Encyclopedia Astronautica
Johnston Island LC1


Redstone launch complex. Pad 1

Longitude: -169.5222 deg.
Latitude: 16.7365 deg.
First Launch: 1958.08.01.
Number: 1 .

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Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Redstone Redstone was the first large liquid rocket developed in the US using German V-2 technology. Originally designated Hermes C. Redstones later launched the first US satellite and the first American astronaut into space. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Johnston Island US military base on this island in the Pacific Ocean. Used for rocket-launched nuclear tests in the 1950's. In the 1960's it was the site for the operational AFP-437 anti-satellite system. The system was retired in 1975. Several sounding rockets were also launched over the years, either in support of nuclear tests or in experiments related to anti-satellite technology. Known to have been used for 124 launches from 1958 to 1975, reaching up to 1158 kilometers altitude. More...

Johnston Island LC1 Chronology


1958 August 1 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone CC-50. FAILURE: Failure of tilt program device at lift-off causing vertical night flight did not preclude subsequent system operations and successful mission accomplishment..
  • Hardtack Teak Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi). Teak was a rocket-launched test of a live W-39 nuclear warhead. Purpose was to measure the effects of high altitude nuclear explosions in order to design warheads for the Nike-Zeus anti-ballistic missile system. The Hardtack Configuration Redstone shot the 3.8 megaton warhead to an altitude of 77.8 km. This was the first rocket-launched nuclear test by the United States.

1962 July 9 - . 08:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Strypi Antares. LV Configuration: Strypi Antares Project 6.7.
  • STARFISH Diag P-4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 820 km (500 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Strypi Antares. LV Configuration: Strypi Antares Project 6.7 SWIK.
  • STARFISH Diag P-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 1,100 km (600 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 08:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Strypi Antares. LV Configuration: Strypi Antares Project 6.7 SWIK.
  • STARFISH Diag P-7 - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 1,200 km (700 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 08:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SJI-152.
  • STARFISH X-ray - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 08:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SJI-152.
  • STARFISH X-ray/Beta - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 08:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SJI-111.
  • STARFISH X-ray/RCS - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 08:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SJI-151.
  • STARFISH X-ray/RCS - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 08:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SJI-112.
  • STARFISH X-ray/RCS - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Strypi Antares. LV Configuration: Strypi Antares Project 6.7 SWIK.
  • STARFISH Diag P-6 - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 1,030 km (640 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SJS-151.
  • STARFISH RCS - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Strypi Antares. LV Configuration: Strypi Antares Project 6.7 SWIK.
  • STARFISH Diag P-3 - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 09:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Project 6.13.
  • STARFISH Speedball - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 09:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Project 6.13.
  • STARFISH Speedball - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin Project 6.4.
  • STARFISH Diag. - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin Project 6.2.
  • STARFISH Diag. - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 640 km (390 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 09:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache Project 6.13.
  • STARFISH Speedball - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. LV Configuration: Javelin Project 6.2.
  • STARFISH Diag. - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 640 km (390 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 09:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache SJS-152.
  • STARFISH RCS - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1962 July 10 - . 15:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun Project 9.1 Na.
  • STARFISH Na - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

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