Encyclopedia Astronautica
Cape Canaveral LC25A


X-17, Polaris launch complex. Complex 25 was built to support the U.S. Navy's Polaris submarine ballistic missile program. The Navy occupied pad 25A in December 1957. Complex 25 supported 68 Polaris missile launches between 18 April 1958 and 6 March 1965. Pads 25A and 25B were dismantled in September 1969.

Longitude: -80.5743 deg.
Latitude: 28.4321 deg.
First Launch: 1958.04.18.
Last Launch: 1965.03.05.
Number: 60 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • X-17 American test vehicle. USAF X-17 flight test program at Cape Canaveral studied reentry problems by simulating reentry velocities and conditions with a three-stage solid-fuel Lockheed X-17. A total of 26 X-17 flights were conducted until March 1957. More...
  • Polaris TV American missile. Single stage test vehicle to test thrust-vectoring system. More...
  • Polaris A1 American missile. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x A1P + 1 x A1P stage 2 More...
  • Polaris A2 American missile. In comparison to the A-1, the Polaris A-2 had a slightly longer first stage and a lighter second-stage motor casing. These features increased range to 2800 km (1500 nm), the performance originally envisioned by the Navy. More...
  • Polaris A3 American missile. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x A3P + 1 x X-260 More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Cape Canaveral America's largest launch center, used for all manned launches. Today only six of the 40 launch complexes built here remain in use. Located at or near Cape Canaveral are the Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, used by NASA for Saturn V and Space Shuttle launches; Patrick AFB on Cape Canaveral itself, operated the US Department of Defense and handling most other launches; the commercial Spaceport Florida; the air-launched launch vehicle and missile Drop Zone off Mayport, Florida, located at 29.00 N 79.00 W, and an offshore submarine-launched ballistic missile launch area. All of these take advantage of the extensive down-range tracking facilities that once extended from the Cape, through the Caribbean, South Atlantic, and to South Africa and the Indian Ocean. More...

Cape Canaveral LC25A Chronology


1958 April 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris TV. LV Configuration: Polaris TV 1-204-11.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1958 May 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris TV. LV Configuration: Polaris TV 1-204-12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1958 June 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. LV Configuration: X-17 1-204-13.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 June 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. LV Configuration: X-17 1-204-14.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 September 24 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1958 October 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1958 December 30 - . 15:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1959 January 19 - . 15:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-4. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1959 February 27 - . 19:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-5. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1959 April 20 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1959 May 8 - . 19:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-8.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1959 May 18 - . 23:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-7. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 June 12 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-10. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 June 29 - . 15:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-9.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1959 July 15 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-11. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1959 August 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 August 25 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-18. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 September 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-14. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1959 October 2 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris AX. LV Configuration: Polaris AX-20. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1960 March 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-14.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 April 30 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-25.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 June 7 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-27. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1960 July 6 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-40. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 July 19 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-41.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 August 4 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-44.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 August 12 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-47.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 August 19 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-43.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 September 2 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-45.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 September 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-48.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 October 5 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-49.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 October 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-53.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 November 7 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-46.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 November 10 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2X-1.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Advanced Polaris (A-2) successfully launched on record 1,600-mile flight at AMR..

1960 November 17 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-52. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1960 December 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2X-2.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Polaris A-2 successfully test fired 1,400 nautical miles down AMR..

1961 February 6 - . 21:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2X-6. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1961 June 12 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2X-5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1961 September 29 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-50.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1961 December 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-51.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 March 30 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2X-28 (A2M-3). FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1962 May 4 - . 01:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2X-18 (A2MG-1).
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 June 4 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2X-30 (A2MG-2). FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 June 29 - . 14:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2X-29 (A2MG-4).
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 July 26 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2TF-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 August 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2TF-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 August 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2TF-3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1962 August 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2TF-4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 December 19 - . 07:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2G-4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 February 11 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-7.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 May 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 May 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-15.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 June 6 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-25.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 July 3 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-26.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 July 19 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-27.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 August 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-36.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 August 30 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-38.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 December 10 - . 03:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-48.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 March 11 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-58. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1964 July 2 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 March 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2E. LV Configuration: Polaris A2E A2EA-193.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

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