Encyclopedia Astronautica
IIAE Orion-1


Solid rocket stage. Mass 100 kg (220 lb).

Status: Retired 1966.
Gross mass: 100 kg (220 lb).
Unfuelled mass: 55 kg (121 lb).
Height: 3.00 m (9.80 ft).
Diameter: 0.21 m (0.68 ft).
Burn time: 12 s.
Number: 2 .

More... - Chronology...


Associated Countries
  • Argentina The Argentine Interplanetary Society was organized in the 1940's. In 1952 Argentina was one of the founding members of the International Astronautical Federation. From 1960 the Comision Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales (CNIE) worked with the Argentine Air Force's Instituto de Investigaciones Aeronauticas y Espaciales (IIAE) to develop indigenous sounding rockets and missiles. Argentina was the first country in Latin America to send an object into space using an indigenously-developed rocket. In the 1980's Argentina took part in a multinational effort to develop the Condor intermediate range missile. Under American pressure, the Condor Program was canceled in 1991, the IIAE and CNIE were dismantled, and further work on launch vehicles was banned. A new civilian space agency, CONAE was created, which concentrated on development of surveillance satellites for earth resource and environmental monitoring. More...

Associated Engines
Associated Launch Vehicles
  • Orion-1 Argentinan sounding rocket. Technology test vehicle, used to verify rocket motor and technologies for Orion-2 sounding rocket. More...
  • Orion-2 Argentinan sounding rocket. Single-stage solid-propellant sounding rocket first launched in 1965. The rocket could reach a top speed of 548 m/s. More...
  • Rigel Argentinan sounding rocket. Two stage vehicle. More...

Associated Manufacturers and Agencies
  • CONAE Argentinan agency overseeing development of rockets and spacecraft. Comision Nacional de Actividades Espaciales, Buenos Aires, Argentina. More...

Associated Propellants
  • Solid Solid propellants have the fuel and oxidiser embedded in a rubbery matrix. They were developed to a high degree of perfection in the United States in the 1950's and 1960's. In Russia, development was slower, due to a lack of technical leadership in the area and rail handling problems. Solid propellants have the fuel and oxidiser embedded in a rubbery matrix. They were developed to a high degree of perfection in the United States in the 1950's and 1960's. In Russia, development was slower, due to a lack of technical leadership in the area and rail handling problems. More...

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