Encyclopedia Astronautica
White Sands LC37


Squirt, HEDI launch complex. LC 37 (Army Launch Area Three) was the main test complex for the Nike Ajax and Nike Hercules surface-to-air missiles. Later additions were used for HIBEX and HEDI KITE launches, and as the Army's Advanced Gun Munitions Test Site.

LC 37 (Army Launch Area Three) was the main test complex for the Nike Ajax and Nike Hercules surface-to-air missiles. Initial Nike unguided research and development firings were from LC-33 (Army Launch Area 1). By the time of the last firing in 1967, several thousand Nike missiles were fired from six launch sections (A through F) located several hundred meters north of the Integrated Fire Control Areas. Sections E and F were west of Range Road 15, the other sections to the east. The missile assembly building and the Ajax fueling stations were located at the western edge of the complex.

LC-37, much larger complex than LC-33, extended from the HIBEX launch facility at 32.41594 N 106.31448 W to 32.41618 N 106.29109 W on the east. Section A was the location of the launcher used for the five Squirts, launched in 1964 and 1965, and Sprint PTV launches in November/December 1965. This was also the launcher used for the HEDI KITE launches, and as the Army's Advanced Gun Munitions Test Site.

Longitude: -106.2911 deg.
Latitude: 32.4155 deg.
First Launch: 1964.01.01.
Last Launch: 1992.08.26.
Number: 8 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
  • HEDI American anti-ballistic missile. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x X-265 + 1 x X-271 More...

Associated Launch Sites
  • White Sands White Sands Missile Range occupies an area 160 x 65 km in the Tularosa Basin of southern New Mexico, across the Sacramento Mountain range from Roswell. In the 1930's, Robert Goddard, after surveying weather conditions and population densities, had selected Roswell for his pioneering rocket tests. White Sands, a true desert area, was even more unpopulated than Roswell. German advances in rocketry during World War II impelled the US Army to begin programs to exploit this technology. The White Sands Proving Ground was established for testing German and American long-range rockets on 9 July 1945. Seven days later the first atomic bomb was exploded at Trinity Site, near the north boundary of the range. The first launch of a Tiny Tim rocket was on 26 September 1945. On 11 October a Tiny Tim boosted a WAC Corporal rocket from the tower. This was the first use of Launch Complex 33, later to be used for V-2, Nike, Viking, Corporal, Lance and Multiple Launch Rocket System testing. More...

White Sands LC37 Chronology


1964 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC37. Launch Vehicle: Squirt. LV Configuration: Squirt-1.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1964? - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC37. Launch Vehicle: Squirt. LV Configuration: Squirt-3.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1964 March 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC37. Launch Vehicle: Squirt. LV Configuration: Squirt-2.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1965 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC37. Launch Vehicle: Squirt. LV Configuration: Squirt-5.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1965? - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC37. Launch Vehicle: Squirt. LV Configuration: Squirt-4.
  • Squirt MTV-4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1990 January 26 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC37. Launch Vehicle: HEDI.
  • KITE-1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1991 September 23 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC37. Launch Vehicle: HEDI. FAILURE: Failure.
  • KITE-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1992 August 26 - . 14:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC37. Launch Vehicle: HEDI.
  • KITE-2A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

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