Encyclopedia Astronautica
SSC


Swedish manufacturer of rockets and spacecraft. Swedish Space Corporation, Sweden.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Viking (Sweden) Swedish earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1986.02.22, Viking. Sweden's first satellite, Viking, was originally initiated as a means of providing experience in satellite system development and management. More...
  • Freja Swedish earth magnetosphere satellite. 2 launches, 1992.10.06 (Freja) and (Freja). Freja was designed to image the aurora and measure particles and fields in the upper ionosphere and lower magnetosphere. More...
  • Astrid Swedish earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1995.01.24. Sweden's third scientific satellite and first microsatellite, ASTRID carries an Energetic Neutral Atom analyzer, an Electron Spectrometer and two UV imagers for imaging the Earth's aurora. More...
  • Astrid-2 Swedish earth magnetosphere satellite. One launch, 1998.12.10. Swedish Space Corporation's second microsatellite (based on Astrid-1) was slated to perform high resolution E-field and B-filed measurements in the Earth's auroral regions. More...
  • Odin Swedish infrared astronomy satellite. One launch, 2001.02.20. Odin was a Swedish dual disciplinary (astrophysics and atmospheric science) spacecraft. The 250 kg, 340 W spacecraft had a pointing accuracy of 15 arcsec and a data storage capacity of 100 MB. More...

See also
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Maxus The MAXUS micrograviy program was a collaboration between Sweden and Germany. The single-stage vehicle developed for the program used a Castor 4B motor, the largest fired from Western Europe. More...

SSC Chronology


1963 December 13 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1965 March 1 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.253IA.
  • UJO-6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1965 March 5 - . 20:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.254IA.
  • UJO-8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 October 8 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.499UA.
  • SSC NNA 3 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1972 October 9 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.501UA.
  • SSC NNA 4 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1972 October 12 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.502UA.
  • SSC NNA 5 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1973 February 9 - . 00:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.132IA.
  • SSC S7-2 (SNT 7 / 2) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1973 August 1 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.515UA.
  • SSC NNA 6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1973 August 1 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.516UA.
  • SSC NNA 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1973 August 2 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.414GM.
  • SSC NNC 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1973 August 4 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4 AC. LV Configuration: Skylark 4 AC ER1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • UK / SSC ER1 Earth imaging mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC; SSC. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi).

1973 August 5 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.507GI.
  • SSC NNA 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1973 August 6 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.517UA.
  • SSC NNA 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A (ESRO) C111/1.
  • SSC C111 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.134IE.
  • SSC S10 / 2 (Substorm) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A. LV Configuration: Centaure 2A (ESRO) C111/2.
  • SSC C111 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 19:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.133IE.
  • SSC S10 / 1 (Substorm) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1975 March 5 - . 16:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SSC S16/2.
  • SSC S16 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1975 March 7 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C. LV Configuration: Centaure 2C SSC S13.
  • SSC S13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1975 March 13 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SSC S16/1.
  • SSC S16 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1975 November 21 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SSC S01 (T1).
  • SSC Range test - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1976 January 22 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk SSC S17-1 (EF8).
  • SSC S17 / 1 M / Dtr Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1976 February 21 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SSC S18-2.
  • SSC S18 / 2 D-Layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1976 March 2 - . 23:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SSC S21-1.
  • SSC S21 / 1 TRIGGER Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1976 March 6 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk SSC S17-2.
  • SSC S17 / 2 M / Dtr Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1977 January 15 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SSC S18-1.
  • SSC S18 / 1 D Layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1977 February 8 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3. LV Configuration: Skylark 3 S22.
  • SSC S22 Auroral Arc Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 20:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.213IE.
  • SSC S21 / 2 TRIGGER Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.154UE.
  • SSC AR-1 TRIGGER Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1977 February 15 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SSC S21/3.
  • SSC S21 / 3 TRIGGER Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1977 February 15 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas. LV Configuration: Super Arcas NASA 15.155UE.
  • SSC AR-2 TRIGGER Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1977 October 21 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C SSC S19B.
  • S19 Guidance test - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC S32 NLC-OBS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1978 July 30 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 SSC S26/1 ION.
  • SSC S26A Noctilucent Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1978 August 13 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1. LV Configuration: Skylark 1 SSC S26/2 ION.
  • SSC S26B Ion Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC SSC S23-L1.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C S23-H.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC SSC S23-L2.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 266 km (165 mi).

1979 August 14 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC T3 Test.
  • Dummy Orion test - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1979 August 21 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion NASA 31.16UE.
  • SSC S27 / 2 Twilight B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1979 September 24 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.39UE.
  • SSC S29 Barium-GEOS Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA; SSC. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi).

1981 February 7 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC S35.
  • OXYGEN Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1981 September 30 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C SSC S33.
  • PIRAT Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC S37 CAMP-N.
  • Cold Arctic Mesopause Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC S37 CAMP-P.
  • CAMP-P Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1982 August 3 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC S37 SOAP/1.
  • CAMP / SOAP-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1982 August 4 - . 00:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CAMP TAD Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1982 August 12 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC S37 SOAP/2.
  • CAMP / SOAP-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1983 January 19 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX SSC S36.
  • AURELD-HIGH Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 494 km (306 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC S39/1.
  • SSC SOAP / WINE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1984 February 10 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC S39/2.
  • SSC SOAP / WINE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1984 October 24 - . 16:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC SSC S38.
  • TOR Aurora / fields / chemical release mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1986 February 22 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 1. LV Configuration: Ariane 1 V16.
  • Viking - . Payload: Spot 1 / Viking. Mass: 538 kg (1,186 lb). Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Viking (Sweden). USAF Sat Cat: 16614 . COSPAR: 1986-019B. Apogee: 13,524 km (8,403 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 261.60 min. Studied magnetic, electric, UV properties of auroral regions. Scientific satellite for the investigation of space plasma physics in the part of the magnetosphere close to the Earth, particularly in connection with the auroral phenomena. The nominal mission period is eight months but an extension can be envisaged. ST /SG/SER.E/167: The satellite Viking has ceased to function on 12 May 1987 due to a gradual degradation of its electrical power supply system. The satellite remains, however, in Earth orbit.

1986 November 4 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion SSC S41H.
  • Aureld-VIP-HIGH Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1986 December 12 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion. LV Configuration: Taurus Orion SSC S41L.
  • Aureld-VIP-LOW Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1987 March 19 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IXB MASER 1.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1988 February 29 - . 08:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX MASER 2.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

1989 April 10 - . 08:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna MRL. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX MASER 3.
  • MASER 3 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1990 February 20 - . 09:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC ANODE.
  • DYANA Nitric oxide Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1990 February 25 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC ATOMIC 1.
  • DYANA Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1990 February 28 - . 00:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC ATOMIC 2.
  • DYANA Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1990 May 29 - . 05:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC SPINRAC test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1991 May 8 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 1. FAILURE: Failed..
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi). Microgravity experiments. Recovered, although it reached only a fraction of the planned altitude. The MAXUS sounding rocket program began in 1989 and the first launch took place in 1991.The program was a joint venture between the Swedish Space Corporation and the German space company EADS-ST. The Maxus program was financed by ESA. The scientific objective was to perform experiments during 12-13 minutes of microgravity (10-4 g) using a single stage sounding rocket motor. The motor, a Castor 4B, had a maximum acceleration of 13 g, a top speed of 3500 m/sec and reached an apogee of around 750 km depending on the payload mass.

1991 August 9 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC DECIMALS NLC-91.
  • N-A-D14 DECIMALS A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1991 August 10 - . 01:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion SSC DECIMALS NLC-91.
  • N-A-D20 DECIMALS B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1992 April 9 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9BM1. LV Configuration: Black Brant 9BM1 MASER 5.
  • MASER 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1992 October 6 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: CZ-2C. LV Configuration: Chang Zheng 2C CZ2C-13 (29).
  • Freja - . Payload: FSW-1 4 / Freja. Mass: 259 kg (570 lb). Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Freja. USAF Sat Cat: 22161 . COSPAR: 1992-064A. Apogee: 1,763 km (1,095 mi). Perigee: 590 km (360 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 108.90 min. Ionospheric, auroral, amgnetospheric studies. Freja is a Swedish/German satellite designed for research into the aurora. The satellite was launched piggyback on a Long March 2C (CZ-2C) rocket and weighs 214 kg in orbit. It is a sun-pointing spinner (10 rpm) with a 2.2 m diameter. It will make high re solution measurements in the upper ionosphere and lower magnetosphere. Data will be received at Esrange, Kiruna, Sweden and at the Prince Albert Satellite Station in Canada's Saskatchewan Province. Launch time 0620 UT.

1992 November 8 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 1B.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: SSC; DLR. Apogee: 717 km (445 mi). Summary: Microgravity experiments. Relaunch of the Maxu 1 mission..

1993 August 2 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO-203 NLC-93.
  • SSC Decimals A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR; SSC. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 01:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO-204 NLC-93.
  • SSC Decimals B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR; SSC. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1993 November 4 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 MASER 6.
  • MASER 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1994 December 5 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion SSC HYGROSOND.
  • Hygrosonde Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1995 January 24 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Astrid - . Mass: 26 kg (57 lb). Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Astrid. USAF Sat Cat: 23464 . COSPAR: 1995-002B. Apogee: 1,027 km (638 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Summary: Auroral plasma and auroral imaging..

1995 November 28 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 2.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: SSC; DLR. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi).

1995 December 4 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion SSC REXUS.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1996 May 3 - . 04:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-221.
  • MASER 7 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1997 June 4 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion SSC GYROTEST.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1998 January 26 - . 12:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO2-230.
  • SSC MERMAID Microgravity / education mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC; DLR. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1998 February 7 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 DLR K-GR-231.
  • TEXUS 36 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1998 March 3 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO2-233.
  • SSC NLTE-1 Atomic 2A Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1998 March 6 - . 21:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR K-NO2-234.
  • SSC NLTE-2 Atomic 2B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1998 March 7 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 March 7 - . 01:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Chaff.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1998 November 24 - . 09:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 3.
  • Biological/Physics mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC; ESA. Apogee: 713 km (443 mi).

1998 December 10 - . 11:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Astrid-2 - . Mass: 30 kg (66 lb). Nation: Sweden. Agency: RVSN. Manufacturer: SSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Astrid-2. USAF Sat Cat: 25568 . COSPAR: 1998-072B. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 973 km (604 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Summary: Swedish Space Corporation micro-satellite Astrid-2 was ejected from the Nadezdha 5 COSPAS satellite at 15:25 GMT and was to measure the auroral electromagnetic fields and particle environment..

1999 May 14 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 MASER 8.
  • MASER 8 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

2000 March 27 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 TEXUS 37.
  • TEXUS 37 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

2000 April 2 - . 07:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 TEXUS 38.
  • TEXUS 38 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

2001 February 20 - . 08:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Svobodniy. Launch Complex: Svobodniy LC5. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Start-1.
  • Odin - . Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Sweden. Agency: ZAO. Manufacturer: SSC. Class: Astronomy. Type: Infrared astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Odin. USAF Sat Cat: 26702 . COSPAR: 2001-007A. Apogee: 580 km (360 mi). Perigee: 573 km (356 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 96.20 min. Sweden's Odin scientific satellite carried a submillimeter wave astronomy instrument and a radiometer for atmospheric studies. The 1.1-meter reflector fed 500 GHz and 119 GHz radiometers and was used to study galactic molecular clouds, complementing NASA's SWAS satellite. The Odin satellite was designed and built by the Swedish Space Corporation (Svenska Rymdbolaget or Rymdaktiebolaget). SSC does most of its satellite design and construction in-house, although Saab made the antenna and carried out satellite final assembly. SSC was a goverment-owned company and a contractor for the Rymdstyrelsen (Swedish National Space Board).

2001 April 29 - . 11:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 4.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC; ESA. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi).

2001 May 8 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 TEXUS 39.
  • TEXUS 39 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

2001 December 15 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Wind.
  • Hygrosonde II Meteorological mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 December 15 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Wind.
  • Hygrosonde II Met Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2001 December 16 - . 03:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Hygrosonde II Meteorological mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 December 16 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion SSC Hygrosond-2.
  • Hygrosonde II Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2001 December 16 - . 05:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Falling Sphere.
  • Hygrosonde II Meteorological mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2001 December 16 - . 06:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki Falling Sphere.
  • Hygrosonde II Meteorological mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 March 16 - . 09:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 MASER 9.
  • MASER 9 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

2003 April 1 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 5.
  • Maxus 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC; ESA. Apogee: 701 km (435 mi). Summary: Suborbital microgravity payload. Launch delayed from 31 March..

2003 April 8 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 TEXUS 40.
  • TEXUS 40 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

2004 October 28 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion SSC REXUS II.
  • REXUS-2/ECOMA Education/Meteor mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR; SSC. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi). The REXUS program was a joint project between the Swedish Space Corporation SSC, ESRANGE, and the Mobile Rocket Base (Moraba) of the German Aerospace Center DLR, conducted by newly founded EUROLAUNCH. The scientific payload capacity was shared between Swedish and German student experimenters. REXUS was considered as an annual sounding rocket program.

2004 November 22 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 6.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC; ESA. Apogee: 706 km (438 mi).

2004 December 2 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 TEXUS 41.
  • TEXUS 41 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

2005 January 10 - . 03:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAGIC support Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2005 January 10 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion SSC MAGIC.
  • MAGIC Meteorite dust mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

2005 January 10 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAGIC support Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

2005 January 10 - . 07:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • MAGIC support Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2005 May 2 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7. LV Configuration: Skylark 7 MASER 10.
  • MASER 10 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi). Summary: Final flight of Skylark suborbital rocket. MASER 10 carried two biology experiments and three fluid physics experiments. The payload spent six minutes in microgravity and worked perfectly during the flight..

2005 December 1 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS EML-1/TEXUS 42 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC; DLR. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). This was the first launch of the Brazilian sounding rocket VSB-30, replacing the British Skylark, from Esrange. The speed when leaving the launcher was about 60 m/s and after 45 seconds of acceleration the max speed was over 200 m/s. During the flight the experiments onboard spent approximately 6 minutes of microgravity and all experiments worked successfully. The payload was brought back for analysis at Esrange by helicopter within one hour after landing.

2006 April 5 - . 05:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion. LV Configuration: Improved Orion REXUS 3.
  • Education mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR; SSC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

2006 May 2 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Maxus. LV Configuration: Maxus MAXUS 7.
  • Maxus 7 - . Nation: Europe. Agency: SSC; ESA. Apogee: 702 km (436 mi). Suborbital microgravity mission. Kaiser-Threde developed a new payload service system for MAXUS 7, providing 2 independent TV-links with 2 high power HF transmitters and GPS. The recovery system was a BAL ORSA system, modified by Kaiser-Threde, including parachute from DLR.

2006 May 10 - . 08:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS 43 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC; DLR. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). Summary: The TEXUS 43 mission gave around six minutes of microgravity to the 407 kg payload contributed by five investigators from three different institutes.

2008 May 15 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • MASER 11 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

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