Encyclopedia Astronautica
NRCC


Canadian agency. National Research Council Canada, Canada.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Agency Agencies or institutions overseeing design, development, construction, or operation of space-related systems. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...
  • Resolute Bay Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 17 launches from 1966 to 1971, reaching up to 200 kilometers altitude. More...
  • Primrose Lake Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 1299 launches from 1968 to 1991, reaching up to 81 kilometers altitude. More...

NRCC Chronology


1963 April 6 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I AD-1-26.
  • Ionosphere / fields Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1963 April 6 - . 07:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 1. LV Configuration: Black Brant I AD-1-23.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1963 May 7 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II BB-2A-22.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1963 June 11 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II BB-2A-21.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1964 January 9 - . 05:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2-41.
  • Auroral particles Aurora / ionosphere / micrometeorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1964 January 14 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2-25.
  • Auroral particles Aurora / ionosphere / micrometeorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1964 January 17 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AD-2-42.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / micrometeorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1964 April 7 - . 05:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2A-43.
  • Auroral particles Aurora / ionosphere / micrometeorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1964 April 8 - . 07:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AD-2A-44.
  • Auroral study Apr9? Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1964 April 16 - . 07:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AD-2A-36.
  • Ionosphere / particles / micrometeorite mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1964 April 17 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AF-VA-35/03.
  • Daytime ne Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1964 April 21 - . 23:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III FF-3-09.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1964 September 8 - . 03:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AK-2A-59. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1964 September 15 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AD-2A-58.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1964 November 27 - . 08:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2A-37.
  • Test/Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1965 January 25 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIB CC-2B-48.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1965 January 25 - . 20:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIB CC-2B-56. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 March 17 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AE-2A-24.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1965 March 19 - . 06:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2A-52.
  • Fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1965 March 24 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2A-53.
  • Fields mission (date may be 23 March) - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1965 March 25 - . 05:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2A-60.
  • or Mar 24 Ionosphere / micrometeorite mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1965 April 22 - . 05:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AA-3-11.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1965 May 27 - . 23:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II BB-2A-51. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1965 June 2 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II BB-2A-50.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 March 26 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2A-103.
  • Aurora / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1966 March 30 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AK-2A-104.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1966 July 19 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AKF-3-16.
  • Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 July 21 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AKF-3-15.
  • Ionosphere / chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AAF-3-13.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AAD-2A-106.
  • Hydrogen line emission Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1966 November 29 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AAF-3-12.
  • Plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 November 29 - . 06:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAF-4-05.
  • CR / ne probe Plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1966 December 12 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ALF-3-18.
  • Neutral density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1966 December 13 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AAD-VA-107. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Geminids Aurora / ionosphere / meteorology mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1966 December 15 - . 15:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAF-4-08.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 871 km (541 mi).

1966 December 15 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAF-4-07.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 871 km (541 mi).

1967 January 21 - . 06:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2-105.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1967 January 22 - . 18:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2-102.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / meteorology mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1967 February 4 - . 05:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AA-2-101.
  • Recovery test / Ionosphere Aurora / ionosphere / meteorology mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1967 April 26 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AFF-VB-06.
  • Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 396 km (246 mi).

1967 April 27 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AFF-VB-07.
  • Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 398 km (247 mi).

1967 May 5 - . 04:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAD-VB-10.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 361 km (224 mi).

1967 July 4 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ALF-3-19.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1967 July 5 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ALF-3-20.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1967 July 12 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-24.
  • O2 profile Airglow infrared mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1967 July 12 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-25.
  • O2 profile Airglow infrared mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1967 August 3 - . 07:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ALF-VB-12.
  • MPE Barium release Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 448 km (278 mi).

1967 August 6 - . 04:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ALF-VB-13.
  • MPE Barium release Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi).

1967 September 28 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AFF-VA-119.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1967 October 5 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AFF-VA-120.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1967 October 20 - . 10:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AKF-3-26.
  • Ionosphere / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1967 October 22 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AKF-3-27.
  • Ionosphere/Solar X-ray/X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1968 January 19 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AAF-2-108.
  • Te / ne Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1968 January 22 - . 03:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-11.
  • Hbeta / ne Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 377 km (234 mi).

1968 January 23 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II ADD-2-109/ADD-VB-109.
  • Fields / Ionosphere / Micrometeorites Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1968 January 30 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AKD-2A-111.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1968 March 7 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMD-S2-5.
  • O2 profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1968 March 27 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-04.
  • Auroral fluxes Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1968 April 3 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-05.
  • Auroral fluxes Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi).

1968 April 6 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AKF-4-10.
  • Calgary CR / ionos Ionosphere / chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 862 km (535 mi).

1968 April 16 - . 03:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AKD-2A-113.
  • Auroral breakup Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1968 April 18 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AKD-2A-110.
  • Auroral breakup Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1968 April 18 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AKD-2A-112.
  • Auroral breakup Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1968 April 23 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AMF-2A-115.
  • dup for 116? Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi).

1968 April 23 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AMF-2A-116. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Auroral spectrum Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1968 August 2 - . 06:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-18.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi).

1968 August 22 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Complex: Fort Churchill LC7. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Launcher test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1968 October 8 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AKF-3-40.
  • X-ray astronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1968 October 9 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AKF-3-39.
  • Ionosphere / chemical release / solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1968 October 31 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-31.
  • PCA Ionos Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1968 November 1 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-33.
  • PCA Ionos Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1968 November 19 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II BB-2.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1968 November 19 - . 04:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-32. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1968 December 4 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA ALF-IV-12. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 December 4 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ALF-3-17.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1968 December 13 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Complex: Fort Churchill LC7. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AAF-2-125.
  • Geminids Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1968 December 18 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AKD-VB-21.
  • Calgary auroral Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 363 km (225 mi).

1969 January 14 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAF-4-17. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1969 January 28 - . 07:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AEF-2-118.
  • N2, temperature profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1969 February 12 - . 06:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Launcher test.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 February 13 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AMF-2-46.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1969 February 19 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AMF-2-117.
  • VUV auroral spectrum Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1969 March 6 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAD-4-16.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 791 km (491 mi).

1969 March 10 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AKD-VB-20.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi).

1969 March 11 - . 03:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-22.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1969 March 29 - . 00:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-37.
  • O2 infrared profile Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1969 March 29 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-38.
  • O2 infrared profile Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1969 April 1 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-23.
  • VUV auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 372 km (231 mi).

1969 April 12 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADF-3-29. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1969 May 1 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AHF-4-14.
  • Electron content Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 760 km (470 mi).

1969 May 7 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AHF-4-15.
  • Electron content Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 820 km (500 mi).

1969 September 11 - . 01:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AAD-2-122.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1969 September 12 - . 01:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AAD-2-123.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1969 October 25 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AKF-3B-50.
  • Soft X-ray survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1969 October 26 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAF-3B-51.
  • Soft X-ray survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1969 November 3 - . 10:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAF-3B-48.
  • Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1969 November 5 - . 11:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAF-3B-49.
  • Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1969 December 3 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AMF-3-47.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1969 December 3 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AMF-3-46.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1969 December 15 - . 02:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAF-4-20.
  • Auroral particles Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 774 km (480 mi).

1970 January 14 - . 04:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-29.
  • Auroral lower elevatuib Ionosphere / plasma / meteor mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1970 February 24 - . 07:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AAD-4-23.
  • VLF / Particles Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 796 km (494 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AAF-3A-42.
  • Eclipse solar ultraviolet and x-rays mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AAF-3A-43.
  • Eclipse solar ultraviolet and x-rays mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AAF-3A-44.
  • Eclipse solar ultraviolet and x-rays mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 19:03 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AAF-3A-45.
  • Eclipse solar ultraviolet and x-rays mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1970 April 22 - . 08:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AEF-2-121. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1970 April 24 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AMD-VB-25.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi).

1970 August 16 - . 03:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAD-VB-31.
  • E fields Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1970 November 13 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-9.
  • D-region O profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1970 December 7 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AKF-4A-19.
  • Twilight airglow Aeronomy / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 770 km (470 mi).

1970 December 14 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAD-VB-30.
  • Geminids Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1971 January 13 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II ADD-2-124.
  • O2 profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1971 January 21 - . 02:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AKD-VB-27.
  • Auroral Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1971 January 23 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-24.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi).

1971 January 26 - . 17:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AMD-VB-26.
  • Airglow Ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1971 February 5 - . 22:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AKF-4B-24.
  • Impedance dipole Aurora / ionosphere / meteorology mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 784 km (487 mi).

1971 February 20 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4A. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVA AKF-4A-18.
  • Auroral emissions Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 785 km (487 mi).

1971 February 28 - . 07:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AND-3-41.
  • Microwave background Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1971 March 3 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-32.
  • Electrons / ions Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi).

1971 March 20 - . 07:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AHF-2-115.
  • Auroral VUV Test / aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 05:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Gillam. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAF-3B-53.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-33.
  • Not in FC Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 06:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-25.
  • Not in FC Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 23:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas NASA 15.97UI.
  • ATT-BA-4 Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NASA; NRCC. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1972 February 8 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-54.
  • Infrared airglow profile Aeronomy / ionosphere / infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1972 February 14 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B.
  • Not in FC - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1972 February 15 - . 03:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II ADD-2-114.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1972 March 21 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III AMF-3A-52.
  • Oxygen recombination Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1972 March 24 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AED-VB-28.
  • Nightglow Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1972 May 17 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB APF-4B-26.
  • X-ray survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 660 km (410 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-55.
  • Aeronomy / Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-56.
  • Aeronomy / Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-57.
  • Aeronomy / Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-58.
  • Aeronomy / Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-59.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-60.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 21:39 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-61.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ADD-3A-62.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1972 December 1 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AND-3B-63.
  • Microwave background Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1973 January 29 - . 05:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-27.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 760 km (470 mi).

1973 February 2 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Gillam. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAF-3B-67.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1973 February 2 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-36.
  • Auroral substorm Aurora / aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1973 February 9 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-28.
  • Aeronomy / plasma / aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 760 km (470 mi).

1973 February 22 - . 03:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAD-3B-64.
  • Auroral plasma Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1973 February 24 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB AAD-3B-65.
  • Auroral plasma Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1973 February 26 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II ADD-2-127.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1973 May 16 - . 09:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-37.
  • Tower modification test / aeronomy / ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi).

1973 May 16 - . 11:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AAF-VI-01.
  • Dust collector Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1973 June 21 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB APF-4B-30.
  • Galactic X-rays X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 686 km (426 mi).

1973 November 25 - . 22:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AMF-VA-40. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1973 December 4 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-10.
  • Oxygen profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1973 December 4 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-11.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1973 December 4 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1973 December 5 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-13.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1973 December 5 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2. LV Configuration: Skua 2 AMM-S2-14.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1974 January 23 - . 06:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AMD-VB-34.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1974 February 13 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-31.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 638 km (396 mi).

1974 February 22 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II ADD-2A-128.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1974 February 28 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AKF-VB-39.
  • ISIS-2 pass Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1974 March 22 - . 16:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AAF-VI-02. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Dust collector Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1974 March 26 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AAF-VI-04.
  • Dust collector Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1974 April 23 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-03.
  • Auroral X-rays Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1974 December 6 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AMF-VB-41.
  • Cusp Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1974 December 11 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-32.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1975 January 30 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AED-VB-43.
  • Auroral/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1975 October 31 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-07.
  • Not in FC Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1975 November 25 - . 23:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AEC-IVA-03.
  • Periquito Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRCC; Sandia. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1975 November 28 - . 23:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AEC-IVA-04.
  • Periquito Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRCC; Sandia. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1976 February 2 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-35. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1976 February 5 - . 05:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-33.
  • Test / aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 730 km (450 mi).

1976 May 11 - . 15:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AAF-VI-10.
  • Sep system test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1976 November 9 - . 12:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB APD-VB-42.
  • Cosmic rays X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1977 January 7 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AED-VB-46.
  • Aurora / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1977 January 13 - . 04:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AAD-VA-45.
  • Auroral UV / infrared Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1977 February 27 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AQF-VI-05.
  • Non-acoustic waves Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1977 March 5 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-02.
  • Auroral Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi).

1977 March 5 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-09.
  • Auroral X-rays Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1977 March 8 - . 04:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-34.
  • Pitch angles Test / aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).

1977 March 8 - . 04:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-08.
  • Auroral X-rays Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1977 March 21 - . 06:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AND-VB-44.
  • CMB spectrum Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1977 December 6 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-03.
  • Dayside Cusp Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1977 December 12 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-04. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Dayside Cusp Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1978 February 8 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AQF-VI-06.
  • Coherent pulse radar Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1978 February 27 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-35.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 785 km (487 mi).

1978 February 27 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-14.
  • Auroral X-rays Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1978 February 28 - . 03:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-15.
  • Auroral X-rays Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1978 April 12 - . 01:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA ADD-VA-49.
  • O / Ozone profile Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1978 April 18 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AAF-VI-13.
  • Dust collector Meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1978 November 25 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-05.
  • CMB spectrum 2 Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi).

1978 December 15 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB APD-VB-47.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi).

1979 February 19 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Eclipse pre Sonde - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 23 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Eclipse pre Sonde - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 24 - . 15:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Eclipse pre Sonde - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 24 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CMSA-1.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 24 - . 17:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CMSA-10.
  • Eclipse preparatory aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: Eclipse Prep. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 25 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • Eclipse Ne - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 25 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CMSA-05.
  • Eclipse preparatory aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: Eclipse Prep. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 25 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Eclipse Sonde - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 26 - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA AMF-VA-51.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1979 February 26 - . 16:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CMSA-06.
  • Eclipse Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: Eclipse. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CMSA-07.
  • Eclipse Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: Eclipse. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • Eclipse Ne - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 26 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Eclipse Sonde - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CMSA-08.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CMSL-09.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Eclipse Met Probe - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 13:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas CMSA-09.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake MCM. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • Eclipse Ne - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki CMSL-10.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Eclipse Met Probe - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 April 27 - . 06:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-16. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Auroral X-rays Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1979 April 28 - . 06:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 6. LV Configuration: Black Brant VI AKF-VI-17.
  • Auroral X-rays Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 December 3 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-06.
  • Auroral substorm Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi).

1979 December 17 - . 06:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5A. LV Configuration: Black Brant VA ADD-VA-48.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1980 February 15 - . 11:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Southend. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-50.
  • Pulsating aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1980 February 23 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Southend. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB ADD-VB-52.
  • Pulsating aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1980 April 6 - . 03:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-NVB-07.
  • Waterhole 1 Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1981 January 19 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AED-VB-54.
  • Upper atmosphere Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

1981 January 26 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-36.
  • Substorm Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 584 km (362 mi).

1981 March 28 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-37.
  • FALCONS Ionosphere / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1981 March 28 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AAF-VB-55.
  • FALCONS Ionosphere / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi).

1981 December 6 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-38.
  • CENTAUR Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 615 km (382 mi).

1981 December 13 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB AAF-4B-39. FAILURE: Failure.
  • CENTAUR Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1982 September 15 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC AMF-VC-53.
  • Solar infrared mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1983 February 7 - . 02:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX AAF-IXC-2.
  • WATERHOLE 3 Plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 333 km (206 mi).

1983 May 12 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8B AAF-VIIIB-8.
  • SABRE Aurora / ionosphere / release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1983 June 11 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC ADD-VC-56.
  • OASIS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1984 February 28 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C ADD-VIIIC-10.
  • ARIES B Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1984 March 3 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C ADD-VIIIC-9.
  • ARIES A Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1984 May 11 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3. LV Configuration: Black Brant III ARS-3A-69.
  • SMERF 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1985 February 15 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IXB AAF-IXB-3.
  • WATERHOLE 4 Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1985 February 15 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10B. LV Configuration: Black Brant XB AAF-XB-01.
  • MARIE Ionosphere / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 979 km (608 mi).

1985 May 6 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 3B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IIIB ARS-3B-70.
  • SMERF 2 (Ozone) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

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