Encyclopedia Astronautica
ELDO


European agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. European Launcher Development Organisation, Europe.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • STV European technology satellite. 3 launches, 1968.11.29 (STV 1) to 1970.06.12 (STV 3). Satellite Test Vehicle. More...

See also
  • Agency Agencies or institutions overseeing design, development, construction, or operation of space-related systems. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • ELDO A European orbital launch vehicle. Three stage version of the Europa vehicle. More...
  • Europa European orbital launch vehicle. Europe's first space launcher. The first stage was a British Blue Streak IRBM, the second stage the French Coralie, and the third stage the German Astris. All orbital launch attempts failed due to unreliability of the third stage. The project was cancelled after withdrawal of British support and replaced by the Ariane. More...
  • Cora European orbital launch vehicle. Cora was an experimental rocket to test the second and third stages of the Europa launch vehicle. More...
  • Europa II European orbital launch vehicle. Four stage version of the Europa vehicle, adding a P068 fourth stage. More...

ELDO Chronology


1963 October 17 - . 10:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.11.
  • Blue Streak test - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO; RAE. Apogee: 527 km (327 mi).

1964 June 4 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. Launch Vehicle: Blue Streak. LV Configuration: Blue Streak F-1.
  • Blue Streak only. Successful. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1964 October 19 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. Launch Vehicle: Blue Streak. LV Configuration: Blue Streak F-2.
  • Blue Streak only. Successful. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1965 March 21 - . 23:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. Launch Vehicle: Blue Streak. LV Configuration: Blue Streak F-3.
  • Blue Streak only. Successful. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

1966 May 23 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Europa. LV Configuration: ELDO A F-4.
  • Active first stage with dummy upper stages and satellite. and satellite. Flight terminated after 136 seconds. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1966 November 14 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Europa. LV Configuration: ELDO A F-5.
  • Active first stage with dummy upper stages and satellite. Flight successful. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1967 August 4 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Europa. LV Configuration: Europa I F-6/1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Active first and second stages with dummy third stage and satellite. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1967 December 4 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Europa. LV Configuration: Europa I F-6/2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Active first and second stages with dummy third stage and satellite. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 November 29 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Europa. LV Configuration: Europa I F-7. FAILURE: Third stage exploded.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • STV 1 / Europa F-7 - . Mass: 249 kg (548 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STV. Decay Date: 1968-11-30 . COSPAR: F681129A. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi). Summary: First attempt by ELDO to launch a satellite to orbit. Satellite Test Vehicle payload..

1969 July 2 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Europa. LV Configuration: Europa I F-8. FAILURE: Third stage failed.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Europa F-8 / STV 2 - . Payload: STV 2. Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STV. COSPAR: F690702A. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1970 June 12 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Europa. LV Configuration: Europa I F-9. FAILURE: Payload fairing failed to separate.. Failed Stage: S.
  • Europa F-9 / STV 3 - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STV. Decay Date: 1970-06-12 . COSPAR: F700612A. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

1971 November 5 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Pad: CECLES. LV Family: Europa. Launch Vehicle: Europa II. LV Configuration: Europa II F-11. FAILURE: Structural failure of third stage. Guidance signals were reversed.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Europa F-11 / STV 4 - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STV 4. Decay Date: 1971-11-05 . COSPAR: F711105A. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

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