Encyclopedia Astronautica
VVS


Russian air force.

More... - Chronology...


Associated People
  • Agaltsov Agaltsov, Fillip Aleksandrovich (1900-1980) Russian officer. Air Force Deputy Commander-in-Chief 1958-1962. Directed the first selection of cosmonauts. More...
  • Rudenko Rudenko, Sergei Ignatyevich (1904-1990) Russian officer. First Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Air Force 1958-1968. Oversaw cosmonaut training. More...
  • Bakhchivangi Bakhchivangi, Grigori Yakovlevich (1908-1943) Russian test pilot, 1935-1943. Set 1943 world speed record in BI-1 rocketplane, but killed when it crashed. More...
  • Kamanin Kamanin, Nikolai Petrovich (1908-1982) Russian VVS Officer, first commander of Soviet cosmonaut detachment 1960-1971. Advocate of piloted spaceflight, fought constantly for VVS role in space, blamed loss of space race on Korolev's insistence on using automated systems. More...
  • Goreglyad Goreglyad, Leonid Ivanovich (1915-1986) Russian officer. General Staff representative of the Cosmonaut Training Centre Aide to Kamanin. More...
  • Sirobaba Sirobaba, Ya Ya (1917-) Russian officer. Deputy Commander for Research for KIK Space Tracking Network 1971-1975. More...
  • Beregovoi Beregovoi, Georgi Timofeyevich (1921-1995) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 3. More...
  • Zhukov, Nikolai Zhukov, Nikolai Nikolayevich (1922-) Russian officer. Lieutenant General; Chief of Staff for GUKOS Space Command 1982-1984 More...
  • Sidorenko Sidorenko, Valentin I (1926-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1962-1963. Pilot, Soviet Air Force. Selected as a cosmonaut on 3 December 1962, but on 8 January 1963 and again on 13 December 1963 the government commission refused to approve the appointment. More...
  • Demin Demin, Lev Stepanovich (1926-1998) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 15. More...
  • Komarov Komarov, Vladimir Mikhailovich (1927-1967) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Voskhod 1, Soyuz 1. First person to die during spaceflight when the parachute lines of Soyuz 1 tangled and it crashed to earth. Cosmonaut training March 1960 - 3 April 1961. Call sign: Rubin (Ruby). More...
  • Matinchenko Matinchenko, Aleksandr Nikolayevich (1927-1999) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1972. More...
  • Shatalov Shatalov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1927-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 4, Soyuz 8, Soyuz 10. Made first Soviet space docking. More...
  • Ilyushin Ilyushin, Vladimir Sergeyevich Russian test pilot. Most tangible phantom cosmonaut, purported first man in orbit according to French press report two days before Gagarin. A real person and test pilot, but no evidence he ever flew in space or trained as a cosmonaut. More...
  • Lazarev Lazarev, Vasili Grigoryevich (1928-1990) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18-1. Survived first manned spaceflight abort during launch. More...
  • Filipchenko Filipchenko, Anatoli Vassilyevich (1928-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 7, Soyuz 16. More...
  • Dobrovolsky Dobrovolsky, Georgi Timofeyevich (1928-1971) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 11. Member of first crew to stay aboard a space station, however perished during landing. More...
  • Nikolayev Nikolayev, Andrian Grigoryevich (1929-2004) Chuvash-Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 3, Soyuz 9. First person to fly more than one day in space. Married Valentina Tereshkova, and fathered first child born to parents that had both flown in space. More...
  • Bululkov Bululkov, Vladimir Alekseyevich (1929-) Russian officer. Major General, Deputy Chief of the Mozhaiskiy Military Engineering Institute 1984-1989. More...
  • Filatyev Filatyev, Valentin Ignatyevich (1930-1990) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963. More...
  • Artyukhin Artyukhin, Yuri Petrovich (1930-1998) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 14. Member of first military space station mission. More...
  • Voronov Voronov, Anatoli Fyodorovich (1930-1993) Russian navigator cosmonaut, 1963-1979. More...
  • Belousov Belousov, Boris Nikolayevich (1930-1998) Belarusian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1968. More...
  • Popovich Popovich, Pavel Romanovich (1930-2009) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 4, Soyuz 14. Commander of first military space station mission. More...
  • Vorobyov Vorobyov, Lev Vasilyevich (1931-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1963-1974. More...
  • Gubarev Gubarev, Aleksey Aleksandrovich (1931-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 17, Salyut 6 EP-2. More...
  • Sorokin Sorokin, Dr Aleksey Vasilyevich (1931-1976) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1964-1964. Soviet Air Force Physician. On the staff of the cosmonaut training center, working in the field of aerospace medicine.Later head of department at several scientific institutes. More...
  • Popovich, Marina Popovich, Marina Lavrentrevna Vasliyevna (1931-) Russian engineer at Antonov, VVS officer and test pilot, holder of 13 aviation world records, wife of cosmonaut Pavel Popovich, world-renowned UFO expert. More...
  • Pitskhelauri Pitskhelauri, Lado Vladimirovich (1932-) Russian engineer cosmonaut candidate, 1965. Was married to cosmonaut Tatiyana Kuznetsova.. Engineer, Soviet Air Force. Selected as a cosmonaut in August 1965, but on 23 October 1965 the selection was nullified by a government commission. More...
  • Kuklin Kuklin, Anatoli Petrovich (1932-2006) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1963-1975. Left cosmonaut corps for medical reasons (heart problems) in July 1975 . Worked on the General Staff of the Soviet Air Force until retirement in 1987. More...
  • Degtyarov Degtyarov, Dr Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1932-) Russian physician cosmonaut, 1965-1966. More...
  • Porvatkin Porvatkin, Nikolai Stepanovich (1932-2009) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1967-1983. Graduated from Technical Air Force School, 1952. Graduated from Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy, Monino, 1960. Cosmonaut training May 1967 - 18 August 1967. Worked at NPO Energia. More...
  • Zaikin Zaikin, Dmitri Alekseyevich (1932-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1969. More...
  • Kartashov Kartashov, Anatoli Yakovlevich (1932-2005) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1961. More...
  • Burdayev Burdayev, Mikhail Nikolayevich (1932-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1967-1983. Graduated from Air Force Engineering Academy, doctorate degree, 1987. Cosmonaut training from May 1967 - 18 August 1969. Worked as trainer at the Gagarin Center. Professor in space ballistics from 1994. More...
  • Anikeyev Anikeyev, Ivan Nikolayevich (1933-1992) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963. Left with Filatyev and Nelyubov after alcohol incident. After discharge, again served as Air Force pilot and then navigation officer for ground control services of the Soviet Air Force. More...
  • Alekseyev Alekseyev, Vladimir Borisovich (1933-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1967-1983. More...
  • Khrunov Khrunov, Yevgeni Vassilyevich (1933-2000) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 4/5. Member of first crew to transfer between spacecraft. More...
  • Rafikov Rafikov, Mars Zakirovich (1933-2000) Tatar-Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1962. More...
  • Gagarin Gagarin, Yuri Alekseyevich (1934-1968) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 1. First person in space. Due to his fame, the Soviet leadership did not want to risk him on another flight, but later relented. Died in a 1968 MiG trainer crash while requalifying for flight status. More...
  • Nelyubov Nelyubov, Grigori Grigoyevich (1934-1966) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963. Discharged with Anikeyev and Filatuev after alcohol incident. Returned to Air Force duties in Siberia, underwent increasing depression, killed in 1966 when hit by a train. More...
  • Leonov Leonov, Aleksei Arkhipovich (1934-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. First person to walk in space. Flew on Voskhod 2, Soyuz 19 (ASTP). Cancelled missions included command of first Soviet circumlunar flight in 1969 and first military space station mission in 1973. More...
  • Bykovsky Bykovsky, Valeri Fyodorovich (1934-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 5, Soyuz 22, Salyut 6 EP-4. More...
  • Varlamov Varlamov, Valentin Stepanovich (1934-1980) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1961. Left team after fracturing a vertebra in a diving accident in July 1960. Worked in the Soviet space program as a flight instructor for new cosmonauts within the TsPK. More...
  • Gorbatko Gorbatko, Viktor Vassilyevich (1934-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 7, Soyuz 24, Salyut 6 EP-7. More...
  • Volynov Volynov, Boris Valentinovich (1934-) Jewish-Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 5, Soyuz 21. More...
  • Kugno Kugno, Eduard Pavlovich (1935-1994) Ukrainian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1964. More...
  • Shonin Shonin, Georgi Stepanovich (1935-1997) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 6. More...
  • Lisun Lisun, Mikhail Ivanovich (1935-) Ukrainian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1989. More...
  • Titov Titov, Gherman Stepanovich (1935-2000) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 2. Second person in orbit. Youngest person in space. Left cosmonaut team for brilliant career in the space forces after deciding his future spaceflight prospects were nil. More...
  • Buinovski Buinovski, Eduard Ivanovich (1936-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1964. More...
  • Kolesnikov Kolesnikov, Gennadi Mikhailovich (1936-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1967. More...
  • Gaidukov Gaidukov, Sergei Nikolayevich (1936-2008) Russian navigator cosmonaut, 1967-1978. Retired due to medical reasons (injured during parachute training). Worked as an engineer until 1988, when he retired from all work for medical reasons. More...
  • Sologub Sologub, Mikhail Vladimirovich (1936-1996) Russian navigator cosmonaut, 1967-1968. More...
  • Bondarenko Bondarenko, Valentin Vasilyevich (1937-1961) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1961. Killed in a fire in a spacecraft simulator run using a a pure oxygen atmosphere. His death had a profound effect on future design of Soviet spacecraft. More...
  • Tereshkova Tereshkova, Valentina Vladimirovna (1937-) Russian cosmonaut. First woman in space, aboard Vostok 6. But the flight was propaganda and future spaceflight opportunities did not develop. Was married to cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev. Later a leading Communist politician. More...
  • Volk Volk, Igor Petrovich (1937-) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EP-4. More...
  • Gulyayev Gulyayev, Vladislav Ivanovich (1937-1990) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1963-1968. Graduated from Soviet Navy Engineering School Cosmonaut training January 1963 - 21 January 1965. Resigned for medical reasons after an accident. Worked at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. Died of a heart attack. More...
  • Zholobov Zholobov, Vitali Mikhailovich (1937-) Ukrainian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 21. More...
  • Solovyova Solovyova, Irina Bayanovna (1937-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969. More...
  • Fastovets Fastovets, Aviard Gavrilovich (1937-) Russian test pilot, 1963-2001. From 1963 to 1978 test pilot for the Spiral spaceplane. More...
  • Preobrazhensky Preobrazhensky, Vladimir Yevgenyevich (1939-1993) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1980. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute Soviet Air Force, liaising with aircraft industrial enterprises. Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Worked at Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. Killed in an auto crash. More...
  • Yerkina Yerkina, Zhanna Dmitriyevna (1939-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969. More...
  • Illarionov Illarionov, Valeri Vasilyevich (1939-1999) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1970-1992. Graduated from Higher Air Force School, 1967 Soviet Air Force, specialized in communications systems. Served as CapCom during several Soyuz missions. Also involved in the Buran program. More...
  • Sharafutdinov Sharafutdinov, Ansar Ilgamovich (1939-) Tatar-Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1968. Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Withdrawn from cosmonaut team for medical reasons. Retired from active military duty in 1985. Later taught at a Higher School. More...
  • Glazkov Glazkov, Yuri Nikolayevich (1939-2008) Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 24. More...
  • Beloborodov Beloborodov, Valeri Mikhailovich (1939-2004) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1967-1969. More...
  • Isakov Isakov, Vladimir Timofeyevich (1940-) Russian navigator cosmonaut, 1967-1983. More...
  • Shcheglov Shcheglov, Vasily Dmitriyevich (1940-1973) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1972. Graduated from Yeisk Higher Military Pilot School, 1963 Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Withdrawn from cosmonaut team for medical reasons. Died of lung cancer. More...
  • Khludeyev Khludeyev, Yevgeni Nikolayevich (1940-1995) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1965-1988. Graduated from Kiev AF Academy of Engineering,1962. Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Worked as research scientist at the Gagarin Center. Involved in the Buran program from 1986 - 1988. Died of a heart attack. More...
  • Yakovlev Yakovlev, Oleg Anatolyevich (1940-1990) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1973. More...
  • Fyodorov Fyodorov, Anatoli Pavlovich (1941-2002) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1974. Graduated from E.N. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School, 1963. Cosmonaut training November 1965-December 1967. Flight controller in Kaliningrad until he retired in 1992. More...
  • Levchenko Levchenko, Anatoli Semyonovich (1941-1988) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir LII-1. Graduated from Chernigov Higher Air Force School, 1964. Buran test pilot; cosmonaut training December 1978 - July 1980. Later a civil test pilot for the Soviet Air Force Ministry. Died of a brain tumor in Moscow. More...
  • Kuznetsova Kuznetsova, Tatyana Dmitryevna nee Pitskhelauri (1941-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969. More...
  • Lyakhov Lyakhov, Vladimir Afanasyevich (1941-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-3, Salyut 7 EO-2, Mir EP-3. More...
  • Kizim Kizim, Leonid Denisovich (1941-2010) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-5, Salyut 7 EO-3, Mir EO-1. Member of first crew to fly between two space stations during a single mission. 374 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Pisarev Pisarev, Viktor Mikhailovich (1941-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1967-1968. More...
  • Malyshev Malyshev, Yuri Vassilyevich (1941-1999) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-6, Salyut 7 EP-3. More...
  • Sattarov Sattarov, Nail Sharipovich (1941-) Tatar-Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1980. More...
  • Sarafanov Sarafanov, Gennadi Vassilyevich (1942-2005) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 15. More...
  • Petrushenko Petrushenko, Aleksandr Yakovlevich (1942-1992) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1973. Later worked at Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center, then moved to the satellite control center in Monino until his retirement 1991. More...
  • Zudov Zudov, Vyacheslav Dmitriyevich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 23. More...
  • Kozelsky Kozelsky, Vladimir Sergeyevich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1967-1983. Graduated from Kachinsk, 1963; Monino, 1981. Cosmonaut training 1967.05-1969.08.18. Later Deputy Mir Flight Director. Retired in 1992. More...
  • Bachurin Bachurin, Ivan Ivanovich (1942-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1992. More...
  • Kovalyonok Kovalyonok, Vladimir Vasilyevich (1942-) Belarusian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 25, Salyut 6 EO-2, Salyut 6 EO-6. More...
  • Berezovoi Berezovoi, Anatoli Nikolayevich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-1. More...
  • Voloshin Voloshin, Valeri Abramovich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1969. More...
  • Grishchenko Grishchenko, Vitali Andreyevich (1942-1992) Ukrainian navigator cosmonaut, 1965-1968. More...
  • Dzhanibekov Dzhanibekov, Vladimir Aleksandrovich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EP-1, Salyut 6 EP-9, Salyut 7 EP-1, Salyut 7 EP-4, Salyut 7 EO-4-1b. More...
  • Skvortsov Skvortsov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1942-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1968. Father of cosmonaut Aleksandr Skvortsov, Jr. More...
  • Klimuk Klimuk, Pyotr Ilyich (1942-) Belarusian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 13, Soyuz 18, Salyut 6 EP-3. More...
  • Kramarenko Kramarenko, Aleksandr Yakovlevich (1942-2002) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1965-1969. More...
  • Gruzdev Gruzdev Russian test pilot. Soviet Air Force test pilot, flew the BI-1 rocket plane in 1943. More...
  • Isaulov Isaulov, Yuri Fedorovich (1943-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1970-1982. More...
  • Sokovykh Sokovykh, Anatoli Mikhailovich (1944-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1986. More...
  • Mosolov Mosolov, Vladimir Yemeliyanovich (1944-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1987. More...
  • Chirkin Chirkin, Viktor Martynovich (1944-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1982. More...
  • Dedkov Dedkov, Anatoli Ivanovich (1944-) Belarusian pilot cosmonaut, 1970-1983. More...
  • Stankiavicius Stankiavicius, Rimantas Antanas-Antonovich (1944-1990) Lithuanian test pilot cosmonaut, 1977-1990. Buran Test Pilot, died in crash of a Su-27 fighter at an air show at Treviso, Italy. More...
  • Romanenko Romanenko, Yuri Viktorovich (1944-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-1, Salyut 6 EP-8, Mir LD-1. Father of cosmonaut Roman Romanenko. 430 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Lysenko Lysenko, Aleksandr Ivanovich (1945-1977) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1977-1977. Flying Research Institute named for Gromov of GKOOP. Selected as a cosmonaut for the Buran program by the Gromov Flight Test Center, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission. Died in the crash of a MiG-23 with Mamontov. More...
  • Fefelov Fefelov, Nikolai Nikolayevich (1945-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1970-1995. More...
  • Popov Popov, Leonid Ivanovich (1945-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-4, Salyut 6 EP-10, Salyut 7 EP-2. More...
  • Kozlov, Vladimir Kozlov, Vladimir Ivanovich (1945-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1970-1973. Graduated from Higher Air Force School of Pilots, 1968 Soviet Air Force parachutist. Left cosmonaut group due to medical problems. Served on Russian Air Force Staff. Retired as a Colonel on 6 March 1996. More...
  • Shchukin Shchukin, Alexandr Vladimirovich (1946-1988) Belarusian test pilot cosmonaut, 1980-1988. More...
  • Zabolotski Zabolotski, Viktor Viktorovich (1946-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1984-1997. Cosmonaut training September 1985 - 1987. Buran Test Pilot. Civilian test pilot at the Zhukovsky Flight Test Center of LII. More...
  • Aubakirov Aubakirov, Toktar Ongarbaevich (1946-) Kazakh pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir Austromir. First Kazakh astronaut. More...
  • Titov, Vladimir Titov, Vladimir Georgiyevich (1947-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-10-1, Mir EO-3, STS-63, STS-86. Survived first pad abort during a manned launch. 387 cumulative days in space. SU Air Force. Call sign: Okean (Ocean). More...
  • Protchenko Protchenko, Sergey Filipovich (1947-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1979. More...
  • Viktorenko Viktorenko, Aleksandr Stepanovich (1947-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-1, Mir EO-5, Mir EO-11, Mir EO-17. 489 cumulative days in space. Call sign: Vityaz (Knight). More...
  • Sheffer Sheffer, Yuri Petrovich (1947-2001) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1985-1996. Was married to cosmonaut Tamara Zakharova. More...
  • Borodai Borodai, Alexei Sergeyevich (1947-) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut, 1979-1993. More...
  • Solovyov Solovyov, Anatoliy Yakovlevich (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-2, Mir EO-6, Mir EO-12, Mir EO-19, Mir EO-24. 651 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Volkov, Aleksandr Volkov, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich (1948-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-4-2, Mir EO-4, Mir EO-10. Father of cosmonaut Sergei Volkov. 391 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Pakhomov Pakhomov, A K Russian VVS Test pilot. Russian rocketplane pilot. More...
  • Baberdin Baberdin, Valeri Vasiliyevich (1948-2003) Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992. More...
  • Afanasyev Afanasyev, Viktor Mikhailovich (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-8, Mir EO-15, Mir EO-27, ISS EP-2. 555 cumulative days in space. Buran Test Pilot, 1985-1987. Transferred toTsPK, 1987. Call sign: Derbent (Derbent - Russian city) More...
  • Puchkov Puchkov, Aleksandr Sergeyevich (1948-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1996. More...
  • Bukreyev Bukreyev, Viktor Ivanovich (1949-1977) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1977. Flew for Gromov Institute. Selected as a cosmonaut for the Buran program, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission. Died in an aircraft crash. More...
  • Moskalenko Moskalenko, Nikolai Tikhonovich (1949-2004) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1986. More...
  • Turovets Turovets, Vladimir Yevgeniyevich (1949-1982) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1977-1980. Test pilot, Gromov Flight Research Institute. Selected as a cosmonaut for the Buran program in 1977 by the Gromov Flight Test Center, but the selection was not confirmed by the government commission. Died in the crash of an Mi-8 helicopter. More...
  • Saley Saley, Yevgeni Vladimirovich (1950-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1987. More...
  • Grekov Grekov, Nikolai Sergeyevich (1950-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1986. More...
  • Manakov Manakov, Gennadi Mikhailovich (1950-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-7, Mir EO-13. Buran Test Pilot, 1985-1987. Transferred to TsPK cosmonaut detachment 1987. Call sign: Vulkan (Volcano). More...
  • Ivanov Ivanov, Leonid Georiyevich (1950-1980) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1980. Graduated from Higher Air Force School, Katchinsk, 1971 Major and pilot, Soviet Air Force. Cosmonaut training 23 August 1976 - 30 January 1979. Died in the crash of a MiG-27 aircraft during a test flight. More...
  • Maksimenko Maksimenko, Valery Yevgenyevich (1950-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1991. More...
  • Musabayev Musabayev, Talgat Amangeldyevich (1951-) Kazakh pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-16, Mir EO-25, ISS EP-1. Transferred in 1991 Air Force Special Group. Russian Air Force More...
  • Tolboyev Tolboyev, Maghomed Omarovich (1951-) Avar (Dagestani)-Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1983-1994. More...
  • Kadenyuk Kadenyuk, Leonid Konstantinovich (1951-) Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-87. Longest wait for a spaceflight after becoming an astronaut - 21 years. Soyuz cosmonaut 1976-1983; Spiral pilot 1983-1987; Buran pilot, 1987-1989, NASA PS, 1996. More...
  • Vasyutin Vasyutin, Vladimir Vladimirovich (1952-2002) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 7 EO-4-2. More...
  • Tokarev Tokarev, Valeri Ivanovich (1952-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on STS-96, ISS EO-12. Russian Air Force test pilot, flying 44 types of aircraft and helicopters. Selected as Buran test pilot in 1987. From 1994, commander cosmonaut group for aerospace systems. More...
  • Pushenko Pushenko, Nikolay Alekseyevich (1952-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1996. More...
  • Korzun Korzun, Valeri Grigoryevich (1953-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-22, ISS EO-5. 381 cumulative days in space. Call sign: Fregat (Frigate). More...
  • Prikhodko Prikhodko, Yuri Victorovich (1953-2001) Tajik-Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1989-1994. More...
  • Tsibliyev Tsibliyev, Vasili Vasilyevich (1954-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-14, Mir EO-23. 381 cumulative days in space. Call sign: Sirius (Sirius). More...
  • Tresvyatski Tresvyatski, Sergei Nikolayevich (1954-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1985-1996. More...
  • Krichevsky Krichevsky, Sergei Vladimirovich (1955-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1989-1998. More...
  • Yablontsev Yablontsev, Aleksandr Nikolaevich (1955-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1989-1996. More...
  • Polonski Polonski, Anatoly Borisovich (1956-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1989-1991. Test pilot and Colonel, Soviet Air Force Test Pilot School. Cosmonaut training March 1989 - April 1991. Later a test pilot at Khalovskaya. More...
  • Artsebarsky Artsebarsky, Anatoli Pavlovich (1956-) Russian test pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-9. More...
  • Vozovikov Vozovikov, Sergei Yuriyevich (1958-1993) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1993. Graduated from Higher Military Pilot School, Armavir, 1979. Cosmonaut training 1 October 1990 - 6 March 1992. Drowned during recovery training in the Black Sea. More...
  • Padalka Padalka, Gennadi Ivanovich (1958-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-26, ISS EO-9, ISS EO-19. 585 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Onufrienko Onufrienko, Yuri Ivanovich (1961-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-21, ISS EO-4. 389 cumulative days in space. After leaving cosmonaut corps in April 2004, assigned as Deputy Chief for the First Administration of RGNII TsPK. Call sign: Skif (Skif - Roman-age tribe). More...
  • Malenchenko Malenchenko, Yuri Ivanovich (1961-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-16, STS-106, ISS EO-7, ISS EO-16. Call sign: Agat (Agate). 514 cumulative days in space. More...
  • Gidzenko Gidzenko, Yuri Pavlovich (1962-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-20, ISS EO-1, ISS EP-3. Call sign: Uran (Uranus). More...
  • Zalyotin Zalyotin, Sergey Viktorovich (1962-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-28, ISS EP-4. More...
  • Dezhurov Dezhurov, Vladimir Nikolayevich (1962-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-18, ISS EO-3. Made nine spacewalks, total time 1.58 days. More...
  • Moshkin Moshkin, Oleg Yuriyevich (1964-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-2002. More...
  • Sharipov Sharipov, Saliszan Shakirovich (1964-) Tatar-Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on STS-89, ISS EO-10. First Uzbek astronaut. SU Air Force. More...
  • Lonchakov Lonchakov, Yuri Valentinovich (1965-) Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on STS-100, ISS EP-4, ISS EO-18. Air Defence Force More...
  • Kotov Kotov, Oleg Valeriyevich (1965-) Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-15, ISS EO-22. MD from Moscow Sergei M. Kirov Military Medicine Academy, 1980 . Russian Air Force. Worked in the TsPK, medical department. Cosmonaut training 3 June 1996 - 18 March 1998. More...
  • Ivanishin Ivanishin, Anatoli Alekseyevich (1969-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2003-on. Ivanishin was a Captain in the Russian Air Force at Petrozavodsk when selected. A senior fighter pilot with the VVS, he had flown MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters. Russian Air Force More...
  • Samokutyayev Samokutyayev, Aleksandr Mikhailovich (1970-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2003-on. Flew on ISS EO-27. More...
  • Romanenko, Roman Romanenko, Roman Yuriyevich (1971-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-on. Son of cosmonaut Yuri Romanenko. Graduated from Chernigov Higher Military Air School of Pilots, 1992 Russian Air Force. Cosmonaut training completed November 19. 1999. More...
  • Valkov Valkov, Konstantin Anatolyevich (1971-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-on. Graduated from Barnaul Higher Military Air School of Pilots, 1994 Russian Air Force. Cosmonaut training completed November 19, 1999. More...
  • Ovchinin Ovchinin, Aleksei Nikolaevich (1971-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Major, 70th Seregina Special Flight Test Regiment RGNIITsPK More...
  • Surayev Surayev, Maksim Viktorovich (1972-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-on. Russian Air Force More...
  • Shkaplerov Shkaplerov, Anton Nikolayevich (1972-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2003-on. More...
  • Volkov, Sergey Volkov, Sergey Aleksandrovich (1973-) Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-17, ISS EO-28. Son of cosmonaut Aleksandr Volkov. More...
  • Tarelkin Tarelkin, Yevgeni Igorevich (1974-) Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2003-on. More...
  • Ponomarev Ponomarev, Maksim Vladimirovich (1980-) Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Captain, Special-Purpose Command Staff (Moscow VO) More...

Associated Countries
Associated Spacecraft
  • Malyutka Russian manned rocketplane. Cancelled 1944. The Malyutka rocket point interceptor was designed by Polikarpov beginning in 1943. More...
  • 346 Russian manned rocketplane. 4 flights from 1946. Post-war Soviet version of the German supersonic DFS 8-346 rocket reconnaissance aircraft. Abandoned in 1951 after the prototype crashed. More...
  • I-270 Russian manned rocketplane. Flown 1947. The MiG I-270 rocketplane began as a post-war copy of the German Ju-248 (Me-263) design. The resulting rocketplane had a more refined aerodynamic form than the Me-263 and lower gross weight. More...
  • Umanskiy Space Capsule Soviet manned spacecraft. Study 1965. Small minimum space capsule for emergency return of crew or urgent payloads from orbit. Proposed by an engineer at Soviet Factory 918 in 1965, but no support from the entrenched space interests. More...

See also
  • Agency Agencies or institutions overseeing design, development, construction, or operation of space-related systems. More...

VVS Chronology


1998 October 25 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U 660.
  • Spoutnik-41 - . Nation: France. Agency: ACF; VVS. Manufacturer: AFR. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: PS Model. Decay Date: 1999-01-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 25533 . COSPAR: 1998-062C. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi). Perigee: 313 km (194 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. On a space walk from Mir on November 10, Padalka and Avdeyev hand-launched the Spoutnik-41 amateur-radio mini-satellite at around 19:30 GMT. Spoutnik-41, also designated RS-18, was another scale model of the first satellite, Sputnik 1, launched 41 years ago. It carried a small transmitter and was sponsored by Aero Club de France, AMSAT-France, and the Astronautical Federation of Russia. A similar model was launched in 1997 for the fortieth anniversary of Sputnik. On that occasion, two flight models were carried to Mir but only one was launched. The second Spoutnik-40 flight model was still aboard Mir as of 1998. The second Spoutnik-40 would perhaps be deployed prior to the abandonment of Mir in 1999.

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