Encyclopedia Astronautica
Fort Churchill LC7


Nike, Black Brant launch complex. Auroral Launcher, Pad 7

Longitude: -93.8150 deg.
Latitude: 58.7327 deg.
First Launch: 1968.08.22.
Last Launch: 1968.12.13.
Number: 3 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Nike American sounding rocket. Single stage vehicles consisting first of just the Nike booster were initially fired in the course of development of the Nike-Ajax surface-to-air missile. Later it was used occasionally as a sounding rocket, but much more often as the boost stage of a multi-stage sounding rocket. More...
  • Nike Iroquois American sounding rocket. Aerojet developed the Nike-Iroquois (also called Niro) to fulfill a US Air Force requirement for a low-cost sounding rocket with roll control and high structural strength. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Fort Churchill Fort Churchill is an Arctic site on Hudson Bay with a rail link. It is near the point of maximum auroral activity. This combination of circumstances made it ideal for far-north sounding rocket launches. In 1954, the Canadian Army conducted the first series of rocket firings at Fort Churchill. Following a period of inactivity, construction of more elaborate facilities in support of the International Geophysical Year began in 1956. IGY firings began in July 1957. The range was closed again in December 1958 after the IGY program ended. It was reopened again in August 1959 by the US Army as part of its network of sounding rocket stations. This allowed use of the site by other groups over the years. More...

Fort Churchill LC7 Chronology


1968 August 22 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Complex: Fort Churchill LC7. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Launcher test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1968 November 9 - . 08:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Complex: Fort Churchill LC7. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AF07.292. FAILURE: Failure.
  • B field / particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi).

1968 December 13 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Complex: Fort Churchill LC7. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AAF-2-125.
  • Geminids Ionosphere / meteorites mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

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