Encyclopedia Astronautica
January 28


January 28 Chronology


1912 January 28 - .
1921 January 28 - .
  • Goddard begins liquid propellant rocket research - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard. Goddard realises after three years of unsuccessful tests that the cartridge rocket concept is too complex and that a new approach is needed. Smokeless powder solid fuels were too unstable for rocket use. Therefore Goddard turned to liquid oxygen and gasoline as propellants. On this date he bought his first can of liquid oxygen from Linde Corporation in Worcester. He had to haggle for it; the liquid form was then only a by-product in the process of extracting gaseous oxygen from the atmosphere. Goddard was charged $ 10 per 2 gallon flask, the minimum Linde would sell to him.

1939 January 28 - .
  • Birth of John McCreary Fabian - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-7, STS-51-G..

1945 January 28 - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 444. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 Battery 444 leaves the Hague and sets up operations at Burgsteinfurt. - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht.

1949 January 28 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 45. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Blossom Solar x-ray / ionosphere / aeronomy / biology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA; NRL. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi). Summary: Launched 10:20 local time. Reached 60 km. Carried cosmic and solar radiation, pressure, temperature, photo experiments for Naval Research Lab..

1950 January 28 - .
  • Birth of David Carl 'Dave' Hilmers - . Nation: USA. Summary: American USMC engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-J, STS-26, STS-36, STS-42. Known as a religiously conservative astronaut; summed up many astronaut's fears of the shuttle, saying before a flight "I have no plans past MECO"..

1951 January 28 - .
  • Birth of Leonid Konstantinovich Kadenyuk - . Nation: Ukraine. Summary: Ukrainian test pilot cosmonaut, payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-87. Longest wait for a spaceflight after becoming an astronaut - 21 years. Soyuz cosmonaut 1976-1983; Spiral pilot 1983-1987; Buran pilot, 1987-1989, NASA PS, 1996..

1952 January 28 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique P6. LV Configuration: Veronique P6 P6-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1952 January 28 - . Launch Site: Le Cardonnet. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique R. LV Configuration: Veronique R R6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: LRBA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1953 January 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Honest John. LV Configuration: Honest John 86EN.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 January 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal. LV Configuration: Corporal 1360R.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1955 January 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11. LV Configuration: R-1 8A11 No 720.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 January 28 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18. LV Configuration: Thor DM-18 114. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development Series II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km ( mi). Summary: Thor IRBM successfully fired from Cape Canaveral, flew prescribed course, and impacted in preselected area..

1959 January 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island.
  • Third space balloon test. - . Nation: USA. Summary: Nike-Cajun successfully launched 12-foot-diameter test inflatable sphere to a height of 75 miles over NASA Wallops Island, the sphere inflating satisfactorily..

1959 January 28 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Beacon Test 4 Satellite test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1960 January 28 - .
  • NASA's Ten-Year Plan presented to Congress - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glennan. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. In testimony before the House Committee on Science and Astronautics, Richard E. Horner, Associate Administrator of NASA, presented NASA's ten-year plan for 1960-1970. The essential elements had been recommended by the Research Steering Committee on Manned Space Flight. NASA's Office of Program Planning and Evaluation, headed by Homer J. Stewart, formalized the ten-year plan.

    On February 19, NASA officials again presented the ten-year timetable to the House Committee. A lunar soft landing with a mobile vehicle had been added for 1965. On March 28, NASA Administrator T. Keith Glennan described the plan to the Senate Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences. He estimated the cost of the program to be more than $1 billion in Fiscal Year 1962 and at least $1.5 billion annually over the next five years, for a total cost of $12 to $15 billion. Additional Details: NASA's Ten-Year Plan presented to Congress.


1963 January 28 - .
  • Philco prime contractor for the Mission Control Center - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Summary: NASA announced the selection of the Philco Corporation as prime contractor for the Mission Control Center (MCC) at MSC. To be operational in mid-1964, MCC would link the spacecraft with ground controllers at MSC through the worldwide tracking network..

1964 January 28 - .
  • Agreement on space tracking station west of Madrid. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. The United States and Spain agreed to the construction and operation of a $1.5 million space tracking and data acquisition station about 48 kilometers (30 miles) west of Madrid, Spain. Linked with the NASA Deep Space Instrumentation Facility, the station included a 26-meter (85-foot)-diameter parabolic antenna and equipment for transmitting, receiving, recording, data handling, and communications with the spacecraft. Additional Details: Agreement on space tracking station west of Madrid..

1964 January 28 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk-9a Sandia 152-8.
  • Density Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1964 January 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. LV Configuration: Minuteman 1B 448.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 January 28 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 NASA 04.88GT.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1964 January 28 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: 37.3 N x 114.9 W. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. LV Configuration: X-15 1-44-70.
  • X-15A Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA; USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Summary: Maximum Speed - 5821 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32736 m. First test of hypersonic speed brakes..

1965 January 28 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • First major Saturn V flight component delivered - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. The first major Saturn V flight component, a 10-m (33-ft) diameter, 27,215 kg (60,000 lb corrugated tail section which would support the booster's 6,672 kilonewtons (1.5-million-lb) thrust engines, arrived at MSFC from NASA's Michoud Operations near New Orleans. The section was one of five major structural units comprising Saturn V's first stage.

1965 January 28 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.121GA.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1965 January 28 - . 12:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. LV Configuration: Blue Scout Jr 22-3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • OAR 22-3 / AFCRL-309 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 January 28 - .
  • OKB-1 Program Review - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Kamanin; Gagarin; Komarov; Mishin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft: Voskhod. Kamanin, Gagarin, Komarov, and other VVS staff attend the first program review held since Korolev's death. Mishin reviews spacecraft build status. Voskhod s/n 5 is to be shipped to Tyuratam on 1 February and launched in the first half of February. This is the spacecraft fitted for the 30-day unmanned biosat mission with dogs. Kamanin had argued with Korolev over the last year that this flight was unnecessary, but Korolev did not want to expose the cosmonauts to the risk of a long-duration spaceflight with a heavily modified spacecraft without an unmanned precursor flight. The manned flight of Voskhod s/n 6 on an 18-day mission can only begin after the landing of s/n 5, e.g. launch in the period 10-20 March.

1966 January 28 - . 17:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A. LV Configuration: Scout A S142C.
  • Transit O-7 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 1952 . COSPAR: 1966-005A. Apogee: 1,180 km (730 mi). Perigee: 850 km (520 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 105.40 min. Summary: Naval Avionics Facility-assembled production spacecraft. Failed after a few weeks operation..

1967 January 28 - .
  • Apollo 204 Review Board established to investigate the AS-204 accident - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seamans. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 204. Summary: The Apollo 204 Review Board was established by NASA's Deputy Administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr., to investigate the Apollo 204 accident that had killed the 204 prime crew January 27. The Board would report to the NASA Administrator.. Additional Details: Apollo 204 Review Board established to investigate the AS-204 accident.

1967 January 28 - . 05:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.23GE.
  • Particle fluxes Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi).

1967 January 28 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Dumont d'Urville. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. LV Configuration: Dragon D-25.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi).

1968 January 28 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Sergei Osipovich Okhapkin put in charge of the N1 at TsKBEM - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Okhapkin. Program: Lunar L3. Summary: This decision led to one of Mishin's famous 'illnesses', putting him out of action for a period..

1969 January 28 - .
1969 January 28 - . 05:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk NASA 18.25UG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1969 January 28 - . 07:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 2. LV Configuration: Black Brant II AEF-2-118.
  • N2, temperature profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1970 January 28 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1971 January 28 - .
  • Spiral negotiations continue. - . Nation: USSR. Spacecraft: Spiral OS. An article Kamanin has written on aircraft designer Ilyushin has been published in Pravda. Kamanin is impressed by a new book by Orlov on possible civilian medical applications of technology developed for spaceflight. Negotiations continue with the Military Soviet on the resolution on future manned military space projects.

1971 January 28 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.409II.
  • ISRO 10.37 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.410II.
  • ISRO 10.38 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk DLR A-NT-38.
  • MPE Barium release / Erika Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 18:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2. LV Configuration: Skylark 2 S46/2.
  • ESRO S46 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1971 January 28 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Terrier Tomahawk SECEDE R15.
  • REDWOOD (Probe F) Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 January 28 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D. LV Configuration: Astrobee D CRL A30.116-1.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1973 January 28 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4SC. LV Configuration: Lambda 4SC L-4SC-2.
  • TVC test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1974 January 28 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea-launched. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1975 January 28 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Barium cloud.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1975 January 28 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: Kosmos 2. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 705 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 75. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1975-11-20 . Decay Date: 1975-11-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 7623 . COSPAR: 1975-006A. Apogee: 502 km (311 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Summary: Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1976 January 28 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: Kosmos 3. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. LV Configuration: Kosmos 11K65M 53731-281.
  • Cosmos 791 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 105. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8607 . COSPAR: 1976-008A. Apogee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 114.80 min. Summary: Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 792 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 106. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8608 . COSPAR: 1976-008B. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,436 km (892 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 798 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 112. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8614 . COSPAR: 1976-008H. Apogee: 1,554 km (965 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 116.40 min.
  • Cosmos 793 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 107. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8609 . COSPAR: 1976-008C. Apogee: 1,490 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,418 km (881 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 794 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 108. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8610 . COSPAR: 1976-008D. Apogee: 1,493 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,452 km (902 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 796 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 110. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8612 . COSPAR: 1976-008F. Apogee: 1,516 km (941 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 795 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 109. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8611 . COSPAR: 1976-008E. Apogee: 1,498 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 797 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 111. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 8613 . COSPAR: 1976-008G. Apogee: 1,530 km (950 mi). Perigee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 116.10 min.

1977 January 28 - .
  • Simulated crew module on dock, Palmdale (STA-099) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1977 January 28 - . 00:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914. LV Configuration: Delta 2914 613/D128.
  • NATO 3B - . Mass: 701 kg (1,545 lb). Nation: NATO. Agency: NATO. Program: NATO. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: NATO 3. Completed Operations Date: 1993-07-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 9785 . COSPAR: 1977-005A. Apogee: 37,421 km (23,252 mi). Perigee: 37,079 km (23,039 mi). Inclination: 10.5000 deg. Period: 1,511.50 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 135 deg W in 1977-1979 over the Atlantic Ocean 20 deg W in 1979-1982 over the Atlantic Ocean 18 deg W in 1983-1986 over the Atlantic Ocean60 deg W in 1987-1993 As of 5 September 2001 located at 74.61 deg W drifting at 18.018 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 40.43E drifting at 18.015W degrees per day.

1977 January 28 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • OT-26 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1977 January 28 - . 22:37 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • OT-26 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1977 January 28 - . 22:37 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • OT-26 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1977 January 28 - . 22:37 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • OT-26 Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1978 January 28 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-210. LV Configuration: S-210JA-30.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1979 January 28 - . 03:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. LV Configuration: Astrobee F NASA 25.41UE. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Nitric Oxide Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1979 January 28 - . 06:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Vehicle: Aries. LV Configuration: Aries GL A24.7S2-01.
  • SPICE 1 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1980 January 28 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: TT-500. LV Configuration: TT-500 TT-500-7F.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1981 January 28 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde. LV Configuration: AN/DMQ-9.
  • - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1982 January 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: Perimetr 15A11. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km ( mi).

1983 January 28 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi).

1984 January 28 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 38 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1985 January 28 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion Sounding Rocket. LV Configuration: Orion NASA 30.23UU.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 January 28 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1728 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-02-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 16512 . COSPAR: 1986-009A. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Summary: Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 January 28 - . 16:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle. LV Configuration: Space Shuttle STS-33/51-L. FAILURE: Seal on SRB failed, allowed hot gas to burn through External Tank.. Failed Stage: 0.
  • TDRS B - . Payload: TDRS B. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: TDRS. COSPAR: F860128C. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).
  • Spartan-Halley - . Payload: Spartan-Halley. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. COSPAR: F860128B. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1987 January 28 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT119GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1987 January 28 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.16UL.
  • PACE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1988 January 28 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-18.
  • D-region Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1989 January 28 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1993 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 58.00 days. Decay Date: 1989-03-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 19774 . COSPAR: 1989-007A. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1990 January 28 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A Chaff.
  • DYANA DAC22 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1991 January 28 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 January 28 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • GBI-1 ERIS Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1991 January 28 - . 18:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. Launch Vehicle: ERIS. LV Configuration: ERIS ERIS 1.
  • ERIS Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi). During the mission the TRW team monitored a mission telephone com channel real time in Redondo Beach. Participants recall the intense, "nail biting" anxiety as they waited the approximate 30 minutes it took for the RV to reach the nominal intercept point, over the Pacific and closer to Hawaii than to Kwajalein Atoll. Launch of the Minuteman I target from Vandenberg AFB came at 1803:00.3, launch of the ERIS interceptor at 1824:24.2, and kinetic intercept over Pacific at 1832:08.2.

1992 January 28 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-21.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1993 January 28 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. LV Family: Super Chief. Launch Vehicle: HPB. LV Configuration: HPB TCMP 1B.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: OSC. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1994 January 28 - . 02:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U. LV Configuration: Soyuz 11A511U N15000-635.
  • Progress M-21 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 221. Mass: 7,130 kg (15,710 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Mir EO-15; Mir LD-4. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 54.13 days. Completed Operations Date: 1994-03-21 05:24:50 . Decay Date: 1994-03-21 05:24:50 . USAF Sat Cat: 22975 . COSPAR: 1994-005A. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Summary: Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Docked with Mir on 30 Jan 1994 03:56:13 GMT. Undocked on 23 Mar 1994 01:20:29 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 23 Mar 1994 05:13:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.23 days. Total docked time 51.89 days..

1995 January 28 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520. LV Configuration: S-520-19.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Telescopes Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi).

1997 January 28 - .
  • Mir News 343: Soyuz-TM25 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir NASA-3; Mir EO-22. This ship with the crew for the 23d Main Expedition (M.E.) to Mir, Tsibliyev and Lazutkin, and German's Mir'97 astronaut Reinhold Ewald is on schedule for launch from Baykonur on 10.02.1997 at 1408 UTC. The call signs of this crew are Sirius-1, 2 and 3. If all goes according to plan Soyuz-TM25 will dock at Mir on 12.02.1997 at abt 1553 UTC. Ewald will stay on board for 18 days and return to Earth with the relieved crew of the 22d M.E., Korzun and Kaleri. During the Mir'97 mission DLR's GSOC in Oberpfaffenhofen will be able to communicate directly with Mir via VHF-channels, but possibly also via the quasi-stationary Cosmos-2054 (Altair-1) over 16 degrees W.L. On 4 and 5.12.1996 GSOC in Oberpfaffenhofen tested communications via Altair-1 and meanwhile the intention to use this possibility during Mir'97 and future Euromir missions has been officially confirmed.

    Mir-routine: The American astronaut Linenger started with his experimental programs. He is very pleased to be on board Mir and had less problems as his countrymen during previous flights in finding things for his work. Of course he did not found all he needs, but obviously the experience of his predecessors led to improvements in that field. He emphasised

    Hij legt by zijn experimenten erg de nadruk op lichamelijke oefeningen, waarbij hij zich behoorlijk inspant. De samenwerking met zijn Russische collega's is uitstekend. Linenger is ook goed ingewerkt door zijn voorganger Blaha. Voor wat betreft zijn werkplanning en de manier, waarop de resultaten van zijn experimenten de geleerden op aarde moeten bereiken, heeft hij aan de Amerikaanse consultatieve groep op het TsUP by Moskou een aantal voorstellen gedaan.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1998 January 28 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Rothera. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • TPS12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.200UE.
  • HIBAR Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL34.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 15:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL35.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 15:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL36.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 16:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL33?.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL38.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL39.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion. LV Configuration: Terrier Orion NASA 41.031GE.
  • MacWAVE Plasma / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL41.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

2003 January 28 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki. LV Configuration: Super Loki ES03SL42.
  • MM-LFS- Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

2004 January 28 - .
2005 January 28 - .
2007 January 28 - . Launch Site: Hama-Allepo. LV Family: R-17. Launch Vehicle: R-17. LV Configuration: Scud D Long range test.
  • Long range test - . Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2008 January 28 - . 00:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M.
  • Ekspress AM-33 - . Mass: 2,579 kg (5,685 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Svyaz. Manufacturer: Reshetnev; Cannes. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Ekspress. USAF Sat Cat: 32478 . COSPAR: 2008-003A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0300 deg. Period: 1,436.12 min. Summary: Stationed at 96.5 degrees east longitude to provide Internet, video, radio, and data services for at a planned 12 year life. The satellite also was earmarked to provide mobile communications for the Russian president and other top government officials..

2010 January 28 - . 00:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz M. LV Configuration: Proton/Briz M s/n P352.
  • Raduga-1M - . Mass: 2,300 kg (5,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Chelomei. Spacecraft: Raduga-1. USAF Sat Cat: 36538 . COSPAR: 2010-002A. Apogee: 35,591 km (22,115 mi). Perigee: 35,567 km (22,100 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,425.50 min. Summary: Second new-generation Globus-M military communications satellite..

2011 January 28 - . 01:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Progress M-09M - . Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: ISS EO-26; ISS EO-25. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 88.00 days. Decay Date: 2011-04-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 37359 . COSPAR: 2011-004A. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. Summary: Undocked from the Pirs module of the ISS on 22 April at 11:41 GMT and deorbited over the Pacific on 26 April..

2011 January 28 - . 10:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9.
  • NASA 36.257UG - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi). Summary: Ultraviolet astronomy payoad..

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