Encyclopedia Astronautica
Kapustin Yar PL1


Kosmos 2 launch complex. PL 1, Vladimirovka Air Force test area

Longitude: 46.2621 deg.
Latitude: 48.4116 deg.
First Launch: 1961.12.27.
Last Launch: 1963.03.21.
Number: 2 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • R-12 Ukrainian intermediate range ballistic missile. The R-12 was the first operationally effective intermediate range ballistic missile, the first Soviet missile deployed with a thermonuclear warhead, and the first mass-produced missile in history. 2,300 of the storable propellant rockets were built and deployed in both mobile and silo-based versions for thirty years, from March 1959 to June 1989. It was a primary element in the Soviet deterrent threatening Western Europe and China throughout the Cold War. Deployment of R-12's to Cuba in 1962 precipitated the Cuba Missile Crisis. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Kapustin Yar Russia's first missile test range and used for satellite launches of smaller Kosmos vehicles. V-2's launched from here in 1946 were the first ballistic missiles fired on Soviet territory. It was greatly expanded as the test site for innumerable Soviet intermediate and short range missile projects in the 1950's.. Kapustin Year was also headquarters of the first operational R-1/R-2 units, 1950-1953, and later a base for 12 operational R-14 missile launchers. Kapustin Yar was known to have been used for over 3519 major launches from 1946 to 2007. More...

Kapustin Yar PL1 Chronology


1961 December 27 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar PL1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • MP-1 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi).

1963 March 21 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar PL1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • M-12 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi). Summary: First flight of Raketoplan Chelomei, launched at 16:40 Moscow Time. The reentry vehicle was destroyed during reentry. Maximum Altitude - 400 km. Maximum Speed - 14,400 kph. Distance of free flight - 1900 km..

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