Encyclopedia Astronautica
January 20


January 20 Chronology


1926 January 20 - . LV Family: Goddard. Launch Vehicle: Goddard 1.
  • Goddard test of liquid rocket. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Summary: The lift raised the rocket motor the full distance it could travel. Outdoor tests with a flight model were begun on March 8, 1926..

1930 January 20 - .
  • Birth of Edwin Eugene 'Buzz' Aldrin - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Gemini 12, Apollo 11. Second person on the moon..

1944 January 20 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-077.
1948 January 20 - .
  • Birth of Jerry Lynn Ross - . Nation: USA. Summary: American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-B, STS-27, STS-37, STS-55, STS-74, STS-88, STS-110. Held world record of seven spaceflights. US record of nine spacewalks..

1951 January 20 - .
1953 January 20 - .
  • Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower inaugurated president of United States - . Nation: USA.

1954 January 20 - .
1954 January 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John 216M.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 January 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • ZI test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1956 January 20 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. LV Configuration: X-17 D-4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1960 January 20 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7.
  • R-7 accepted into military service. - . Nation: USSR. Summary: Decree 'On adoption of the R-7 ICBM into armaments' was issued..

1960 January 20 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-9.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 January 20 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A. LV Configuration: R-7A I1-2.
  • R-7A I-2/Dummy L test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Suborbital aerodynamic test flight with R-7A 8K74 lower stages, dummy upper stages..

1961 January 20 - .
  • Space Task Group management discusses a follow-on Mercury program. - . Nation: USA. Program: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Space Task Group management held a Capsule Review Board meeting. The first topic on the agenda was a follow-on Mercury program. Several types of missions were considered, including long-duration, rendezvous, artificial gravity, and flight tests of advanced equipment. Major conclusion was that a follow-on program needed to be specified in greater detail.

1961 January 20 - . 20:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 1. LV Configuration: Titan I AJ-10. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1964 January 20 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 2.
  • Martin-Baltimore conducted a static test-to-failure of the spacecraft/launch vehicle interface structure. - . Nation: USA. Test results demonstrated a very satisfactory minimum structural margin of 23 percent above ultimate conditions expected to be met in the transonic buffet conditions of launch. Plans were made to hold a structures meeting in Houston on March 17-19, 1964, for final review of all load conditions, stress distribution, and margins, in readiness for the Gemini-Titan 1 mission.

1964 January 20 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: EAG-154. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3X-57.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 January 20 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II CC-2A-29.
  • Fin test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1964 January 20 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II CC-2A-30.
  • Fin test - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1965 January 20 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 777.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 January 20 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk Sandia. LV Configuration: Tomahawk Sandia 152-14.
  • Magnus Stovepipe Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1966 January 20 - .
  • Little Joe II A-004 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM Block I. Summary: Apollo Mission A-004 was successfully accomplished at White Sands Missile Range. This was the first flight test utilizing the Apollo Block I type spacecraft and the sixth and final test of the Apollo CSM development program at WSMR.. Additional Details: Little Joe II A-004.

1966 January 20 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Little Joe II. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II 5-2-2. LV Configuration: Little Joe II-5-2-2 LJII-5 (12-51-3).
  • Apollo A-004 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1967 January 20 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Apollo S-IVB stage for Saturn launch vehicle 503 exploded - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. The Saturn 503 S-IVB stage exploded and was destroyed at the Douglas Sacramento, Calif., Test Facility at 4:25 p.m. PST during a countdown. The exercise had progressed to 10 seconds before simulated launch (about 8 minutes before S-IVB ignition) when the explosion occurred. Additional Details: Apollo S-IVB stage for Saturn launch vehicle 503 exploded.

1968 January 20 - . 09:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1969 January 20 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D. LV Configuration: Proton-K/D 237-01. FAILURE: Second stage - One RD-0210 engine fails at T+510 sec, resulting in flight path deviation, automatic shutoff of launch vehicle.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Soyuz 7K-L1 s/n 13L - . Payload: Soyuz 7K-L1 s/n 13L. Mass: 5,390 kg (11,880 lb). Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Smirnov; Ustinov; Mishin. Agency: RVSN. Program: Lunar L1. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1. Decay Date: 1969-01-19 . COSPAR: F690120A. Launch failure - but the abort system again functioned perfectly, taking the capsule to a safe landing (in Mongolia!). At 501 seconds into the flight one of the four engines of the second stage shut down, and remained shut down for 25 seconds. The ever-reliable SAS abort system detected the failure, and separated the capsule from the failed booster. Yet again a successful capsule recovery after a booster failure. Additional Details: Soyuz 7K-L1 s/n 13L.

1970 January 20 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 321 - . Payload: DS-U2-MG s/n 1. Mass: 365 kg (804 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DS-U2-MG. Completed Operations Date: 1970-03-23 . Decay Date: 1970-03-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 4308 . COSPAR: 1970-006A. Apogee: 479 km (297 mi). Perigee: 272 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Summary: Studed the Earth's magnetic poles..

1971 January 20 - .
  • Mishin pushing 'Big Orbital Station'. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Chelomei; Kozlov. Program: Almaz; Salyut. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS; MKBS. Mishin is attempting to set up a separate training centre for civilian cosmonauts at the Moscow Aviation Institute. Mishin and the civilian cosmonauts come to view the TsPK premises to get ideas. This is a new attack by Mishin, in Kamanin's eyes. Mishin has been ill for a long time, but it doesn't stop him from meddling in the details of work of his deputies. Now they are working on a Big Orbital Station (BOS) for 9-12 crew. This amounts to nothing more than a new move against Chelomei. Mishin is intent on monopolising manned spaceflight at any cost. He attempts to take over any other such projects allocated to Chelomei or Kozlov.

1971 January 20 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-07 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 7. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. Decay Date: 2005-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 4849 . COSPAR: 1971-003A. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Perigee: 538 km (334 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. Summary: Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. .

1971 January 20 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois SECEDE R13.
  • PLUM Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1972 January 20 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3D. LV Configuration: Titan IIID 23D-2.
  • KH-9 no. 02 - . Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; CIA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-9. Decay Date: 1972-02-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 5769 . COSPAR: 1972-002A. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi). Perigee: 153 km (95 mi). Inclination: 97.0000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: KH-9 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 7719 - . Payload: SSF-B No. 22. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1979-04-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 5772 . COSPAR: 1972-002D. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 474 km (294 mi). Inclination: 96.0000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Summary: Radar monitoring..

1973 January 20 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M Yu149-44.
  • Cosmos 544 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-06-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 6343 . COSPAR: 1973-003A. Apogee: 535 km (332 mi). Perigee: 528 km (328 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Summary: Replaced Cosmos 460. Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 January 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC103. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M.
  • POR state trials missile launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 January 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.24US.
  • LPSP-EUV4 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 279 km (173 mi).

1976 January 20 - . Launch Site: WTR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3T.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 January 20 - . Launch Site: WTR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3T.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 January 20 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 4B. LV Configuration: Black Brant IVB GL A16.501-01.
  • VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 632 km (392 mi).

1976 January 20 - . 17:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53749-164.
  • Cosmos 789 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 8591 . COSPAR: 1976-005A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite..

1977 January 20 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 889 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1977-02-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 9735 . COSPAR: 1977-003A. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 71.4000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1977 January 20 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53719-155.
  • Cosmos 890 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Tsiklon. USAF Sat Cat: 9737 . COSPAR: 1977-004A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 975 km (605 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite..

1978 January 20 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Progress 1 - . Payload: Progress s/n 102. Mass: 7,020 kg (15,470 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Salyut 6 EO-1. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 18.73 days. Completed Operations Date: 1978-02-08 02:00:20 . Decay Date: 1978-02-08 02:00:20 . USAF Sat Cat: 10603 . COSPAR: 1978-008A. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Unmanned supply vessel to Salyut 6. Delivery of fuel, consumable materials and equipment to the Salyut 6 station. Docked with Salyut 6 on 22 Jan 1978 10:12:14 GMT. Undocked on 6 Feb 1978 05:54:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 8 Feb 1978 02:00:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.91 days. Total docked time 14.82 days.

1979 January 20 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1981 January 20 - . 04:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.62DG.
  • NRL far ultraviolet Spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1981 January 20 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1240 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 975. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 28.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-02-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 12143 . COSPAR: 1981-005A. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi). Perigee: 165 km (102 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Summary: Area survey photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1982 January 20 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1334 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-02-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 13036 . COSPAR: 1982-005A. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1983 January 20 - . 17:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1437 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 39. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 13770 . COSPAR: 1983-003A. Apogee: 604 km (375 mi). Perigee: 581 km (361 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 96.50 min.

1984 January 20 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 27 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1986 January 20 - .
  • Rich Terrile's Discovery of Uranus Moons Cordelia & Ophelia - . Nation: USA.

1987 January 20 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • SENT-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1988 January 20 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U2.
  • Progress 34 - . Payload: Progress s/n 142. Mass: 7,078 kg (15,604 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-3. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 43.36 days. Completed Operations Date: 1988-03-05 07:29:36 . Decay Date: 1988-03-05 07:29:36 . USAF Sat Cat: 18795 . COSPAR: 1988-003A. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 329 km (204 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Summary: Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Docked on 23 Jan 1988 00:09:09 GMT. Undocked on 4 Mar 1988 03:40:09 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 4 Mar 1988 07:29:30 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.21 days. Total docked time 41.15 days..

1989 January 20 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1990 January 20 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki SL-3.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1990 January 20 - .
1991 January 20 - .
  • Death of Paul F Bikle - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bikle. Summary: American engineer. Worked at Wright Field and Edwards AFB from 1940. Director NASA Edwards 1959-1971. Oversaw projects from the XB-43 through the X-15 to the NASA lifting bodies..

1991 January 20 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 20 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Dhahran - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1993 January 20 - . 02:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R842.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1994 January 20 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 738. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 FCET-10.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 January 20 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 738. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 FCET-10.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 January 20 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 738. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 FCET-10.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 January 20 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 738. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5. LV Configuration: Trident D-5 FCET-10.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 January 20 - . 09:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2M. LV Configuration: Proton-K/DM-2M 358-02.
  • Gals - . Payload: Gals s/n 11L. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Gals . USAF Sat Cat: 22963 . COSPAR: 1994-002A. Apogee: 36,121 km (22,444 mi). Perigee: 36,121 km (22,444 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,453.00 min. Direct broadcasting satellite (new generation of satellites) intended for development of the Russian television system and international cooperation. Also tested SPT-100 plasma engine. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 71 deg E in 1994-1996; 36 deg E in 1996-1999; 42 deg E in 2000. As of 5 September 2001 located at 37.30 deg E drifting at 0.121 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 67.44E drifting at 0.298E degrees per day.

1996 January 20 - .
1997 January 20 - .
  • Mir News 342: Atlantis/Mir - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir NASA-2; Mir EO-22; STS-81; Mir NASA-3. During the period in which Atlantis and Mir were linked together the American TDRS-facilities were in use for the bulk of radio communications, thus anticipating the communication procedures of the future International Space Station Alpha. The Russians used their facilities only to discuss matters regarding the Mir-complex itself. With a few exceptions the Atlantis also took care for the movements (attitude) control of the huge space combination.

    Atlantis separated from the Mir:

    Atlantis undocked from the Mir on 20.01.1997 at 02.15.44 UTC. At 0357 UTC the engines of the Atlantis gave the separation burn for the ride home. After the undocking Atlantis remained in the free drift until the distance permitted firing of steering rockets. During the 2 flights of Atlantis around the Mir-complex no images have been transmitted from Mir. These had been recorded and transmitted to Earth later that day via Altair-1. Among them good images, for instance Atlantis flying away from under a Mir solar panel and several views of Atlantis moving away with a sight of the Earth in the background.

    Soyuz-TM25: The next important operation will be the launch of Soyuz-TM25 from Baykonur on 10.02.1997 at 1409 UTC. Soyuz-TM25 will bring the 23d Main Expedition (Tsibliyev and Lazutkin) and the German astronaut Ewald to the Mir. (Stand-in crew: Musabayev, Budarin and Schlegel)

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1999 January 20 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 99-03 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Summary: The International Space Station remained operating in excellent condition this week with flight controllers in Houston and Moscow noting no mechanical problems onboard.. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 99-03.

2000 January 20 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 00-03 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight controllers continue to manage electrical power through the batteries inside the Zarya module, recharging four of the six on-board power plants. Battery # 1, which has experienced some problems and will be replaced by Shuttle astronauts later this year on the next mission to the ISS, has been recharged and is currently connected to Zarya's electrical bus while other batteries complete their recharging. Additional Details: ISS Status Report: ISS 00-03.

2003 January 20 - .
2005 January 20 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 411.
  • Cosmos 2414 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 28521 . COSPAR: 2005-002A. Apogee: 968 km (601 mi). Perigee: 908 km (564 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 103.80 min. Summary: Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 4 of constellation, replacement for Cosmos 2239?.
  • Universitetskiy - . Payload: Tatyana. Mass: 30 kg (66 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Universitetskiy. USAF Sat Cat: 28523 . COSPAR: 2005-002C. Apogee: 969 km (602 mi). Perigee: 911 km (566 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 103.80 min. Student satellite for radiation studies, ejected from Cosmos 2414. The satellite was built by students at MGU (Moskovskiy Gosudarstvenniy Universitet) for the university's 250th anniversary, and was nicknamed 'Tatyana' since the university's anniversary day is St. Tatyana's day

2006 January 20 - .
2008 January 20 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

2011 January 20 - . 12:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SLB. LV Configuration: Zenit-3SLBF.
  • Elektro-L - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Navigator bus. USAF Sat Cat: 37344 . COSPAR: 2011-001A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,285 km (21,925 mi). Inclination: 0.4000 deg. Period: 1,423.50 min. Summary: First launch of a new generation Russian geosynchronous weather satellite using the Lavochkin Navigator bus. Equipped with a scanning visible/infrared radiometer, solar environment monitor, and a COSPAS-SARSAT search-and-rescue transponder system..

2011 January 20 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC6. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta IV Heavy.
  • USA 224 - . Payload: NROL-49. Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Improved Crystal. USAF Sat Cat: 37348 . COSPAR: 2011-002A. Summary: National Reconnaissance Office satellite placed into 252 km x 1023 km x 97.9 deg polar orbit, consistent with reports that it is was an Improved CRYSTAL type (KH-11 derivative) imaging reconnaissance satellite..

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