Encyclopedia Astronautica

Nitric acid/Amine propellant rocket stage. Loaded mass 5,200 kg. Thrust 89.00 kN. Nitric acid/Aniline-Furfuyrl alcohol propellants.

AKA: Corporal.
Status: Retired 1962.
Gross mass: 5,200 kg (11,400 lb).
Height: 12.00 m (39.00 ft).
Diameter: 0.76 m (2.49 ft).
Thrust: 89.00 kN (20,007 lbf).
Burn time: 63 s.
Number: 303 .

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Associated Countries
Associated Engines
  • Corporal Firestone Nitric acid/Aniline-Furfuyrl alcohol rocket engine. 89 kN. More...

Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Corporal American short range liquid-propellant ballistic missile. The first American operational guided missile, deployed 1954-1964. Replaced by the Sergeant solid-propellant missile. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
Associated Propellants
  • Nitric acid/Amine Drawing on the German World War II Wasserfall rocket, nitric acid (HNO3) became the early storable oxidiser of choice for missiles and upper stages of the 1950's. To overcome various problems with its use, it was necessary to combine the nitric acid with N2O4 and passivation compounds. These formulae were considered extremely secret at the time. By the late 1950's it was apparent that N2O4 by itself was a better oxidiser. Therefore nitric acid was almost entirely replaced by pure N2O4 in storable liquid fuel rocket engines developed after 1960. Early storable rocket systems sought to improve ignition characteristics and perforamance by eliminating the kerosene portion of the fuel. An amine is an organic compound produced when one or more hydrogen atoms of ammonia is replaced with organic groups. Mixed amine fuels were first developed by the Germans in World War II. TONKA-250, developed for the Wasserfall rocket, was used by the Russians after the war in various engines under the specification TG-02. More...

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