Encyclopedia Astronautica
January 19


January 19 Chronology


1840 January 19 - .
  • Discovery of Antarctica - . Nation: UK.

1896 January 19 - .
  • Birth of Smith J DeFrance - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer. Designer and director of research for wind tunnels at Langley, 1922-1940, and Ames, 1940-1965. His work in the 1950's established blunt-body shapes for re-entry vehicles..

1910 January 19 - .
1919 January 19 - .
  • Goddard resumes teaching at Clark University - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Summary: From 1919 to 1930 he resumed full-time teaching at Clark University, and could devote only spare time and summers to rocket research..

1945 January 19 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P10. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-301.
  • V-2 4301 - . Nation: Germany. Summary: Possibly correct serial number is 20 338..

1946 January 19 - .
1946 January 19 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 1 - . Crew: Woolams. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 1. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: Bell flight 1. First glide flight of AAF-NACA XS-1 rocket research airplane (No.1 of the original three X-1's built), by Jack Woolams, Bell Aircraft test pilot, at Pinecastle Army Air Base, Fla..

1954 January 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John 401M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1526T.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 January 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Sergeant 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1956 January 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1957 January 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • Nuclear test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1957 January 19 - . 01:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter A. LV Configuration: Jupiter A CC-16. FAILURE: Platform roll control malfunction at 310 sec..
  • Jupiter A - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Launched at 2037 hours EST from AMR. The flight was successful. Actual range was 61.6 nm; 400 meters left; and 0.21 nm over the intended impact point. The primary objective was to test the accuracy of the guidance system when the missile is fired in a short range trajectory at an extreme attitude to range ratio. The missile closely followed the predicted trajectory for a successful flight which terminated 70 meters beyond and 360 meters to the Left of the expected impact point at 61.553 nm range. The short range trajectory was programmed with an extreme altitude-to-range ratio so the guidance system would be subjected to the most difficult short range expected in future tactical application. Missed aimpoint by 400 m.

1958 January 19 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1959 January 19 - . LV Family: Nova; Saturn V.
  • Contract with Rocketdyne for development of the F-1 engine - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. NASA signed a definitive contract with Rocketdyne Division, NAA, for $102 million covering the design and development of a single-chamber, liquid-propellant rocket engine in the 1- to l.5-million-pound-thrust class (the F-1, to be used in the Nova superbooster concept). NASA had announced the selection of Rocketdyne on December 12.

1959 January 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: ALA3. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone 1010. FAILURE: Human error in connecting separation system..
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Missile test failure. Missed aimpoint by 1,189 m..

1960 January 19 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 AA3.124C.
  • Extreme ultraviolet monochromator Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1961 January 19 - .
  • Hughes to build Surveyor spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Surveyor. After evaluating preliminary design studies, NASA selected the Hughes Aircraft Company to build seven Surveyor spacecraft. This 750-pound, three-legged, unmanned spacecraft would carry 200 pounds of instruments, including zoom television cameras, a drill to sample the lunar soil, chemical analysis equipment, and a seismometer. The first Surveyor was scheduled to be launched in 1963.

1961 January 19 - .
  • Studies of manned lunar and interplanetary expeditions - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Source Selection. Summary: The Marshall Space Flight Center awarded contracts to the Douglas Aircraft Company and Chance Vought Corporation to study the launching of manned exploratory expeditions into lunar and interplanetary space from earth orbits..

1961 January 19 - . 12:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Iris. LV Configuration: Iris NASA 5.03GT. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1962 January 19 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook. LV Configuration: Rook Ra26.
  • Ranger 26 test - . Nation: UK. Agency: RAE. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1963 January 19 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3C.
  • McNamara requests review of the Titan III nd Gemini programs. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar; Gemini. Summary: The Secretary of Defense directed a review of the Titan III program and the Gemini program of NASA..

1964 January 19 - .
  • George M Low assigned to the position of Deputy Director of MSC - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Low, George. Program: Apollo. NASA assigned George M. Low to the position of Deputy Director of MSC. He would replace James C. Elms, who had resigned on January 17 to return to private industry. Although Low continued as Deputy Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight at NASA Headquarters until May 1, he assumed his new duties at MSC the first part of February.

1964 January 19 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D SLV-2. LV Configuration: Thor SLV-2 Agena D 384 / Agena D 2303.
  • OPS 3367A - . Payload: DAPP / OPS 3367 A. Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft: AFP-43. USAF Sat Cat: 734 . COSPAR: 1964-002B. Apogee: 810 km (500 mi). Perigee: 789 km (490 mi). Inclination: 99.0000 deg. Period: 100.90 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 3367B - . Payload: DAPP / OPS 3367 B. Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft: AFP-43. USAF Sat Cat: 735 . COSPAR: 1964-002C. Apogee: 815 km (506 mi). Perigee: 791 km (491 mi). Inclination: 99.0000 deg. Period: 100.90 min. Summary: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1965 January 19 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Built-in holds in the GLV/Gemini countdown. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: ; Gemini Fuel Cell. Summary: The study of 325 missile countdowns, 205 missile launches, as well as all Titan scrubs and holds, indicated that GLV launching would be considerably improved and a great many scrubs precluded by the addition of such holds..

1965 January 19 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor MG-18. LV Configuration: Thor MG-18 224.
  • DMSP-Block-4A F1 - . Payload: DAPP 10 / OPS 7040. Mass: 150 kg (330 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 4A. Decay Date: 1979-07-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 973 . COSPAR: 1965-003A. Apogee: 833 km (517 mi). Perigee: 462 km (287 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 97.60 min. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. Launch date was January 18, 1965. The launch was successful and correct orbit was achieved. However, the heat shield on the second stage did not deploy correctly and the mission objectives were not fully realized. This first Burner I bird is distinguishable in photos by its black second stage.

1965 January 19 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV. LV Configuration: Titan II GLV GT-2.
  • Gemini 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi). During the countdown for Gemini-Titan (GT) 2, the fuel cell hydrogen inlet valve failed to open. Efforts to correct the problem continued until it was determined that freeing the valve would delay the countdown. Work on the fuel cell ceased, and it was not activated for the flight. The fuel cell installed in spacecraft No. 2 was not a current flight design. When fuel cell design was changed in January 1964, several cells of earlier design were available. Although these cells were known to have some defects, flight testing with the reactant supply system was felt to be extremely desirable. Accordingly, it was decided to fly the entire system on GT-2, but only on a "non-interference with flight" basis. When it became clear that correcting the problem that emerged during the GT-2 countdown would cause delay, fuel cell activation for the flight was called off.

1966 January 19 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D SLV-3. LV Configuration: SLV-3 Agena D 7114 / Agena D 7114.
  • KH 7-24 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 24 / OPS 7253. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-01-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 1939 . COSPAR: 1966-002A. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi). Perigee: 138 km (85 mi). Inclination: 93.8000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. Summary: KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 3179/Agena D - . Payload: Agena Pickaback / OPS 3179. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1966-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 1940 . COSPAR: 1966-002B. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi). Perigee: 120 km (70 mi). Inclination: 93.8000 deg. Period: 87.20 min. Summary: Not identified as a subsatellite ferret by McDowell..

1967 January 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 G5.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1967 January 19 - . 12:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 138 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 43. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1967-01-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 2646 . COSPAR: 1967-004A. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1967 January 19 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AF07.655.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1968 January 19 - .
  • Gagarin and Titov visit Tereshkova in the hospital. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Gagarin; Titov; Tereshkova. Summary: In 1967, the average cosmonaut who had already flown in space spent 50 days on public relations activities and tours - a serious loss to them in terms of training for future missions..

1968 January 19 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AAF-2-108.
  • Te / ne Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1968 January 19 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 200 - . Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1973-02-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 3100 . COSPAR: 1968-006A. Apogee: 539 km (334 mi). Perigee: 518 km (321 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Summary: Possible navigation satellite..

1968 January 19 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AG07.633.
  • Atmospheric / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1969 January 19 - .
  • State Commission on Soyuz 4/5 - . Nation: USSR. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 4; Soyuz 5; Soyuz 4/5. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK; Yastreb. At 10:00 a State Commission convenes at Area 17. The mistakes made during the Soyuz 4/5 flight are reviewed. The EVA began with a closed valve on Khrunov's suit. The film camera was not activated, resulting in loss of one of the key propaganda points of the exercise.

1969 January 19 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-24.
  • Gryo-plasma probe Aeronomy / ionosphere / fields / mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1970 January 19 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 32 - . Crew: Hoag. Payload: HL-10 flight 32. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hoag. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: HL-10. Summary: Maximum Speed - 1398 kph. Maximum Altitude - 26410 m. Flight Time - 410 sec..

1970 January 19 - .
  • Soviet leadership interest in manned spaceflight has collapsed. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Belyayev; Brezhnev; Mishin; Chelomei; Popovich; Bykovsky. Program: Salyut; Almaz; Skylab. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS; Salyut 1; Soyuz 7K-S. Kamanin notes that interest of the leadership in manned spaceflight has collapsed with the end of the moon race. Brezhnev has declared that his primary interest is in earth orbital space stations. Both Mishin and Chelomei have stations in development, but the work is progressing slowly. There will be no launch of either of their projects until 1972 - which means the Soviets will be beaten by the US Skylab. Kamanin believes the Americans can never be beaten in space unless all space projects are guided firmly by a single Ministry of Defence and Civilian Space office. Meanwhile the Hong Kong flu epidemic is hitting many at the cosmodrome - Moroz, Popovich, and Bykovsky are all seriously ill.

1971 January 19 - . 19:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D. LV Configuration: Astrobee D Robin.
  • AFCRL 71-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1972 January 19 - .
  • Policy on astronaut preference kits flown on Apollo spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Summary: A directive establishing policy and procedure and assigning responsibilities governing articles to be included in astronaut preference kits flown on board Apollo spacecraft was promulgated..

1973 January 19 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Plan for storage of unassigned Saturn hardware and phaseout of Saturn V. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. MSFC began implementation of a plan for preparation and storage of unassigned Saturn hardware, phaseout of the Saturn V production capability, and amendment of the facility operations contract at the Michoud Assembly Facility for minimum surveillance of stored hardware.

1973 January 19 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-41.
  • VLF Ionosphere / active plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi).

1974 January 19 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2313. LV Configuration: Delta 2313 587/D100. FAILURE: Partial Failure. Failed to reach planned orbit.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Skynet 2A - . Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Skynet. Decay Date: 1974-01-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 7096 . COSPAR: 1974-002A. Apogee: 1,803 km (1,120 mi). Perigee: 104 km (64 mi). Inclination: 37.5000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. Summary: Partial Failure. Failed to reach planned orbit..

1974 January 19 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4. LV Configuration: Skua 4 M4SCL-7401.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA; DLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1975 January 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Svilets test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 January 19 - . 11:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Trident SFT-4 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1976 January 19 - .
  • Almaz / TKS flight tests approved. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS; Almaz OPS-2; TKS. Summary: Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 46-13 'On course of work on Almaz and the TKS' was issued..

1977 January 19 - . 15:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1978 January 19 - . 01:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1979 January 19 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES STREP-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 January 19 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-6.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1980 January 19 - .
  • Voyager 1's Discovery of Saturn Moon Janus - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Voyager.

1981 January 19 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5B. LV Configuration: Black Brant VB AED-VB-54.
  • Upper atmosphere Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

1982 January 19 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1983 January 19 - . 02:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53793-481.
  • Cosmos 1429 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 249. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13761 . COSPAR: 1983-002A. Apogee: 1,518 km (943 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Summary: Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1436 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 256. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13768 . COSPAR: 1983-002H. Apogee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Perigee: 1,399 km (869 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1431 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 251. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13763 . COSPAR: 1983-002C. Apogee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1432 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 252. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13764 . COSPAR: 1983-002D. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1433 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 253. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13765 . COSPAR: 1983-002E. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,446 km (898 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1434 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 254. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13766 . COSPAR: 1983-002F. Apogee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Perigee: 1,431 km (889 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1430 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 250. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13762 . COSPAR: 1983-002B. Apogee: 1,499 km (931 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1435 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 255. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 13767 . COSPAR: 1983-002G. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.

1983 January 19 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX SSC S36.
  • AURELD-HIGH Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 494 km (306 mi).

1984 January 19 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R518.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1986 January 19 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1988 January 19 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10. LV Configuration: Black Brant X NASA 35.017UE.
  • TOPAZ II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 926 km (575 mi).

1989 January 19 - . 15:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1990 January 19 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1991 January 19 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-W. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Israel - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1992 January 19 - .
  • Mir News 118: MOSCOW TIME - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-10; Mir LD-3. For those monitoring Radio Moscow: last night Moscow time changed. The clocks have been put 1 hour forward and the new time can be considered to be an interim time. It is called: Sunlight Saving Time and will be valid until 29 March 1992. In the night from 28 to 29 March 1992 the clock will move 1 hour forward again. 50 Moscow time is now UTC+3. (TsUP, and the cosmonauts already used UTC+3 and consequently TsUP/Mir-time is now equal to Moscow time.)

    ATTITUDE CONTROL FAILURE HAMPER IMPORTANT OPERATIONS.

    During the last weeks preparations were going on to make the return capsule ready for a safe return to Earth. This capsule on board freighter Progress-M10 on 18 January 1992 had to separate from the then undocked Progress-MIG for a safe descent. On 16 January 1992 the cosmonauts reported failure of the Attitude Control System. On 17 January 1992 experts on TsUP were still considering what to do, but they already postponed the undocking of the Progress-M10. About the planned launch of Progress-M11 on 21 January 1992 they were not sure. Krikalyav suggested TsUP to carry out both operations and he uttered some alternatives for the attitude control. Until and inclusive 18 January 1992 Progress-M10 has not been used for an orbit correction either.

    (PROGRESS-M11: The crew confirmed that Progress-M1l will not be equipped by a return-capsule. So the original plan to use such a capsule with Progress-M11 has been cancelled.

    Chris van den Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202


1993 January 19 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 2231 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 65.00 days. Decay Date: 1993-03-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 22317 . COSPAR: 1993-004A. Apogee: 342 km (212 mi). Perigee: 163 km (101 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1993 January 19 - .
1995 January 19 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 739. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 FCET-12.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 January 19 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 739. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 FCET-12.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1995 January 19 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper. LV Configuration: Peacekeeper 17PA.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 January 19 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS08 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2000 January 19 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 MSLS IFT-4.
  • MSLS IFT-4 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi). Summary: The only decoy used was the single large balloon from the previous tests. Smaller balloons originally had been planned to be a part of IFT-4, but were dropped in an attempt to simplify the test..

2000 January 19 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Payload Launch Vehicle. LV Configuration: Minuteman 2 PLV PLV.
  • IFT-4 EKV ABM test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SSDC. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi). Unsuccessful ABM test. First end-to-end system test (intercept attempt) using NMD prototype elements (except the IFICS) and range assets to approximate the objective system. The EKV was again successfully delivered by a surrogate booster and separated into the deployment basket. The failure to intercept was directly traceable to the cryogenic cooling system of the EKV, which failed to cool the IR sensors down to their operating temperatures in time because of an obstructed cooling line.

2003 January 19 - .
2006 January 19 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 551. LV Configuration: Atlas V 551 AV-010 / Star-48.
  • New Horizons - . Mass: 478 kg (1,053 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; JPL. Manufacturer: APL. Class: Outer planets. Type: Outer planets probe. Spacecraft: New Horizons. USAF Sat Cat: 28928 . COSPAR: 2006-001A. Last robotic mission to an unexplored planet in our solar system. New Horizons was due to receive a gravity boost from Jupiter in February 2007, then fly by Pluto in 2015. During launch toward Jupiter it reached a higher velocity than any manmade object, and was the first to be boosted directly to solar escape velocity. The trajectory had a perihelion of 0.98 AU, an inclination of 0.87 deg and an eccentricity of 1.03. After the Jupiter encounter it was to have a perihelion of 2.2 AU, an inclination of 2.3 deg and an eccentricity of 1.40. At encounter with Pluto on July 14, 2015, the spacecraft would be 1.1 AU above the ecliptic plane and 32.9 AU from the Sun, leaving the solar system toward the star Xi Sgr.

2007 January 19 - . 12:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.234UE.
  • JOULE II Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2007 January 19 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.064UE.
  • JOULE II Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2007 January 19 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.138UE.
  • JOULE II Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2007 January 19 - . 12:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion Improved. LV Configuration: Terrier Improved Orion NASA 41.065UE.
  • JOULE II Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2008 January 19 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 01/19/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love; Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; STS-122. Saturday -- off-duty day for CDR Whitson, FE-1 Malenchenko and FE-2 Tani except for housekeeping and voluntary work.

    CDR Whitson & FE-2 Tani started out with the daily reading of SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment data accumulated during the night, for logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the SLEEP session file on the HRF-1 laptop for downlink. (To monitor the crewmembers' sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan and Peggy wear a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 01/19/08.


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