Encyclopedia Astronautica
Peenemuende GWO


V-2, Wasserfall launch complex. Greifswalder Oie

Longitude: 13.9200 deg.
Latitude: 54.2500 deg.
First Launch: 1944.02.29.
Last Launch: 1944.09.22.
Number: 28 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • V-2 The V-2 ballistic missile (known to its designers as the A4) was the world's first operational liquid fuel rocket. It represented an enormous quantum leap in technology, financed by Nazi Germany in a huge development program that cost at least $ 2 billion in 1944 dollars. 6,084 V-2 missiles were built, 95% of them by 20,000 slave labourer in the last seven months of World War II at a unit price of $ 17,877. As many as 3,225 were launched in combat, primarily against Antwerp and London, and a further 1,000 to 1,750 were fired in tests and training. Despite the scale of this effort, the inaccurate missile did not change the course of the war and proved to be an enormous waste of resources. The British, Americans, and Russians launched a further 86 captured German V-2's in 1945-1952. Personnel and technology from the V-2 program formed the starting point for post-war rocketry development in America, Russia, and France. More...
  • Wasserfall Seminal German surface-to-air missile, tested during World War II, but never operational. The V-2-configuration rocket was copied in the USA as the Hermes and in the USSR as the R-101. In Russia it also became the starting point for the R-11/R-17 Scud surface-to-surface missile. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Peenemuende First launch site in the world, used for development of the V-1, A-4/V-2, Wasserfall, and other missiles. Among many major facilities, engine test stands were built that were capable of accommodating planned engines for the A-10 intercontinental missile. 296 known launches were made from the site between 1937 and 1945. More...

Peenemuende GWO Chronology


1944 February 29 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. Launch Pad: GWO?. Launch Vehicle: Wasserfall. LV Configuration: Wasserfall 2. FAILURE: Failure.
1944 March 8 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. Launch Pad: GWO?. Launch Vehicle: Wasserfall. LV Configuration: Wasserfall 3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1944 June 11 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 17725.
  • - . Nation: Germany. Summary: First Oie launch..

1944 June 14 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 17727.
  • - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Launched by Battery 1./485.

1944 June 18 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18012.
  • V-2 M 5 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Launched by Battery 1./485.

1944 June 20 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18014.
1944 June 21 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18017.
1944 June 24 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18013.
1944 June 26 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18015.
1944 July 5 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18143.
1944 July 6 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18144.
1944 July 8 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18020.
1944 July 21 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18019.
1944 July 29 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-178.
1944 August 1 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18207.
  • V-2 Ma28 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: By the end of July there were a total of 125 Peenemuende shots. Presumably the difference 141-125=16 were Oie shots..
  • V-2 Ma24 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Launched by Battery 1./485.

1944 August 2 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18204.
1944 August 4 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-179.
1944 August 12 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18200.
1944 August 15 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18267.
1944 September 15 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18257.
1944 September 17 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18330.
1944 September 19 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-240.
  • V-2 Ma87 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Launched by Battery 3./485.

1944 September 20 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-239.
1944 September 21 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-232.
1944 September 22 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende GWO. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 18179.
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