Encyclopedia Astronautica
Arctic Ocean


Sounding rocket launches made from naval vessels in the Arctic accounted for 9 launches from 1952 to 2006, reaching up to 1000 kilometers altitude.

More... - Chronology...


See also
  • R-29 First intercontinental submarine-launched ballistic missile (range 7800 km). First flight 1969. Development completed 1973. The variants of this missile were given three different DoD designations over the years (SS-N-8, SS-N-18, and SS-N-23). More...
  • Rockoon The Rockoon (balloon-launched rocket) consisted of a small high-performance sounding rocket launched from a balloon above most of the atmosphere. The Rockoon low-cost technique was conceived during an Aerobee firing cruse of the Norton Sound in March 1949. Rockoons were first launched from icebreaker Eastwind off Greenland by an ONR group under James A. Van Allen. They were later used by ONR and University of Iowa research groups in 1953-55 and 1957, from ships in sea between Boston and Thule, Greenland. A variety of upper stage rocket stages were used. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Deacon Rockoon American sounding rocket. The Rockoon concept involved release of a 12 m diameter balloon from a ship, which took a Deacon sounding rocket to 9 to 27 km altitude in 80 minutes. The rocket was ignited at a preset time or altitude or by remote control, and then boosted an 18 kg payload to a 50 to 100 km altitude. The Deacon was painted black and wrapped in plastic to protect it against the cold, and fitted with larger fins for stability at high altitude. More...
  • Rif Russian orbital launch vehicle. R-39 SLBM adapted for use as suborbital test vehicle or orbital launch vehicle. More...
  • Sineva Russian liquid-propellant submarine-launched ballistic missile. First aunch 2004.02.18; entered service 2007. Competitor was the solid-propellant Bulava. More...

Arctic Ocean Chronology


1952 August 21 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Arctic Ocean. Launch Pad: 80.1 N x 68.5 W. Launch Platform: WYG-279. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Rockoon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • SUI 1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi). Summary: Launched at Arctic Ocean Launch Site 1 Launch Point 1 - - Latitude: 80.10 N - Longitude: 68.47 W..

1952 August 24 - . 03:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Arctic Ocean. Launch Pad: 77.5 N x 73.5 W. Launch Platform: WYG-279. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Rockoon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • SUI 2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi). Summary: Launched at Arctic Ocean Launch Site 1 Launch Point 2 - - Latitude: 77.52 N - Longitude: 73.50 W..

1952 August 29 - . 00:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Arctic Ocean. Launch Pad: 77.6 N x 73.5 W. Launch Platform: WYG-279. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Rockoon.
  • SUI 3 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi). Summary: Launched at Arctic Ocean Launch Site 1 Launch Point 3 - - Latitude: 77.55 N - Longitude: 73.50 W..

1952 August 29 - . 07:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Arctic Ocean. Launch Pad: 77.5 N x 73.5 W. Launch Platform: WYG-279. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Rockoon.
  • SUI 4 Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi). Summary: Launched at Arctic Ocean Launch Site 1 Launch Point 4 - - Latitude: 77.53 N - Longitude: 73.50 W..

1952 August 29 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Arctic Ocean. Launch Pad: 77.4 N x 73.5 W. Launch Platform: WYG-279. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Rockoon.
  • SUI 5 Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Launched at Arctic Ocean Launch Site 1 Launch Point 5 - - Latitude: 77.35 N - Longitude: 73.48 W..

1952 August 31 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Arctic Ocean. Launch Pad: 77.3 N x 72.8 W. Launch Platform: WYG-279. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Rockoon.
  • SUI 6 Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi). Summary: Launched at Arctic Ocean Launch Site 1 Launch Point 6 - - Latitude: 77.33 N - Longitude: 72.83 W..

1952 September 4 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Arctic Ocean. Launch Pad: 77.2 N x 70.2 W. Launch Platform: WYG-279. LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon Rockoon.
  • SUI 7 Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi). Summary: Launched at Arctic Ocean Launch Site 1 Launch Point 7 - - Latitude: 77.18 N - Longitude: 70.22 W..

1995 August 25 - . Launch Site: Arctic Ocean. Launch Pad: 90.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: TK-20. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2006 September 9 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Arctic Ocean. Launch Pad: 90.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. LV Configuration: Sineva VMF RF.
  • R-29RM test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Submarine K-84 Ekaterinburg launched the missile while surfaced in the ice pack from a polar location toward the Chizha impact zone on the Kanin Peninsula. The three warheads were reported to have successfuly reached their targets. This was the first Russian launch from the icepack since 29 August 1995.

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