Encyclopedia Astronautica
January 18


January 18 Chronology


1908 January 18 - .
  • Birth of Robert N 'Bob' Ackley - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer. Head of Atlas missile testing in the earliest part of the program Ackley, son of a violin repairman, was head of Atlas missile testing in the earliest part of the program..

1915 January 18 - .
1917 January 18 - .
  • Birth of Vasili Pavlovich Mishin - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Soviet Chief Designer, superseding Korolev, 1966-1974. Led the bureau in the flight test stages of the L1 and N1-L3 manned lunar programs, the Soyuz, and the Salyut space station. Replaced by Glushko after failures in all of these programs..

1922 January 18 - .
  • Birth of Oleg Genrikhovich Ivanovskiy - . Nation: Russia. Summary: Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer 1971-1983 of Lavochkin design bureau. Began career at Korolev's bureau, working on Sputnik and Vostok..

1927 January 18 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 2.
  • Attempt to launch Goddard large model rocket - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Summary: Goddard's large model rocket set up in tower for the first time. Rocket and turntable lifted several times in following months, but no flights were obtained with the large model..

1933 January 18 - .
1941 January 18 - .
  • Birth of Anthony Hugh Boyle - . Nation: UK; USA. Summary: British-American engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1984-1984..

1944 January 18 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-107. FAILURE: Failure.
1945 January 18 - . LV Configuration: 105Kh.
  • Soviet Union begins development of copy of the V-1 missile. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: People's Commissariat of Aviation Industry Decree 7350 'On tasking OKB-51 to develop a copy of the Fi-103 missile' was issued..

1950 January 18 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Bering Sea. Launch Pad: 50.0 N x 170.0 W. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10. LV Configuration: Aerobee RTV-N-10 A16.
  • Particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: APL. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi). Summary: Cosmic radiation research. Launched at 2317 GMT. Reached 80.5 km. Launched from from vessel ACM1 at Bering Sea Launch Site 2 (APL Aerobee/Norton Sound) - Latitude: 50.00 N, Longitude:170.00 W..

1951 January 18 - . 20:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 54. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar ultraviolet / x-ray / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi). Summary: Launched 13:14 local time. Reached 1.6 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1954 January 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1723E.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal. LV Configuration: Corporal 1464U.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1958 January 18 - .
  • Birth of Franco Ongaro - . Nation: Italy. Summary: Italian engineer payload specialist astronaut, 1990-1993..

1958 January 18 - .
  • Birth of Jeffrey Nels Williams - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-101, ISS EO-13, ISS EO-21. US Army..

1960 January 18 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury-Atlas flight test working group to become a standing coordination body. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. A proposal was made by Walter C. Williams, Associate Director of Project Mercury Operations, that the Mercury-Atlas flight test working group become an official and standing coordination body. This group brought together representation from the Space Task Group, Air Force Ballistic Missile Division, Convair Astronautics, McDonnell Aircraft Corporation, and the Atlantic Missile Range. Personnel from these organizations had met informally in the past on several occasions.

1961 January 18 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1. LV Configuration: Trailblazer 1 TB If.
  • D58 Trailblazer re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1962 January 18 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Korolev requests new Vostoks - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Vostok. Spacecraft: Vostok; Vostok-Zh; Zenit-4. Korolev has issued a letter requested eight new Vostok 3A spacecraft to be built in 1962-1963. He recommends that they should be finished as the 1100 to 1300 kg heavier 'Vostok-2', to be boosted by the 11A57 rocket, developed originally for the Zenit-4 spy satellite. These Vostok-2's will be used for docking experiments, to form EO Experimental Orbital stations, and to develop spacecraft systems for flight to the moon. The VVS fully supports these plans. One of the docking spacecraft will be piloted, the other unpiloted.

1962 January 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Zeus. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 January 18 - .
  • Soyuz expert commission - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Smirnov; Korolev; Chelomei. Flight: Soyuz 11. Spacecraft: Soyuz A; Soyuz B; Soyuz V; Raketoplan. Smirnov insisted on the following after reviewing Korolev's design: 1) there must be a space suit for every crew member; 2) the spacecraft must be able to use lift during re-entry to change its landing point; 3) the spacecraft must have ejection seats. Korolev and his assistants categorically rejected these demands. Smirnov was only insisting on the availability of suits, not that they be worn at all times; and only on small lifting surfaces to give the capsule more manoeuvrability during re-entry. But Korolev rejected even this. Later the commission went to Chelomei's bureau to see his Raketoplan manned spaceplane design. But this was not even laid out on paper yet, with the draft project not scheduled to be completed until the end of February. Chelomei has already been working on this for two years. In January 1961 he gave a presentation to the General Staff and made big promises in regard to this spacecraft - but nothing has been completed. The only spacecraft that will be realistically available in the next three to five years is Korolev's - anything else would only be purely experimental.

1963 January 18 - .
  • Contract to Bell for two Apollo lunar landing research vehicles - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV. NASA's Flight Research Center (FRC) announced the award of a $3.61 million contract to Bell Aerosystems Company of Bell Aerospace Corporation for the design and construction of two manned lunar landing research vehicles. The vehicles would be able to take off and land under their own power, reach an altitude of about 1,220 meters (4,000 feet), hover, and fly horizontally. A fan turbojet engine would supply a constant upward push of five-sixths the weight of the vehicle to simulate the one-sixth gravity of the lunar surface. Tests would be conducted at FRC.

1963 January 18 - .
  • Two aerodynamic strakes added to Apollo CM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Heat Shield; CSM LES. Two aerodynamic strakes were added to the CM to eliminate the danger of a hypersonic apex-forward trim point on reentry. (During a high-altitude launch escape system (LES) abort, the crew would undergo excessive g forces if the CM were to trim apex forward. During a low-altitude abort, there was the potential problem of the apex cover not clearing the CM. The strakes, located in the yaw plane, had a maximum span of one foot and resulted in significant weight penalties. Additional Details: Two aerodynamic strakes added to Apollo CM.

1965 January 18 - .
  • Qualification testing completed of the tanks for the Apollo service propulsion system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM SPS. Summary: General Motors' Allison Division completed qualification testing of the propellant tanks for the service propulsion system..

1965 January 18 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg.
  • Initial West Coast launch of a Thor/Altair. - . Nation: USA.

1966 January 18 - .
  • Korolev buried in Red Square - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Brezhnev; Gagarin; Titov; Nikolayev; Bykovsky; Komarov; Popovich. The urn with Korolev's ashes is placed in the Kremlin Wall by an honor guard of cosmonauts and the highest leaders of the state. Kamanin knows that the like of Korolev will not be seen again. There are dozens of Chief Designers, but none with the genius, talent, and drive of Korolev. Kamanin worries for the future in the space race with the Americans. Even in life, Korolev was never able to achieve more than one or two spaceflights per year. Now, in 1966, they are supposed to achieve four times that flight rate without him.

1966 January 18 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 2053.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.263CM.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.264CM.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 03:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150A NASA 04.90GG.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.265CM.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 11:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.266CM.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE2. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2J. LV Configuration: Thor DSV-2J 242.
  • AFP-437(AP) interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 459 km (285 mi).

1967 January 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 464.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 January 18 - . 01:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. LV Configuration: Atlas F 148F.
  • ABRES TVX-13 (21) re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1967 January 18 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3C. LV Configuration: Titan IIIC 3C-13.
  • IDCSP 2-1 - . Payload: IDCSP 8 / OPS 9321. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2645 . COSPAR: 1967-003A. Apogee: 33,829 km (21,020 mi). Perigee: 33,518 km (20,827 mi). Inclination: 8.7000 deg. Period: 1,329.50 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 2-4 - . Payload: IDCSP 11 / OPS 9324. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2651 . COSPAR: 1967-003D. Apogee: 33,873 km (21,047 mi). Perigee: 33,579 km (20,864 mi). Inclination: 8.5000 deg. Period: 1,332.10 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 2-8 - . Payload: IDCSP 15 / OPS 9328. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2655 . COSPAR: 1967-003H. Apogee: 34,224 km (21,265 mi). Perigee: 33,666 km (20,919 mi). Inclination: 8.6000 deg. Period: 1,343.10 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 2-6 - . Payload: IDCSP 13 / OPS 9326. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2653 . COSPAR: 1967-003F. Apogee: 33,995 km (21,123 mi). Perigee: 33,631 km (20,897 mi). Inclination: 11.8000 deg. Period: 1,336.50 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 2-3 - . Payload: IDCSP 10 / OPS 9323. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2650 . COSPAR: 1967-003C. Apogee: 33,843 km (21,029 mi). Perigee: 33,549 km (20,846 mi). Inclination: 8.3000 deg. Period: 1,330.70 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 2-5 - . Payload: IDCSP 12 / OPS 9325. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2652 . COSPAR: 1967-003E. Apogee: 33,935 km (21,086 mi). Perigee: 33,599 km (20,877 mi). Inclination: 8.5000 deg. Period: 1,334.20 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 2-2 - . Payload: IDCSP 9 / OPS 9322. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2649 . COSPAR: 1967-003B. Apogee: 33,830 km (21,020 mi). Perigee: 33,533 km (20,836 mi). Inclination: 8.5000 deg. Period: 1,329.90 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 2-7 - . Payload: IDCSP 14 / OPS 9327. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2654 . COSPAR: 1967-003G. Apogee: 34,127 km (21,205 mi). Perigee: 33,622 km (20,891 mi). Inclination: 8.6000 deg. Period: 1,339.50 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1968 January 18 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. LV Configuration: Athena B039.
  • USN B039 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 January 18 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3B. LV Configuration: Titan IIIB 3B-13.
  • OPS 5028 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 11 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1968-02-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 3098 . COSPAR: 1968-005A. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi). Perigee: 137 km (85 mi). Inclination: 111.5000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Summary: KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1969 January 18 - .
  • Volynov's survival celebrated - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Volynov; Babakin. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 4; Soyuz 5; Soyuz 4/5. The engineering team at Yevpatoriya celebrated Mishin's birthday and Volynov's survival after his re-entry. These were four stressful days -- aside from the Soyuz missions, Babakin was commanding the Venera 5 and 6 probes to Venus, which had been launched on 5 and 10 January.

1969 January 18 - .
  • Landing of Soyuz 5 - . Return Crew: Volynov. Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Brezhnev; Belyayev; Volynov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 5; Soyuz 4/5. After Shatalov and Yeliseyev transferred to Soyuz 4, Volynov remained behind to live through the most unbelievable re-entry in the history of spaceflight. The service module of the Soyuz failed to separate after retrofire. Once the Soyuz started reaching the tendrils of the atmosphere, the combined spacecraft sought the most aerodynamically stable position - nose forward, with the heavy descent module with its light metal entry hatch at the front, the less dense service module with its flared base to the back. Luckily the struts between the descent and service modules broke off or burned through before the hatch melted through and the descent module righted itself, with the heat shield to the rear, before being consumed. Due to a failure of the soft-landing rockets the landing was harder than usual and Volynov broke his teeth. The landing came at 7:58 GMT. Additional Details: Landing of Soyuz 5.

1970 January 18 - . 20:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKMR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1971 January 18 - .
  • Spiral controversy continues. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Kutakhov. Spacecraft: Spiral OS. Summary: Kutakhov flies to Minsk, with the draft decree to be submitted to the Military Soviet still not approved. The leadership have many questions, especially concerning the Spiral project..

1972 January 18 - .
  • Sigurd A Sjoberg named Deputy Director of Manned Spacecraft Center. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kraft. Program: Apollo. Summary: Sigurd A. Sjoberg was named Deputy Director of Manned Spacecraft Center. Sjoberg succeeded Christopher C. Kraft, Jr., who was named Director of MSC January 14..

1972 January 18 - . 02:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170. LV Configuration: Aerobee 170 CRL A04.004-6.
  • HISTAR 4 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1973 January 18 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. LV Configuration: Aerobee 200A NASA 26.01CS.
  • LPARL X-ray spectrometer Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1974 January 18 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1975 January 18 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Paiute Tomahawk CRL A10.213-1.
  • Aladdin 75 Mass Spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1975 January 18 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Paiute Tomahawk CRL A10.301-10.
  • Aladdin 75 NO / Photometry Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1976 January 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.1007UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1976 January 18 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 10. LV Configuration: Kappa 10 K-10-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1977 January 18 - . 19:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4. LV Configuration: Trident C-4 C4X-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 January 18 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • DM-2 Shuttle SRB development static firing - . Nation: USA. Summary: The second firing of a shuttle Solid Rocket Booster motor..

1978 January 18 - .
  • Second SRB firing, Thiokol - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1979 January 18 - . 15:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-11 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 23. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 1998-12-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 11240 . COSPAR: 1979-004A. Apogee: 39,973 km (24,838 mi). Perigee: 370 km (220 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 717.60 min. Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system within the Soviet Union and transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita and participating international networks (international cooperation scheme).

1980 January 18 - . 01:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur SLV-3D. LV Configuration: SLV-3D Centaur AC-49 / Centaur D-1AR 5029.
  • Fltsatcom 3 - . Mass: 1,884 kg (4,153 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Fltsatcom. Completed Operations Date: 1991-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11669 . COSPAR: 1980-004A. Apogee: 35,851 km (22,276 mi). Perigee: 35,669 km (22,163 mi). Inclination: 9.1000 deg. Period: 1,434.80 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 22 deg W in 1980-1990 As of 28 August 2001 located at 174.83 deg W drifting at 0.082 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 84.20W drifting at 0.376E degrees per day.

1980 January 18 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520. LV Configuration: S-520-1.
  • Heat Pipe Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi).

1981 January 18 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1982 January 18 - . 11:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart. LV Configuration: Loki Dart TM1-0227.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1983 January 18 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1984 January 18 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC163. LV Family: RT-23. Launch Vehicle: RT-23 15Zh52. LV Configuration: RT-23 15Zh52 15Zh52.
  • rail - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 January 18 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM 326-02.
  • Gorizont 11 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 21L. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1991-09-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 15484 . COSPAR: 1985-007A. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 11.0000 deg. Period: 1,435.90 min. Stationed at 140 deg E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 140 deg E in 1985-1987; 53 deg E in 1987-1989; 11 deg W in 1989-1991 As of 5 September 2001 located at 22.94 deg W drifting at 0.085 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 14.60W drifting at 0.040W degrees per day.

1986 January 18 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10. LV Configuration: Black Brant X NASA 35.010CE.
  • CENTAUR 2 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 676 km (420 mi).

1986 January 18 - .
1987 January 18 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1988 January 18 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • RSLP TDMaRV re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1988 January 18 - . 09:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2 341-02. FAILURE: Third stage malfunction.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Gorizont s/n 25L - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 25L. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: UNKS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gorizont. COSPAR: F880118A.

1989 January 18 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1991 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-02-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 19758 . COSPAR: 1989-003A. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1990 January 18 - . 12:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 65061-247.
  • Cosmos 2056 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 20432 . COSPAR: 1990-004A. Apogee: 804 km (499 mi). Perigee: 768 km (477 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1991 January 18 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 2122 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1993-03-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 21065 . COSPAR: 1991-005A. Apogee: 415 km (257 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Summary: Ocean surveillance..

1995 January 18 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R914.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1996 January 18 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1999 January 18 - .
  • Chinese tracking fleet upgraded - . Nation: China. Spacecraft: Shenzhou. A sixteen month overhaul of China's space tracking fleet was completed in Shanghai. The upgraded ships were capable of global tracking and control with a 400-fold increase in data transfer rates. The fleet was now ready for support of the first test launch of a Chinese manned spacecraft. To support this, for the first time three Yuanwang tracking ships would be deployed in the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic Oceans.

2002 January 18 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 02-04 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch; Onufrienko; Walz. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-4. Summary: The Expedition Four crew of the International Space Station wrapped up a busy week Friday, installing a new, more robust computer storage device and preparing for the second spacewalk of its duty tour a little more than a week after the first.. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 02-04.

2003 January 18 - .
2005 January 18 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA 2005 Chaff Test Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

2006 January 18 - . 11:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiu Peng AB. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sounding Rocket 5.
  • Space science Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Taiwan. Agency: NSPO. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

2007 January 18 - . 02:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz-U Zh15000-107 / ISS-24P.
  • Progress M-59 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 359. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Tyurin; Williams; Lopez-Alegria. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS EO-15-1. Spacecraft: Progress M. Decay Date: 2007-08-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 29714 . COSPAR: 2007-002A. Apogee: 351 km (218 mi). Perigee: 321 km (199 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Summary: Progress docked to the Pirs port of the ISS at 01:59 GMT on 20 January. The cargo craft brought up 780 kg of propellant for the Russian thrusters, 50 kg of oxygen and 1500 kg of spare parts, experiment hardware and life support components..

2008 January 18 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 01/18/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; STS-122. CDR Whitson and FE-2 Tani started out with the daily reading of SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment data accumulated during the night, for logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the SLEEP session file on the HRF-1 laptop for downlink.

    (To monitor the crewmembers' sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan and Peggy wear a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.)

    Also before breakfast, Peggy Whitson, Yuri Malenchenko and Dan Tani performed the periodic Russian biomedical routine assessments PZEh-MO-7/Calf Volume Measurement and PZEh-MO-8/Body Mass Measurement (6th for CDR & FE-1, 5th for FE-2), using the IM mass measurement device which Malenchenko afterwards broke down for stowage. (Calf measurements (left leg only) are taken with the IZOG device, a custom-sewn fabric cuff that fits over the calf, using the knee and lower foot as fixed reference pints, to provide a rough index of deconditioning in zero-G and effectiveness of countermeasures. For determining body mass in zero-G, where things are weightless but not massless, the Russian IM "scales" measure the inertial forces that arise during the oscillatory motion of a mass driven by two helical metering springs with known spring constants. By measuring the time period of each oscillation of the unknown mass (the crewmember) and comparing it to the period of a known mass, the crewmember's mass is calculated by the computer and displayed.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 01/18/08.


2009 January 18 - . 02:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta IV Heavy.
  • USA 202 - . Payload: NROL-26. Nation: USA. Agency: NRO. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Advanced Orion. USAF Sat Cat: 33490 . COSPAR: 2009-001A. Apogee: 38,077 km (23,659 mi). Perigee: 35,943 km (22,333 mi). Inclination: 3.0000 deg. Period: 1,440.00 min. Summary: Classified signals intelligence satellite. It was speculated that it was a large-antenna spacecraft with the same mission as earlier Rhyolite, Aquacade, Magnum, and Orion missions..

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