Royal Meteorological Office's High Altitude Research Unit contracted with Bristol Aerojet and RPE Wescott to develop a low-cost meteorological rocket designed to reach altitudes of 80 km. The resulting Skua design consisted of Chick boosters which burned for 0.2 seconds to blast the rocket 20 m above the 5 m launch tube. Then the Bantam second stage would ignite and boost the payload to altitude. Four Skua variants were flown over the years. More...
  • Black Brant 3 Canadian sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Black Brant IIIA or IIIB. More...
  • Black Brant 5 Canadian sounding rocket. Single stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Black Brant VA, VB, or VC. More...
  • Black Brant 5B Canadian sounding rocket. Three-fin version. The Black Brant VB provided slightly improved performance over the VC. The burnout roll rate for the Black Brant V was 4 cycles per second. Maximum longitudinal acceleration varied with payload weight; for a typical payload weight of 270 kg, maximum thrust axis acceleration is approximately 12g's. More...
  • Petrel 1 British sounding rocket. Petrel was a larger sounding rocket built by Bristol Aerojet using the same launch technique as Skua. Three Chick rockets blasted the upper stage and payload out of a 10-m long launch tube. The 4.5 kN Lapwing second stage burned for 30 seconds. A unique aspect was that the Chick boosters could be recovered and reloaded with propellant. More...
  • Petrel British sounding rocket. Petrel was a larger sounding rocket built by Bristol Aerojet using the same tube-launch technique as Skua. A total of 240 Petrels were launched from 1967-1982 from many sites around the world. More...
  • Skua 2 Skua 2 was used 4 Chick boosters and a lengthened Bantam motor to take more complex 5 kg scientific payloads to 100 km altitude. More than fifty Skua 2's were fired between 1967 and 1972 as part of the British national space program. More...
  • Skua 4 British sounding rocket. Skua 4 was further enhanced to take a 7.5 kg paylaod to 140 km altitude. The vehicle used four Chick boosters and an improved Bantam upper stage. More...
  • Black Brant 8 Canadian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Nike booster + Black Brant VB or VC upper stage. Payload 136 kg to 430 km or 408 kg to 230 km. More...
  • Fulmar British sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Heron (107 kN) + 1 x Snipe (16.7 kN). More...
  • Petrel 2 British sounding rocket. Improved Petrel using four Chick boosters and a lengthened Lapwing second stage which provide 4.5 kN thrust for 40 seconds. Petrel 2's were also fired as targets for missile tests at Woomera. More...
  • Black Brant 10 Canadian sounding rocket. Three stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier + 1 x Black Brant VB or VC + 1 x Nihka. Payload 90 kg to 1,200 km or 317 kg to 550 km. More...
  • Black Brant 9 Canadian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier Mk 70 + 1 x Black Brant VB. More...
  • Black Brant 12 Canadian sounding rocket. The Black Brant XII rocket system was a four stage system used primarily to carry a variety of payloads to high altitudes. Its development is a spin-off of the Black Brant X development. Four stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Talos + 1 x Taurus + 1 x Black Brant VB + 1 x Nihka. Payload 136 kg to 1,500 km or 522 kg to 500 km. More...
  • Black Brant 11 Canadian sounding rocket. Three stage vehicle. Payload weights of 320 kg to 500 km or 550 kg to 350 km altitude. More...
  • Excalibur Target System The Canadian-made Excalibur Target System was a boosted dart ballistic rocket whose flight could be tailored to simulate various threats for anti-tactical ballistic missile (TBM) system tests. The solid-propellant launched the dart segment to the necessary angle and velocity for the mission. The dart then separated from the booster. It carried a sophisticated electronic RFSAS Radio Frequency Signature Augmentation System, which electronically enlarged the target's radar cross-section to mimic the larger missile appropriate to the mission. More...

Associated Stages
  • 12KS10000 Solid rocket stage. 45.00 kN (10,116 lbf) thrust. Mass 300 kg (661 lb). More...
  • 15KS25000 Solid rocket stage. 111.00 kN (24,954 lbf) thrust. Mass 1,000 kg (2,205 lb). More...
  • 17KS12000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 399/70 kg. Thrust 50.50 kN. The Nihka rocket motor was developed specifically for the Black Brant X rocket system by Bristol Aerospace. More...
  • 23KS20000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,000/150 kg. Thrust 89.00 kN. Two-finned version. More...
  • 26KS20000 Solid propellant rocket stage. Loaded/empty mass 1,264/268 kg. Thrust 75.70 kN. Four-finned version. More...
  • 9KS11000 Solid rocket stage. 49.00 kN (11,016 lbf) thrust. Mass 300 kg (661 lb). More...
  • 9KS1660 Solid rocket stage. 7.40 kN (1,664 lbf) thrust. Mass 100 kg (220 lb). More...
  • Petrel-1 Solid rocket stage. 4.50 kN (1,012 lbf) thrust. Mass 100 kg (220 lb). More...
  • Petrel 2-1 Solid rocket stage. 4.50 kN (1,012 lbf) thrust. Mass 100 kg (220 lb). More...

Bristol Chronology


1965 June 12 - . 19:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB FF-VB-01.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 378 km (234 mi).

1965 June 18 - . 16:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB FF-VB-02.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi).

1970 December 15 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • MDSS-001 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1970 December 16 - . 15:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • MDSS-002 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1970 December 16 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • MDSS-003 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1970 December 16 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • MDSS-004 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1971 April 26 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-006 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi).

1971 April 26 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-005 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi).

1971 April 26 - . 18:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-008 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 37 km (22 mi).

1971 April 26 - . 19:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-009 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 36 km (22 mi).

1971 April 26 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-007 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

1971 May 5 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-010 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1971 May 5 - . 15:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-011 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 36 km (22 mi).

1971 May 5 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-012 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1971 May 5 - . 17:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-013 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1971 May 5 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-014 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1971 May 5 - . 18:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-015 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1971 May 5 - . 19:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-016 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi).

1972 January 27 - . 15:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-064 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1972 January 27 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-065 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1972 January 27 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-056 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1972 January 27 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 7.
  • F-EXM-052 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1972 July 12 - . 19:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-019 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1972 July 12 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-020 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1972 July 12 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • MDSS FP-022 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

1972 July 12 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-021 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1972 July 13 - . 00:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • MDSS FP-023 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1972 July 13 - . 00:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-025 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1972 July 13 - . 18:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • MDSS FP-028 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1972 July 13 - . 19:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-029 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1972 July 13 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-027 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1972 July 13 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-026 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1972 July 14 - . 14:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6.
  • MDSS FP-024 test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1975 December 4 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-01.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

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