Encyclopedia Astronautica
Makat


Tactical missile base, known to have been used for 34 launches from 1961 to 1965, reaching up to 460 kilometers altitude.

Location: Atyrau.
Longitude: 53.3573 deg.
Latitude: 47.6754 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Kosmos 2 In 1960 the Soviet government decreed development of a lightweight launch vehicle for launch of payloads not requiring R-7 family of boosters. A modification of the R-12 IRBM was selected as the first stage; a new high-performance second stage was developed using a unique Lox/UDMH propellant combination. After two failures, the first successful flight was on March 16, 1962. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • R-12 Ukrainian intermediate range ballistic missile. The R-12 was the first operationally effective intermediate range ballistic missile, the first Soviet missile deployed with a thermonuclear warhead, and the first mass-produced missile in history. 2,300 of the storable propellant rockets were built and deployed in both mobile and silo-based versions for thirty years, from March 1959 to June 1989. It was a primary element in the Soviet deterrent threatening Western Europe and China throughout the Cold War. Deployment of R-12's to Cuba in 1962 precipitated the Cuba Missile Crisis. More...

Makat Chronology


1961 March 2 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • V-1000 target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1961 March 4 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • V-1000 target mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1961 June 9 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • V-1000 target - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1961 June 24 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • V-1000 target - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1961 June 30 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • V-1000 target - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1962 December 6 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • SSATC Target - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1962 December 11 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1962 December 14 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1962 December 19 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1962 December 21 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1962 December 25 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 January 22 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 February 5 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 February 8 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 February 14 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 March 1 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 March 7 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 March 12 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 March 15 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 March 19 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 March 28 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 April 9 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 June 26 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 July 5 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 July 19 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 September 19 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 October 1 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1963 October 4 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1964 February 29 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Target - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1964 March 4 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Target - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1964 March 10 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Target - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1964 March 11 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Target - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1965 April 16 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1965 April 24 - . Launch Site: Makat. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

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