Encyclopedia Astronautica
Woomera LA5A


Black Knight launch complex. Launch Area 5A

Longitude: 136.4740 deg.
Latitude: -30.9716 deg.
First Launch: 1958.09.07.
Last Launch: 1961.02.07.
Number: 9 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Launch Vehicles
Associated Launch Sites
  • Woomera After World War II British government recognized the need for a large range to test the incredible array of long-range missile systems then planned. After considering sites in Canada, it was decided that Australia would best meet the projected needs. The Long Range Weapons Establishment was created on 1 April 1947 as a joint British/Australian enterprise. 23 days later the name Woomera (an aboriginal word of axtlaxtl, or spear thrower) was selected for the new town to be built as its administrative center. Woomera town peaked at a population of 6,000 in the 1960's. Thereafter the progressive cancellation of British missile and space projects put Woomera went into sustained decline. However it played a key role in the history of rocketry, including orbital launches or launch attempts by Black Arrow, Sparta, and Europa boosters. More...

Woomera LA5A Chronology


1958 September 7 - . 10:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.01.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi). Summary: Black Knight missile of the United Kingdom was launched from the Australian range at Woomera to an altitude of over 300 miles..

1959 March 12 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.03.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Summary: Second British Black Knight rocket reached 350-mile altitude at Woomera, Australia..

1959 June 11 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.04.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi).

1959 June 29 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.05.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 442 km (274 mi).

1959 October 30 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.06.
  • Research and development / Reentry Test / chemical release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 732 km (454 mi).

1960 May 24 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201/C BK.08. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 563 km (349 mi).

1960 June 21 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201/C. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201/C BK.09.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 484 km (300 mi).

1960 July 25 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.07.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 531 km (329 mi).

1961 February 7 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5A. LV Family: Black Knight. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight 201. LV Configuration: Black Knight-201 BK.13.
  • Gaslight Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 687 km (426 mi).

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