Encyclopedia Astronautica
Yuma


Sounding rocket launch location known to have been used for 16 launches in 1966, reaching up to 180 kilometers altitude.

AKA: Yuma Proving Ground.
Location: Arizona.
Longitude: -114.3970 deg.
Latitude: 32.8600 deg.

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
See also
  • Martlet In 1962-1967 Canada's Gerard Bull led development of the Martlet system for gun-launched access to space. The program was cancelled before the objective of gun launch to orbit was attained. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Martlet 2 Canadian sounding rocket. The Martlet 2 series were the primary 16" gun-launched sub-orbital flight vehicles used during the High Altitude Research Program (HARP). Martlet 2's were used to conduct extensive research at altitudes of up to 180 km with some 200 flights being conducted between 1963 and 1967. The very low cost per flight, about $3,000, made it ideal for a wide variety of applications.. Typical mission payloads included chemical ejection to produce an observable atmospheric trail and assorted sensors with multi-channel telemetry. More...

Associated Launch Sites

Yuma Chronology


1958 August 19 - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Improved Honest John Special.
  • - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1966 June 14 - . 03:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-1 SHOT-04 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1966 June 14 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-2 SHOT-05 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1966 June 15 - . 04:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-3 SHOT-06 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1966 June 15 - . 06:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2C.
  • SHOT-07 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 June 15 - . 08:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-4 MCCONNELL SHOT-8 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 June 15 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-5 SHOT-09 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1966 October 14 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5001 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 October 25 - . 21:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5002 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 October 25 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5003 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1966 October 26 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2C.
  • SHOT-10 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1966 October 26 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5004 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1966 October 27 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2C.
  • SHOT-11 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1966 October 27 - . 06:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2C.
  • SHOT-12 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1966 October 27 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5005 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

1966 October 27 - . 22:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 1. LV Configuration: Lahive 15-deg Cone.
  • SHOT-14 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1966 October 28 - . 02:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2C.
  • SHOT-13 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1966 October 28 - . 04:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2C.
  • SHOT-15 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1966 October 28 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2C.
  • SHOT-16 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 November 16 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5006 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1966 November 17 - . 01:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-10 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1966 November 17 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5007 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1966 November 17 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-11 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1966 November 17 - . 03:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5008 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1966 November 17 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-12 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1966 November 17 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5009 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 November 17 - . 07:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-13 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1966 November 17 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5010 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1966 November 17 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5011 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1966 November 18 - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi). A Martlet 2C launched from the 16 inch L86 gun established the world altitude record for a sub-orbital gun-launched projectile. A Martlet 2C was fired to an altitude of 180 km with a flight time of over 400 seconds. Launched from Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona - Latitude: 32.87 N, Longitude:114.32 W.

1966 November 18 - . 20:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5012 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 01:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-14 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5013 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 02:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-15 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5014 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 04:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-16 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 04:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5015 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-17 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5016 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 08:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-18 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 08:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5017 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 09:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-19 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 09:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5018 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 11:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-20 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5019 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 13:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2. LV Configuration: Martlet 2C.
  • SHOT-29 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5020 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-21 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 02:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 5 inch. Launch Vehicle: Gun Projectile 5-inch. LV Configuration: Gun Projectile 5-inch.
  • HARP 5021 - . Nation: USA. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-22 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 05:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-23 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-24 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1967 June 13 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. Launch Complex: Yuma gun 16 inch. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Y-26 TRAIL 38 - . Nation: USA. Agency: BRL. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

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