Encyclopedia Astronautica
Wallops Island LA2


Tomahawk Sandia, Black Brant, Astrobee, Arcas, Apache launch complex. Launch Area 2

Longitude: -75.4834 deg.
Latitude: 37.8376 deg.
First Launch: 1963.04.08.
Last Launch: 1993.03.16.
Number: 23 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Nike Apache American sounding rocket. The most popular sounding rocket introduced during the early 1960's was this two-stage, solid-propellant vehicle consisting of a Nike booster and Apache upper stage. More...
  • Arcas American sounding rocket. The Arcas (All-Purpose Rocket for Collecting Atmospheric Soundings) was developed by the Atlantic Research Corporation for the Office of Naval Research (ONR) with the support of the Navy Bureau of Aeronautics and the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories. Primarily a meteorological rocket, the Arcas was first fired in July 1959. The single-stage version was designed to lift 5.4 kg to 64 km. For more demanding missions, several versions of boosted Arcas were developed, as well as a stretched Super Arcas motor. More...
  • Astrobee 1500 American sounding rocket. Three stage vehicle consisting of 2 x Recruit + 1 x Aerojet Jr + 1 x Alcor More...
  • Black Brant 10 Canadian sounding rocket. Three stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier + 1 x Black Brant VB or VC + 1 x Nihka. Payload 90 kg to 1,200 km or 317 kg to 550 km. More...
  • Taurus Tomahawk Nike Three stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Taurus (Honest John motor) + 1 x Nike + 1 x Tomahawk. Payload 32 kg to 700 km or 125 kg to 400 km. More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • Wallops Island Small NASA launch site for sounding rocket launches and occasional Scout launches to orbit. Air launches are conducted from the Drop Zone Wallops Island, 37.00 N 72.0 W. With the last orbital launch in 1985 and the decline in sounding rocket launches, Wallops fell into near-disuse as a launch center. Its fortunes revised with the establishment of Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport in 2005 and orbital launches resumed in 2010. More...

Wallops Island LA2 Chronology


1963 April 8 - . 11:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Pad: LA2A. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee 1500. LV Configuration: Astrobee 1500 NASA 16.01GT. FAILURE: Failure.
1963 October 31 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.111GT.
  • Vibration test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1964 October 21 - . 19:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Pad: LA2A. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee 1500. LV Configuration: Astrobee 1500 NASA 16.02GT.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,950 km (1,210 mi).

1967 February 25 - . 02:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Pad: LA2A?. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee 1500. LV Configuration: Astrobee 1500 NASA 16.05US.
  • Solar radio frequencies mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2,380 km (1,470 mi).

1967 August 30 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Pad: LA2A?. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee 1500. LV Configuration: Astrobee 1500 NASA 16.03GR.
  • Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1968 April 12 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1968 April 17 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1968 April 20 - . 17:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Pad: LA2A?. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee 1500. LV Configuration: Astrobee 1500 NASA 16.04UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,250 km (770 mi).

1968 September 11 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1968 September 11 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1968 September 12 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1968 October 11 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Martlet. LV Configuration: EXAMETNET W 104.
  • Chute - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 01:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 February 14 - . 11:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1969 June 3 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1969 July 18 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1969 July 23 - . 22:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1969 July 25 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 7-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 7-inch.
  • Cesium package - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1969 October 15 - . 22:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Pad: LA2A?. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee 1500. LV Configuration: Astrobee 1500 NASA 16.06GR.
  • RAE-B Test Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2,575 km (1,600 mi).

1970 March 6 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas NASA 15.66UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas NASA 15.68NM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.435UI.
  • Ionospheric Eclipse ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas NASA 15.69NM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas NASA 15.70NM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.436UI.
  • Eclipse ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.437UI.
  • Eclipse ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.438UI.
  • Eclipse ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas NASA 15.71NM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas NASA 15.67NM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1970 March 7 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas NASA 15.76NM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1970 March 8 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas NASA 15.78NM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1970 March 8 - . 18:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas. LV Configuration: Arcas NASA 15.77NM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 May 13 - . 07:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk Nike. LV Configuration: Taurus Nike Tomahawk NASA 38.08UE.
  • CVE Sr Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 547 km (339 mi).

1987 December 14 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10. LV Configuration: Black Brant X GL A22.703.
  • SPEAR I Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi).

1993 March 16 - . 02:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • SPEAR 3 Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

2002 January 9 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • ANSR - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2002 January 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • Barrage Round - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2003 July 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • ANSR - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2003 September 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • ANSR - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2008 April 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • AGMD Round (Inst) - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2008 April 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • AGMD Round (Inst) - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2008 April 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • AGMD Round - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2008 April 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • AGMD Round - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2008 April 10 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • AGMD Round - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2008 May 6 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Mesquito. LV Configuration: Mesquito NASA 12.066GT.
  • - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

2008 May 7 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. Launch Vehicle: Mesquito. LV Configuration: Mesquito NASA 12.065GT.
  • - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

2010 June 24 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.088UO - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Summary: Educational payload.

2011 July 10 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • NASA 41.090GE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Summary: Ionosphere mission..
  • NASA 21.140GE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Summary: Ionosphere mission..

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