Encyclopedia Astronautica
January 27


January 27 Chronology


1902 January 27 - .
  • Goddard multistage guns - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Summary: In an article rejected by Popular Science News, Goddard proposes staged nested cannons to achieve high velocities..

1908 January 27 - .
  • Melotte's Discovery of Jupiter Moon Pasiphae - . Nation: UK.

1940 January 27 - .
1944 January 27 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 17003. FAILURE: First Mittelwerk test flight. Failed..
1945 January 27 - . Launch Vehicle: Schmetterling; Wasserfall; X4.
  • First meeting of Arbeitstab Dornberger in Berlin - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Dornberger. The group's first priority was to evalute the prospects for rapid development of an effective surface-to-air missile to combat the incessant Allied bombing raids. It had to be beam-riding instead of optically guided, in order to be effective at night and in bad weather. The group found there was no single 'wonder weapon' that would end the war in a few months. But Kammler still believed the Reich still could hold out for six months, enough time to develop and deploy a new weapon. Dornberger's team disagreed, but they had to try nevertheless. Therefore the Schmetterling, Wasserfall, and X4 missiles went into simultaneous final development and production. But realistically none of them could be mature enough to be sent to the front until early 1946. If the Reich could hold out that long, then it was possible it could slowly win back territory.

1948 January 27 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 69 - . Crew: Hoover. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 29. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hoover. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: NACA flight 9. High-speed run to mach 0.925 at 11590 m. Cylinders 2 and 3 failed to fire..

1953 January 27 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 168R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 January 27 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC4. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. LV Configuration: Redstone RS-2.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Summary: Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 8,400 m..

1955 January 27 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike. LV Configuration: Nike 1416A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 January 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC1. Launch Pad: LC1/2?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark. LV Configuration: Snark N-69C 52-10971.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 January 27 - . 06:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun AM6.36.
  • Sphere? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1958 January 27 - . 18:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee. LV Configuration: Aerobee SM2.10.
  • Grenades / Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1959 January 27 - . LV Family: Atlas; Nova; Saturn I.
  • NASA National Space Vehicle Program - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. After consultation and discussion with DOD, NASA formulated a national space vehicle program. The central idea of the program was that a single launch vehicle should be developed for use in each series of future space missions. The launch vehicle would thus achieve a high degree of reliability, while the guidance and payload could be varied according to purpose of the mission. Four general-purpose launch vehicles were described: Vega, Centaur, Saturn, and Nova. The Nova booster stage would be powered by a cluster of four F-1 engines, the second stage by a single F-1, and the third stage would be the size of an intercontinental ballistic missile but would use liquid hydrogen as a fuel. This launch vehicle would be the first in a series that could transport a man to the lunar surface and return him safely to earth in a direct ascent mission. Four additional stages would be required in such a mission.

1959 January 27 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Daniel. Launch Vehicle: Daniel. LV Configuration: Daniel 01.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1959 January 27 - . 23:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas C. LV Configuration: Atlas C 4C.
  • Mod II re-entry vehicle research and development mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 990 km (610 mi).

1960 January 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1. LV Configuration: Polaris A1X-10.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1960 January 27 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards TL1. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1AT.
  • Silo test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1960 January 27 - . 01:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 44D.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1962 January 27 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-6 postponed at T-minus 29 minutes - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: The Mercury-Atlas 6 (MA-6) manned orbital flight was postponed at T-minus 29 minutes due to weather conditions..

1963 January 27 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11A.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 January 27 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1. LV Configuration: A-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1964 January 27 - .
  • Cosmonaut plans - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Rudenko; Volynov; Kolodin. Program: Vostok; Lunar L1. Flight: Vostok 9; Soyuz A-3. Spacecraft: Vostok. Summary: Marshall Rudenko questions Kamanin's crew assignments. He wants Volynov moved from the lead Vostok group and switched with Kolodin in the Soyuz group..

1964 January 27 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.80UE UNH64-2.
  • ISRO 20.02? E'jet Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1965 January 27 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9a Sandia 152-23.
  • Ballistic (TTR?) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1965 January 27 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.118GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1966 January 27 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 1243.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 January 27 - . 01:29 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NRL NC3.186.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1967 January 27 - .
  • 62 nations signed the Space Law Treaty - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Representatives of 62 nations signed the space law treaty, "Treaty on Principles Covering the Activities of the States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies," at separate ceremonies in Washington, London, and Moscow. The treaty, which limited military activities in space, had been agreed upon by the U.S. and U.S.S.R. December 8, 1966, and unanimously approved by the United Nations General Assembly December 19. It was to become effective when ratified by the U.S., U.S.S.R., United Kingdom, and two other countries.

1967 January 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB.
1967 January 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir. LV Configuration: Saphir VE231 G6.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 January 27 - .
  • Cosmonauts take case against Mishin to VVS high command. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Gagarin; Titov; Popovich; Belyayev; Leonov; Chelomei; Mishin; Ustinov; Afanasyev, Sergei. Program: Lunar L1; Almaz. Spacecraft: Soyuz VI; Almaz OPS. Kamanin, Gagarin, Titov, Popovich, Belyayev, and Leonov meet with Marshal Yakabovskiy. They inform him that Mishin is blocking further development of the 7K-VI military manned spacecraft and also trying to kill Chelomei's Almaz military space station. They get nowhere. The Marshal says that while he doesn't understand much about space himself, Ustinov had assured him that Mishin and Afanasyev were taking all measures necessary to correct the necessary material...

1969 January 27 - .
1969 January 27 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
1969 January 27 - . 19:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2. LV Configuration: Boosted Arcas 2 NASA 15.47GT.
  • Res Bay Eval test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1969 January 27 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Meteorological Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1970 January 27 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-29.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 357 km (221 mi).

1971 January 27 - .
  • DOS training conflicts. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Beregovoi; Leonov; Shatalov; Mishin. Program: Salyut. Spacecraft: Salyut 1; Soyuz 7KT-OK. Beregovoi, Leonov, and Shatalov go to TsKBEM to review the training plan for the DOS-7K station at the KIS (Experimental Control Station) facility. Mishin wants the crew of Soyuz s/n 32 to be working aboard the 'live' spacecraft on 3-4 February, but they need to be at the cosmodrome on those dates for training on the Svinets ICBM detector experiment. This conflicts with Mishin's schedule for availability of a 'live' Soyuz for training. Mishin still wants, completely unrealistically, to launch on the day of the 24th Party Conference.

1971 January 27 - .
  • Kamanin lists Soviet space management failures. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Ustinov; Smirnov; Keldysh; Karas. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK; LK. It is obvious to Kamanin from the ECS conference that there are many mistakes in the organization of the Soviet space program. There is no single agency directing the program, like the American NASA. There is not only no five year plan for manned spaceflight, there is not even a plan for next year! Decisions on manned space are made erratically by unqualified members of the leadership. There is no single manager of military space projects. Ustinov, Smirnov, Keldysh, and Karas at GUKOS are all pulling in different directions. Ustinov, Smirnov, and Keldysh don't give space more than 10% of their working time.

1971 January 27 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OLD FOX 04M demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 January 27 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. LV Configuration: Centaure C78/1.
  • ESRO C78 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 January 27 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.06GT.
  • MSFC RR-1 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1973 January 27 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.138IE.
  • Ferdinand 32 / Proton 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1974 January 27 - . 19:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.139IE.
  • Ferdinand 35 / Polar 3 Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA; NDRE. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1975 January 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC142/34. LV Family: Tsiklon. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Svilets test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 January 27 - .
1976 January 27 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: TT-210. LV Configuration: TT-210 TT-210-2F.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1977 January 27 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Auroral/Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1978 January 27 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-61.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: TT-500. LV Configuration: TT-500 TT-500-5F.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC SSC S23-L1.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2. LV Configuration: Petrel 2 P215K.
  • Auroral pulsations Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C S23-H.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC SSC S23-L2.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 266 km (165 mi).

1980 January 27 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. LV Configuration: Terrier Malemute NASA 29.14UE.
  • ARCS 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 433 km (269 mi).

1981 January 27 - . 14:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1242 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 28. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 12154 . COSPAR: 1981-008A. Apogee: 584 km (362 mi). Perigee: 568 km (352 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 96.20 min.

1982 January 27 - . 03:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.45UE.
  • SCEX Ionosphere active mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1983 January 27 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1438 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 11.00 days. Decay Date: 1983-02-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 13779 . COSPAR: 1983-005A. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Summary: Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1984 January 27 - . 19:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. LV Configuration: Skylark 12 DLR A-GRC-131.
  • CAESAR I Auroral mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).

1985 January 27 - .
  • Preliminary design work began on Zarya 'Super Soyuz'. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Zarya. Concept was reusable spacecraft, launched by Zenit launch vehicle, with all possible systems recovered in landing module, together with significant payload delivered to and returned from orbit. Carriage in payload bay of Buran shuttle was also a requirement.

1985 January 27 - .
1986 January 27 - . LV Family: VKS. Launch Vehicle: Tu-2000; Yakovlev MVKS.
  • Government decree orders design of a Soviet aerospaceplane - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Tu-2000; Yakovlev MVKS; VKS. Summary: In reaction to US X-30 project government decree ordered development of a Soviet equivalent..

1987 January 27 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1988 January 27 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1989 January 27 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 2. LV Configuration: Ariane 2 V28.
  • Intelsat 5A F-15 - . Mass: 1,977 kg (4,358 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Intelsat 5A. USAF Sat Cat: 19772 . COSPAR: 1989-006A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. International communications; 18 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 60 deg E in 1989-1992; 18 deg W in 1992-1996; 22 deg W in 1996-1997; 38 deg W in 1998-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 37.72 deg W drifting at 0.020 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 153.76E drifting at 4.192W degrees per day.

1990 January 27 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-20.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1993 January 27 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R843.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1996 January 27 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi. LV Configuration: Prithvi 2-1 (15).
  • Test mission - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1999 January 27 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC46. Launch Pad: SLC46. LV Family: Athena. Launch Vehicle: Athena-1. LV Configuration: Athena-1 LM-006.
  • ROCSAT-1 - . Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Taiwan. Agency: NSPO. Manufacturer: TRW. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft: ROCSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 25616 . COSPAR: 1999-002A. Apogee: 653 km (405 mi). Perigee: 606 km (376 mi). Inclination: 35.0000 deg. Taiwan's first satellite, with experimental communications, ocean imagery, and ionospheric studies instruments. The Primex OAM placed itself and the payload into an elliptical transfer orbit. A second OAM burn circularized the orbit, and ROCSAT separated into a 588 x 601 km x 35.0 deg orbit.

2000 January 27 - . 03:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC8. LV Family: Minotaur. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 1. LV Configuration: Minotaur 1 1.
  • JAWSAT - . Payload: P98-1. Mass: 64 kg (141 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Manufacturer: Weber. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: JAWSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 26061 . COSPAR: 2000-004A. Apogee: 805 km (501 mi). Perigee: 753 km (468 mi). Inclination: 100.1976 deg. Period: 100.36 min. Summary: Joint USAF Academy/Weber State Satellite. Payloads included a plasma experiment, a particle detector, and a technology test..
  • ASUSAT - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Manufacturer: Arizona. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ASUSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 26065 . COSPAR: 2000-004E. Apogee: 809 km (502 mi). Perigee: 754 km (468 mi). Inclination: 100.2009 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Summary: Arizona State University satellite with an Earth imager and an amateur radio transponder..
  • OPAL - . Payload: Orbiting Picosat Launcher. Mass: 13 kg (28 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Manufacturer: Stanford. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: OPAL. USAF Sat Cat: 26063 . COSPAR: 2000-004C. Apogee: 808 km (502 mi). Perigee: 754 km (468 mi). Inclination: 100.1991 deg. Period: 100.39 min. Stanford University Orbiting Picosat Automated Launcher. Carried an acclerometer, a magnetometer, and six small picosatellites - Picosat 1 and 2, Stensat, and the Artemis triplets (JAK, Thelma, and Louise). The first two were deployed on February 7 at 0334:16 GMT. OPAL transmitter problems delayed the initial release.
  • Falconsat - . Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFMC. Manufacturer: USAF Colorado Springs. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Falconsat. USAF Sat Cat: 26064 . COSPAR: 2000-004D. Apogee: 810 km (503 mi). Perigee: 754 km (468 mi). Inclination: 100.2003 deg. Period: 100.41 min. Summary: USAF Academy satellite, carried the CHAWS-LD (Charging Hazards and Wake Studies-Long Duration) experiment to measure spacecraft charging effects in LEO..
  • JAK - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SCREEM. Manufacturer: Santa Clara. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: JAK. USAF Sat Cat: 26093 . COSPAR: 2000-004L. Apogee: 763 km (474 mi). Perigee: 716 km (444 mi). Inclination: 100.2000 deg. Period: 99.60 min. Three picosatellites (JAK, Thelma, and Louise), developed by the Artemis team of women undergraduates at Santa Clara University, were deployed from the OPAL satellite. . JAK is the initials of the infant son of the Artemis' team's advisor Mass 0.2 kg; size around 0.1 - 0.2m. Carried a VLF wave experiment. Ejected from OPAL on February 11; unfortunately no data was received thereafter.
  • STENSAT - . Mass: 0 kg ( lb). Nation: USA. Agency: AmSat. Manufacturer: STENSAT. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STENSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 26094 . COSPAR: 2000-004M. Apogee: 783 km (486 mi). Perigee: 734 km (456 mi). Inclination: 100.2000 deg. Period: 100.00 min. Summary: Picosat. Built by built by the AMSAT-NA (Amateur Satellite, North America) group, and carried an amateur radio transponder. Ejected from OPAL on February 11; unfortunately no data was received thereafter..
  • Picosat 1 - . Mass: 0 kg ( lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Manufacturer: Aerospace. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MEMS. USAF Sat Cat: 26080 . COSPAR: 2000-004H. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 733 km (455 mi). Inclination: 100.2000 deg. Period: 100.00 min. Deployed by the OPAL satellite on February 7 at 0334:16 GMT. Picosat 1 and 2 were each 0.25 kg DARPA/Aerospace Corp. MEMS (Micro Electro-mechanical Systems) picosatellites, each carrying intersatellite communications experiment and connected by a 30-m tether.
  • Picosat 2 - . Mass: 0 kg ( lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Manufacturer: Aerospace. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MEMS. USAF Sat Cat: 26080 . COSPAR: 2000-004H. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 733 km (455 mi). Inclination: 100.2000 deg. Period: 100.00 min. Deployed by the OPAL satellite on February 7 at 0334:16 GMT. Picosat 1 and 2 were each 0.25 kg DARPA/Aerospace Corp. MEMS (Micro Electro-mechanical Systems) picosatellites, each carrying intersatellite communications experiment and connected by a 30-m tether.
  • Thelma - . Mass: 68 kg (149 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SCREEM. Manufacturer: Santa Clara. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: JAK. USAF Sat Cat: 26091 . COSPAR: 2000-004J. Apogee: 767 km (476 mi). Perigee: 723 km (449 mi). Inclination: 100.2000 deg. Period: 99.70 min. Three picosatellites (JAK, Thelma, and Louise), developed by the Artemis team of women undergraduates at Santa Clara University, were deployed from the OPAL satellite. Mass 0.5 kg; size around 0.1-0.2m. Carried a VLF wave experiment. Ejected from OPAL on February 12; unfortunately no data was received thereafter.
  • Louise - . Mass: 68 kg (149 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SCREEM. Manufacturer: Santa Clara. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: JAK. USAF Sat Cat: 26092 . COSPAR: 2000-004K. Apogee: 781 km (485 mi). Perigee: 731 km (454 mi). Inclination: 100.2000 deg. Period: 100.00 min. Three picosatellites (JAK, Thelma, and Louise), developed by the Artemis team of women undergraduates at Santa Clara University, were deployed from the OPAL satellite. Mass 0.5 kg; size around 0.1-0.2m. Carried a VLF wave experiment. Ejected from OPAL on February 12; unfortunately no data was received thereafter.
  • OCSE - . Payload: Optical Calibration Sphere. Mass: 22 kg (48 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SOR. Manufacturer: L'Garde. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: OCSE. Decay Date: 2001-03-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 26062 . COSPAR: 2000-004B. Apogee: 711 km (442 mi). Perigee: 677 km (421 mi). Inclination: 100.2240 deg. Period: 98.57 min. Optical Calibration Sphere Experiment, a 3.5m diameter inflatable sphere built by L'Garde Inc. for calibrating the lasers at the AFRL Starfire Optical Range. The 0.48m long 0.41m diameter OCSE canister was ejected from the JAWSAT stack; 42 seconds later, with the canister clear of the other payloads, the canister door opened and 10 seconds after that inflation of the sphere began. The canister remains attached to the inflated sphere. Once inflated, the sphere's material becomes rigidized

2003 January 27 - .
2004 January 27 - . 02:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. Launch Vehicle: OBV. LV Configuration: OBV 3.
  • IFT-13B [EKV Mock-up] test - . Nation: USA. Agency: OSC. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi). Launch delayed from October 2003. This system-level test of the Orbital Sciencesí boost vehicle launched the rocket carrying a simulated EKV from Kwajalein Atoll against a simulated target coming from Vandenberg AFB, Calif. IFT-13B was not an intercept attempt. Included in this test was the latest version of the GMD programís fire control software, which was being built by Northrop Grumman and which performed as expected in this test.

2006 January 27 - .
2007 January 27 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Platform: MLP. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud FMA.
  • FMA - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2008 January 27 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 01/27/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson; Williams, Dave. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1. Sunday -- off-duty day for CDR Whitson, FE-1 Malenchenko and FE-2 Tani except for housekeeping and voluntary work.

    Ahead: Week 15 of Increment 16.

    FE-2 Tani started out with the daily reading of SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment data accumulated during the night on his Actiwatch, for logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the SLEEP session file on the HRF-1 laptop for downlink.

    The crew performed the regular weekly three-hour task of thorough station cleaning. ("Uborka", usually done on Saturdays, includes removal of food waste products, cleaning of compartments with vacuum cleaner, damp cleaning of the Service Module (SM) dining table, other frequently touched surfaces and surfaces where trash is collected, as well as the CDR's sleep station with a standard cleaning solution; also, fan screens and grilles are cleaned to avoid temperature rises. Special cleaning is also done every 90 days on the HEPA (high-efficiency particulate air) bacteria filters in the Lab.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 01/27/08.


2010 January 27 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M51.
  • TN75 RV x 6 - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: R&D launch.

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