Encyclopedia Astronautica
USAF AFMC


American agency. Air Force Materiel Command, USA.

AKA: USAF.

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Associated Countries
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  • Agency Agencies or institutions overseeing design, development, construction, or operation of space-related systems. More...

Associated Programs

USAF AFMC Chronology


1992 October 25 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RSLP AST-DT 2 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1993 June 15 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RSLP TDT-1 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1993 August 2 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 403A. LV Configuration: Titan 403A K-11 (45F-9). FAILURE: Failure.
  • SSU - . Payload: SSU. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Spacecraft: NOSS. COSPAR: F930802D. Apogee: 33 km (20 mi).
  • TLD - . Payload: TLD. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Spacecraft: NOSS. COSPAR: F930802E. Apogee: 33 km (20 mi).
  • SSU - . Payload: SSU. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Spacecraft: NOSS. COSPAR: F930802C. Apogee: 33 km (20 mi).
  • SSU - . Payload: SSU. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Spacecraft: NOSS. COSPAR: F930802B. Apogee: 33 km (20 mi).

1993 October 5 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2G. LV Configuration: Titan II SLV 23G-5 / M68B-65 / 63-7720. FAILURE: Star-37XFP-ISS kick-motor malfunction.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Landsat 6 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Program: Landsat. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Landsat 6. Decay Date: 1993-05-10 . COSPAR: F931005A. Apogee: 724 km (449 mi).

1996 September 27 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 MSLS IFT-Demo.
  • MSLS - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi).

1997 January 17 - . 01:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 MSLS IFT-1.
  • IFT-1 EKV Target Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Summary: Minuteman launched an MSLS target vehicle for the EKV anti-ballistic missile interceptor launched from Kwajalein Atoll..

1997 June 24 - . 03:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 MSLS IFT-1A.
  • MSLS IFT-1A Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi). RSLP (MSLS) IFT-1A. The target cluster consisted of 10 objects: one mock warhead, one bus (the stage of the missile which releases the warhead and decoys), and eight decoys. Three decoys were conical in shape, like the warhead, and five were spherical balloons. One balloon was large – 2.2 meters in diameter – and had a brighter IR signature than the mock warhead. The two medium-sized balloons were about as bright as the mock warhead; they did not deploy as expected and were not reliable parts of the testing program. The two small balloons were released via a canister and were much dimmer than the mock warhead.

1998 January 16 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 MSLS IFT-2.
  • MSLS IFT-2 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi). Summary: The same decoy set used in IFT-1A was also used in IFT-2. The target cluster consisted of 10 objects: one mock warhead, the bus (the stage of the missile which releases the warhead and decoys), and eight decoys..

1999 October 3 - . 02:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 MSLS IFT-3.
  • MSLS IFT-3 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi). The only decoy used in IFT-3 was the large balloon from IFT-1A and IFT-2. It had an IR signature six times higher than that of the mock warhead. Because the decoy was so much brighter than the mock warhead, the EKV saw it first. Once the EKV realized that the balloon’s IR signature did not match the target data loaded prior to the test, the interceptor shifted to the nearby target.

2000 January 19 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 MSLS IFT-4.
  • MSLS IFT-4 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi). Summary: The only decoy used was the single large balloon from the previous tests. Smaller balloons originally had been planned to be a part of IFT-4, but were dropped in an attempt to simplify the test..

2000 January 27 - . 03:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC8. LV Family: Minotaur. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 1. LV Configuration: Minotaur 1 1.
  • JAWSAT - . Payload: P98-1. Mass: 64 kg (141 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Manufacturer: Weber. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: JAWSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 26061 . COSPAR: 2000-004A. Apogee: 805 km (501 mi). Perigee: 753 km (468 mi). Inclination: 100.1976 deg. Period: 100.36 min. Summary: Joint USAF Academy/Weber State Satellite. Payloads included a plasma experiment, a particle detector, and a technology test..
  • ASUSAT - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Manufacturer: Arizona. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ASUSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 26065 . COSPAR: 2000-004E. Apogee: 809 km (502 mi). Perigee: 754 km (468 mi). Inclination: 100.2009 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Arizona State University satellite with an Earth imager and an amateur radio transponder..
  • OPAL - . Payload: Orbiting Picosat Launcher. Mass: 13 kg (28 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Manufacturer: Stanford. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: OPAL. USAF Sat Cat: 26063 . COSPAR: 2000-004C. Apogee: 808 km (502 mi). Perigee: 754 km (468 mi). Inclination: 100.1991 deg. Period: 100.39 min. Stanford University Orbiting Picosat Automated Launcher. Carried an acclerometer, a magnetometer, and six small picosatellites - Picosat 1 and 2, Stensat, and the Artemis triplets (JAK, Thelma, and Louise). The first two were deployed on February 7 at 0334:16 GMT. OPAL transmitter problems delayed the initial release.
  • Falconsat - . Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Manufacturer: USAF Colorado Springs. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Falconsat. USAF Sat Cat: 26064 . COSPAR: 2000-004D. Apogee: 810 km (503 mi). Perigee: 754 km (468 mi). Inclination: 100.2003 deg. Period: 100.41 min. Summary: USAF Academy satellite, carried the CHAWS-LD (Charging Hazards and Wake Studies-Long Duration) experiment to measure spacecraft charging effects in LEO..

2000 May 28 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minotaur. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 2. LV Configuration: Minotaur 2 TLV Demo.
  • OSPTLV 1 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Summary: OSP-TLV (TLV-Demo) Missile Defense Technology.

2000 July 8 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 MSLS IFT-5.
  • MSLS IFT-5 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). A C-band transponder on the mock warhead provided location information; its data was compared against its GPS receiver to determine its accuracy. The only decoy used was the large balloon from previous tests. It did not inflate properly, causing MDA officials to use a different decoy in the future.

2001 July 15 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 MSLS IFT-6.
  • IFT-6 GMDS target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi). The Minuteman II flew a suborbital trajectory with an apogee of around 1600 km and reentered near Kwajalein Atoll. The Boeing Minuteman II had an M55E1 first stage, an SR19 second stage and an M57A1 third stage. One large decoy balloon was used, 1.7 meters in diameter, slightly smaller than the balloon used earlier as a decoy. This new decoy still had an IR signature much brighter (approximately three times) than that of the mock warhead.

2001 August 31 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. Launch Vehicle: Orbus. LV Configuration: GBI BV-2.
  • GMDS BVT-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

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