Encyclopedia Astronautica
JAXA


Japanese agency overseeing development of spacecraft. JAXA, Japan.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Reimei Japanese technology satellite. One launch, 2005.08.23. Plasma Science Technology. INDEX, renamed Reimei ("Dawn") after launch, was a test satellite with new lightweight satellite components, and a demonstration auroral imager payload. More...
  • Kirari Japanese communications satellite. One launch, 2005.08.23. Optical Inter-Orbit Communications Engineering Test Satellite. Its laser communications experiment was be used in with ESA's Artemis geostationary satellite. More...
  • Daichi Japanese civilian surveillance radar satellite. One launch, 2006.01.24. Advanced Land Observing Satellite, which carried an L-band synthetic aperture radar, an optical 2. More...
  • Akari Japanese infrared astronomy satellite. One launch, 2006.02.21, Astro F (Akari). Carried a 0.67m-diameter liquid-helium-cooled infrared telescope with detectors ranging from the near infrared to 60 and 170 micron channels in the far IR. More...
  • SSSat Japanese technology satellite. One launch, 2006.09.22. Solar sail experiment. More...
  • Hinode Japanese solar satellite. One launch, 2006.09.22. Solar satellite with a large optical telescope and an X-ray telescope built by the Smithsonian Observatory. More...
  • Kizuna Japanese communications satellite. One launch, 2008.02.23. More...
  • Ibuki Japanese earth atmosphere satellite. One launch, 2009.01.23. Greenhouse Gas Observing Satellite, renamed Ibuki after launch. More...

See also
  • Agency Agencies or institutions overseeing design, development, construction, or operation of space-related systems. More...

JAXA Chronology


2004 December 13 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya U3. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-35.
  • DELTA 2004 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

2005 July 10 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-6.
  • Suzaku - . Payload: Astro E2. Mass: 1,680 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: ASTRO E. USAF Sat Cat: 28773 . COSPAR: 2005-025A. Apogee: 573 km (356 mi). Perigee: 562 km (349 mi). Inclination: 31.4000 deg. Period: 96.00 min. Delayed from February, June 26, July 6 and 8, 2005. CUTE-1.7 nanosat mistakenly reported on this flight. Astro-E2 was renamed Suzaku (after a legendary red bird) after launch. It replaced the Astro-E, which never reached orbit due to an M-V-4 launch failure in 2000. The satellite had five 0.4-meter diameter X-ray telescopes, one with an XRS microcalorimeter and the other four with X-ray CCD cameras. However it was revealed that the XRS failed on 9 August due to leaking of helium coolant.

2005 August 23 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Kirari - . Mass: 570 kg (1,250 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Kirari. USAF Sat Cat: 28809 . COSPAR: 2005-031A. Apogee: 614 km (381 mi). Perigee: 596 km (370 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Moved from J-1A . Delayed from August 15. Optical Inter-Orbit Communications Engineering Test Satellite. Its laser communications experiment was be used in with ESA's Artemis geostationary satellite. The satellite was renamed Kirari (twinkle) after launch.
  • Reimei - . Payload: Index. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Mitsubishi. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Reimei. USAF Sat Cat: 28810 . COSPAR: 2005-031B. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 601 km (373 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Summary: Plasma Science Technology. INDEX, renamed Reimei ("Dawn") after launch, was a test satellite with new lightweight satellite components, and a demonstration auroral imager payload..

2006 January 22 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-36.
  • Furoshiki Technology test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2006 January 24 - . 01:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 2022. LV Configuration: H-IIA 2022 H-IIA-8F.
  • Daichi - . Payload: ALOS-1. Mass: 3,850 kg (8,480 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Daichi. USAF Sat Cat: 28931 . COSPAR: 2006-002A. Apogee: 697 km (433 mi). Perigee: 693 km (430 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Summary: Advanced Land Observing Satellite, which carried an L-band synthetic aperture radar, an optical 2.5-meter resolution mapping camera, and a 10-meter resolution visible/near-infrared radiometer..

2006 February 21 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-8.
  • Astro F (Akari) - . Mass: 960 kg (2,110 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Toshiba. Program: Astro. Class: Astronomy. Type: Infrared astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Akari. USAF Sat Cat: 28939 . COSPAR: 2006-005A. Apogee: 719 km (446 mi). Perigee: 705 km (438 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Summary: Carried a 0.67m-diameter liquid-helium-cooled infrared telescope with detectors ranging from the near infrared to 60 and 170 micron channels in the far IR. It was to carry out the first far infrared sky survey since IRAS in 1983..

2006 September 22 - . 21:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M-V. LV Family: M-V. Launch Vehicle: M-V. LV Configuration: M-V-1 M-V-7.
  • Hinode (Solar B) - . Mass: 870 kg (1,910 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Melco. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Hinode. USAF Sat Cat: 29479 . COSPAR: 2006-041A. Apogee: 695 km (431 mi). Perigee: 674 km (418 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. Summary: Solar satellite with a large optical telescope and an X-ray telescope built by the Smithsonian Observatory..
  • SSSat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SSSat. Decay Date: 2008-06-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 29484 . COSPAR: 2006-041D. Apogee: 659 km (409 mi). Perigee: 279 km (173 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 94.00 min. Summary: Solar sail experiment..

2006 October 13 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA. LV Configuration: Ariane 5ECA V173 (533).
  • LDREX 2 - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: LDREX. Decay Date: 2010-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 29496 . COSPAR: 2006-043C. Apogee: 26,980 km (16,760 mi). Perigee: 227 km (141 mi). Inclination: 7.2000 deg. Period: 468.50 min. Summary: LDREX-2 was attached to the upper stage. It deployed a 6.5-meter antenna design planned for the later ETS-8 satellite.

2006 December 16 - . 06:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 204. LV Configuration: H-IIA 204 H-IIA-11.
  • Kiku 8 - . Payload: ETS-8. Mass: 5,817 kg (12,824 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Melco. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ETS. USAF Sat Cat: 29656 . COSPAR: 2006-059A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.0500 deg. Period: 1,436.11 min. Engineering Test Satellite-8 was a Japanese prototype/operational demonstration for a number of new technologies: a large satellite bus, large-scale deployable 40-m-span antennae, mobile satellite communications system, mobile satellite digital multimedia broadcasting, and basic positioning using high-accuracy time standard devices. It will be positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 146 degrees East. JAXA developed two portable terrestrial systems to communicate directly with the satellite - a tiny telephone and a portable laptop computer. The satellite was to have a lifetime of ten years. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 145.97E drifting at 0.010W degrees per day.

2007 January 16 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-37.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2007 February 24 - . 04:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 2024. LV Configuration: H-IIA 2024 H-IIA-12.
  • IGS-2 - . Payload: IGS 4A. Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA; CSICE. Manufacturer: Melco. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: IGS. USAF Sat Cat: 30586 . COSPAR: 2007-005A. Summary: Information Gathering Satellite Radar-2. Japanese military satellite using a synthetic aperture radar for all-weather, 24-hour, high-resolution surveillance of the earth..
  • IGS-3V - . Payload: IGS 4B. Mass: 850 kg (1,870 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA; CSICE. Manufacturer: Melco. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: IGS. USAF Sat Cat: 30587 . COSPAR: 2007-005B. Optical-3 Verification Satellite, an experimental satellite on a six-month mission to test payloads planned for the Optical-3 second-generation Japanese military optical surveillance satellite. The production-type Optical-3 satellite was expected to launch in 2009.

2007 September 2 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Uchinoura. Launch Complex: Uchinoura LCK. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520. LV Configuration: S-520 S-520-23.
  • WIND - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2008 February 6 - . 11:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310 S-310-38.
  • VLF/Chaff - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

2008 August 2 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Uchinoura. Launch Complex: Uchinoura LCK. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520. LV Configuration: S-520 S-520-24.
  • Microgravity - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 293 km (182 mi).

2009 January 23 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 202.
  • Ibuki - . Mass: 1,750 kg (3,850 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Manufacturer: Mitsubishi. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Ibuki. USAF Sat Cat: 33492 . COSPAR: 2009-002A. Apogee: 672 km (417 mi). Perigee: 669 km (415 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 98.20 min. Summary: Greenhouse Gas Observing Satellite, renamed Ibuki after launch. The satellite carried a TANSO-FTS IR spectrometer and TANSO-CAI cloud and aerosol imager..

2009 January 26 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • S-310-39 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: JAXA. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Summary: Launch in the Japanese Delta-2 project. It investigated the upper atmospheric dynamics and energetics in the polar lower thermosphere by releasing trimethyl aluminum (TMA) along the trajectory and then observing the gas from three different locations..

2009 September 10 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y2. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIB.
  • HTV-1 - . Mass: 16,000 kg (35,000 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-20; ISS EO-19. Spacecraft: HTV. Decay Date: 2009-09-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 35817 . COSPAR: 2009-048A. Apogee: 342 km (212 mi). Perigee: 334 km (207 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. First launch of the H-IIB booster and the HTV International Space Station resupply spacecraft. HTV-1 rendezvoused with the ISS on 17 September, stationkeeping 10 m away. It was grappled by the station's Canadarm and berthed to the Harmony port of the station and then unloaded.

2010 August 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Uchinoura. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520.
  • S-520-25 - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). T-REX Tether Technology Rocket Experiment. The 580 kg payload consisted of three parts: 'mother' and 'daughter' spacecraft connected by a 300-meter-long electrodynamic tether; and the small Tethered Space Robot connected to the daughter. Fell into Pacific Ocean after a ten-minute zero-G flight.

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