Encyclopedia Astronautica
Black Brant X-1


Solid rocket stage. 257.50 kN (57,888 lbf) thrust. Mass 900 kg (1,984 lb).

AKA: ABL X256.
Status: Active.
Gross mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 322 kg (709 lb).
Height: 3.90 m (12.70 ft).
Diameter: 0.46 m (1.50 ft).
Thrust: 257.50 kN (57,888 lbf).
Burn time: 4.40 s.
Number: 423 .

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Associated Countries
Associated Engines
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Terrier Standard US Navy solid propellant two-stage extended-range surface-to-air missile. Developed in the 1950's, in service until replaced by the Standard ER in the 1980's. Modified Terrier missiles were used as sounding rockets, sometimes supplemented with upper stages. More...
  • Terrier Asp American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier + 1 x Asp More...
  • Terrier Asp IV American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier + 1 x Asp IV More...
  • Terrier/551 American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier + 1 x NOTS 551 More...
  • Tater American test vehicle. Three stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Talos + 1 x Terrier + 1 x Recruit More...
  • Terrier Malemute American sounding rocket. The Terrier-Malemute launch vehicle was a high performance two-stage vehicle used for payloads weighing less than 180 kg, generally used for relatively lightweight plasma physics payloads. Payload 90 kg to 650 km or 180 kg to 420 km. More...
  • Black Brant 10 Canadian sounding rocket. Three stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier + 1 x Black Brant VB or VC + 1 x Nihka. Payload 90 kg to 1,200 km or 317 kg to 550 km. More...
  • Black Brant 9 Canadian sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier Mk 70 + 1 x Black Brant VB. More...
  • Terrier Orion American two-stage, spin-stabilized sounding rocket. It used a Terrier Mk 12 Mod 1 engine for its first stage and an improved Orion motor for its second stage. The Terrier-Orion could loft payloads weighing up to 290 kilograms to altitudes up to 190 kilometers. More...
  • Terrier Oriole American sounding rocket. SPACEHAB's Astrotech Space Operations developed the Oriole sounding rocket in the late 1990s to provide launch services for commercial and scientific payloads. Oriole was both the first privately developed sounding rocket in the United States and the first new U.S. sounding rocket in 25 years. More...
  • Terrier Lynx American sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle consisting of 1 x Terrier + 1 x Lynx More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • Hercules American manufacturer of rocket engines and rockets. Hercules, Wilmington, Delaware, USA. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Solid Solid propellants have the fuel and oxidiser embedded in a rubbery matrix. They were developed to a high degree of perfection in the United States in the 1950's and 1960's. In Russia, development was slower, due to a lack of technical leadership in the area and rail handling problems. Solid propellants have the fuel and oxidiser embedded in a rubbery matrix. They were developed to a high degree of perfection in the United States in the 1950's and 1960's. In Russia, development was slower, due to a lack of technical leadership in the area and rail handling problems. More...

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