Encyclopedia Astronautica
January 31


January 31 Chronology


1931 January 31 - .
  • Birth of Jay Farrar - . Nation: USA. Summary: American engineer. Member of the Atlas management team; later President of Sanders Associates..

1939 January 31 - .
  • Birth of Mary Wallace 'Wally' Funk - . Nation: USA. Summary: American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female astroauts proposed in 1961, but never entered training..

1944 January 31 - . Launch Site: Heidelager. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-109.
1945 January 31 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. LV Configuration: V-2 V-303.
1947 January 31 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 22 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 12. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft: XS-1. Summary: Bell flight 12. Buffet boundary investigation. Mach 0.7..

1950 January 31 - .
  • Truman orders development of hydrogen bomb - . Nation: USA.

1951 January 31 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-1. Launch Vehicle: R-1. LV Configuration: R-1 IIIA-2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: Korolev. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 January 31 - .
  • USAF proposes NACA participation in the Air Force effort in the manned ballistic rocket program. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury; Project 7969. Lieutenant General Donald Putt, Air Force Director of Research and Development, sent a letter to Dr. Hugh Dryden, Director of NACA, inviting NACA participation in the Air Force effort in the manned ballistic rocket program. Dr. Dryden informed the Air Force that NACA was preparing manned spacecraft designs for submission in March 1958.

1959 January 31 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Doorknob. Launch Vehicle: Doorknob 1. LV Configuration: Doorknob-1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

1960 January 31 - .
  • RCA completes study on an anti-satellite system - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: SAINT; SAINT II. Summary: Radio Corporation of America completes an ARPA-funded feasibility study on the topic..

1960 January 31 - . LV Family: Atlas; Redstone.
  • Six chimpanzees ready for Mercury missions. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Summary: Six chimpanzees were rated as being trained and ready to support Mercury-Redstone or Mercury-Atlas missions. Other chimpanzees were being shipped from Africa to enter the animal training program..

1960 January 31 - . 16:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A. LV Configuration: R-7A I1-4.
  • R-7A I-4/Dummy L test - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Suborbital aerodynamic test flight with R-7A 8K74 lower stages, dummy upper stages..

1961 January 31 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV. LV Configuration: Redstone MRLV-2.
  • Mercury MR-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi). Ham, a 37-pound chimpanzee, was aboard the spacecraft. The over-acceleration of the launch vehicle coupled with the velocity of the escape rocket caused the spacecraft to attain a higher altitude and a longer range than planned. In addition, the early depletion of the liquid oxygen caused a signal that separated the spacecraft from the launch vehicle a few seconds early. However spacecraft recovery was effected, although there were some leaks and the spacecraft was taking on water. Ham appeared to be in good physiological condition, but sometime later when he was shown the spacecraft it was visually apparent that he had no further interest in cooperating with the space flight program. Despite the over-acceleration factor, the flight was considered to be successful.

1961 January 31 - . 20:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena A. LV Configuration: Atlas Agena A 70D / Agena A 2102.
  • Samos 2 - . Payload: Samos E-1 no. 2. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Samos. Decay Date: 1973-10-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 70 . COSPAR: 1961-Alpha-1. Apogee: 557 km (346 mi). Perigee: 474 km (294 mi). Inclination: 97.4000 deg. Period: 95.00 min. Summary: First generation photo surveillance; radio relay of images; micrometeoroid impact data. Poor results..

1962 January 31 - .
  • 11 Atlas-Agenas rendezvous targets requested for Project Gemini. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Gemini; Gemini Radar. Manned Spacecraft Center notified Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama (which was responsible for managing NASA's Agena Programs) that Project Gemini required 11 Atlas-Agenas as rendezvous targets and requested Marshall to procure them. The procurement request was accompanied by an Exhibit 'A' describing proposed Gemini rendezvous techniques and defining the purpose of Project Gemini as development and demonstrating Earth-orbit rendezvous techniques as early as possible. If feasible, these techniques could provide a practical base for lunar and other deep space missions. Exhibit B to the purchase request was a Statement of Work for Atlas-Agena vehicles to be used in Project Gemini. Air Force Space Systems Division, acting as a NASA contractor, would procure the 11 vehicles required. Among the modifications needed to change the Atlas-Agena into the Agena rendezvous vehicle were: incorporation of radar and visual navigation and tracking aids; main engines capable of multiple restarts; addition of a secondary propulsion system, stabilization system, and command system; incorporation of an external rendezvous docking unit; and provision of a jettisonable aerodynamic fairing to enclose the docking unit during launch. The first rendezvous vehicle was to be delivered to the launch site in 20 months, with the remaining 10 to follow at 60-day intervals.

1963 January 31 - .
  • Smirnov opposed to dual female Vostok flight. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Smirnov; Titov. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 5; Vostok 6; Vostok 6A. Spacecraft: Vostok. Smirnov only wants to fly two, not four Vostoks this year. One male, and one female cosmonaut would be launched in a group flight. Correct approvals cannot be obtained in time for manufacture of four Vostoks until August of this year. Later Kamanin has another scene with Titov. The cosmonaut was drunk on a factory visit, and defied the militia when confronted.

1963 January 31 - . 08:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. LV Configuration: Atlas D 176D.
  • NTMP K-12 ABM test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1964 January 31 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.82UE UNH64-4.
  • ISRO 20.04? E'jet Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1965 January 31 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3. LV Configuration: Lambda 3 L-3-2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,040 km (640 mi).

1966 January 31 - .
  • Voskhod sinks from sight - . Nation: USSR. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3; Voskhod 4; Voskhod 5. Spacecraft: Voskhod. Summary: After Korolev's death, the leadership simply "forgets" about the instructions to fly a new series of Voskhods. The decrees ordering the flights are never rescinded, but the issue is not seriously raised again..

1966 January 31 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 641. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. LV Configuration: Polaris A3P-388.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 January 31 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: USSR. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 January 31 - . 11:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. LV Configuration: Molniya 8K78M U103-32.
  • Luna 9 - . Payload: E-6M s/n 13. Mass: 1,580 kg (3,480 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-6. Decay Date: 1966-02-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 1954 . COSPAR: 1966-006A. Soft landed on Moon; photographed surface for 3 days. Landed on Moon 3 February 1966 at 18:44:52 GMT, Latitude 7.08 N, Longitude 295.63 E - Oceanus Procellarum. The Luna 9 spacecraft was the first spacecraft to achieve a lunar soft landing and to transmit photographic data to Earth. Seven radio sessions, totaling 8 hours and 5 minutes, were transmitted as were three series of TV pictures. When assembled, the photographs provided a panoramic view of the nearby lunar surface. The pictures included views of nearby rocks and of the horizon 1.4 Km away from the spacecraft.

1967 January 31 - .
  • Funeral services for the Apollo 204 crewmen - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Grissom; White; Chaffee. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 204. Funeral services were held for the Apollo crewmen who died in the January 27 spacecraft 012 (Apollo 204 mission) flash fire at Cape Kennedy. All three were buried with full military honors: Virgil I. Grissom (Lt. Col., USAF), and Roger B. Chaffee (Lt. Cdr., USN), in Arlington, Va., National Cemetery; and Edward H. White II (Lt. Col., USAF), at West Point, N.Y. Memorial services had been held in Houston January 29 and 30.

1967 January 31 - .
  • Launch preparation for Apollo AS-501 to proceed as planned - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 204. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM; CSM ECS. A TWX from NASA Headquarters to MSC, MSFC, and KSC ordered checkout and launch preparation of AS-501 to proceed as planned, except that the CM would not be pressurized in an oxygen environment pending further direction. If AS-501 support, facility, or work force should conflict with the activities of the AS-204 Review Board, the Board would be given priority.

1967 January 31 - .
1967 January 31 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-22.
  • Ionosphere / solar radio frequencies mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi).

1967 January 31 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B. LV Configuration: Scout B S151C. FAILURE: Failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • OV3-05 - . Payload: OV3-05. Nation: USA. Agency: AFSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV3. Decay Date: 1967-01-21 . COSPAR: F670131A.

1967 January 31 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.275UI.
  • Electron density Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1967 January 31 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.207GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1967 January 31 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Thermosphere comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USSR. Agency: AN. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1967 January 31 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.319UM.
  • UM Pitot 25 / Rel? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1967 January 31 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.310CM.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1967 January 31 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.216GM.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1968 January 31 - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 609. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. LV Configuration: Polaris A2P-91.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 January 31 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas/Trident F. LV Configuration: Atlas F/Trident 94F.
  • RMP-B-5 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1969 January 31 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Preparations for the first N1 launch. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Mishin; Afanasyev, Sergei. Program: Lunar L3. Mishin was staying in Korolev's cottage at the launch centre. The other chief designers were staying at the cosmodrome's hotel, while the technicians and workers were at the new apartments at Area 113. Afanasyev headed the 'Little Soviet', the State Commission, that would oversee the launch. The commission met in the conference hall in the huge horizontal assembly building for the N1 at Area 112. The commission gave the approval, and the first flight-ready N1 was rolled out of its assembly building over the 4 km of track to the launch pad. The huge dimensions of the booster had required a new method of building the booster at the launch site. Simulators were able to check all of he booster functions up to the point of engine ignition.

1969 January 31 - .
  • Symbolic activities for the first Apollo moon landing - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. NASA Hq. asked Center directors for ideas for symbolic activities on the moon during the first landing to dramatize international agreements regarding exploration of the moon. Possible ideas were flying a U.N. flag with the U.S. flag on the moon; placing decal flags of the U.N. member nations on the LM descent stage; and leaving an appropriate information capsule at the landing site.

1969 January 31 - .
  • Kamanin meets with Vershinin. - . Nation: USSR. Related Persons: Vershinin; Leonov; Bykovsky; Mishin; Volynov. Program: Lunar L1; Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 5; Soyuz 4/5. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK; Soyuz 7K-L1; Spiral OS. Plans for purchase of ten Soyuz spacecraft for the VVS are discussed. They next turn to Volynov's problems during the Soyuz 5 re-entry. The fault can be attributed entirely to the modular design of the spacecraft, requiring that two modules be jettisoned before re-entry. Vershinin declares that what was needed was a true KLA space flight craft, which would be winged, set toward orbit by aircraft-type booster stages, and could be recovered at a conventional air base borne on wings or rotor blades. Additional Details: Kamanin meets with Vershinin..

1969 January 31 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150 MI. LV Configuration: Aerobee 150 MI-20 NASA 04.266DG.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1969 January 31 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.391UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1969 January 31 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AH07.891.
  • AFCRL Atmosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1969 January 31 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Cajun. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. LV Configuration: Nike Cajun NASA 10.307GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1969 January 31 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AH07.573.
  • AFCRL Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1969 January 31 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.389UA.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1969 January 31 - . 21:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.396GM.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1969 January 31 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AH07.576.
  • AFCRL Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1970 January 31 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1971 January 31 - . 13:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Keweenaw. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.373GI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1971 January 31 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V. LV Configuration: Saturn V SA-509.
  • Apollo 14 - . Call Sign: Kitty Hawk. Crew: Mitchell; Roosa; Shepard. Backup Crew: Cernan; Engle; Evans. Support Crew: Chapman; McCandless; Pogue. Payload: Apollo CSM 110 / Apollo LM 8 / ALSEP / S-IVB-509. Mass: 29,230 kg (64,440 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mitchell; Roosa; Shepard; Cernan; Engle; Evans; Chapman; McCandless; Pogue. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Flight: Apollo 14. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Duration: 9.00 days. Decay Date: 1971-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 4900 . COSPAR: 1971-008A. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 31.1200 deg. Period: 88.18 min. The Apollo 14 (AS-509) mission - manned by astronauts Alan B. Shepard, Jr., Stuart A. Roosa, and Edgar D. Mitchell - was launched from Pad A, Launch Complex 39, KSC, at 4:03 p.m. EST January 31 on a Saturn V launch vehicle. A 40-minute hold had been ordered 8 minutes before scheduled launch time because of unsatisfactory weather conditions, the first such delay in the Apollo program. Activities during earth orbit and translunar injection were similar to those of the previous lunar landing missions. However, during transposition and docking, CSM 110 Kitty Hawk had difficulty docking with LM-8 Antares. A hard dock was achieved on the sixth attempt at 9:00 p.m. EST, 1 hour 54 minutes later than planned. Other aspects of the translunar journey were normal and proceeded according to flight plan. A crew inspection of the probe and docking mechanism was televised during the coast toward the moon. The crew and ground personnel were unable to determine why the CSM and LM had failed to dock properly, but there was no indication that the systems would not work when used later in the flight.

    Apollo 14 entered lunar orbit at 1:55 a.m. EST on February 4. At 2:41 a.m. the separated S-IVB stage and instrument unit struck the lunar surface 174 kilometers southeast of the planned impact point. The Apollo 12 seismometer, left on the moon in November 1969, registered the impact and continued to record vibrations for two hours.

    After rechecking the systems in the LM, astronauts Shepard and Mitchell separated the LM from the CSM and descended to the lunar surface. The Antares landed on Fra Mauro at 4:17 a.m. EST February 5, 9 to 18 meters short of the planned landing point. The first EVA began at 9:53 a.m., after intermittent communications problems in the portable life support system had caused a 49-minute delay. The two astronauts collected a 19.5-kilogram contingency sample; deployed the TV, S-band antenna, American flag, and Solar Wind Composition experiment; photographed the LM, lunar surface, and experiments; deployed the Apollo lunar surface experiments package 152 meters west of the LM and the laser-ranging retroreflector 30 meters west of the ALSEP; and conducted an active seismic experiment, firing 13 thumper shots into the lunar surface.

    A second EVA period began at 3:11 a.m. EST February 6. The two astronauts loaded the mobile equipment transporter (MET) - used for the first time - with photographic equipment, tools, and a lunar portable magnetometer. They made a geology traverse toward the rim of Cone Crater, collecting samples on the way. On their return, they adjusted the alignment of the ALSEP central station antenna in an effort to strengthen the signal received by the Manned Space Flight Network ground stations back on earth.

    Just before reentering the LM, astronaut Shepard dropped a golf ball onto the lunar surface and on the third swing drove the ball 366 meters. The second EVA had lasted 4 hours 35 minutes, making a total EVA time for the mission of 9 hours 24 minutes. The Antares lifted off the moon with 43 kilograms of lunar samples at 1:48 p.m. EST February 6.

    Meanwhile astronaut Roosa, orbiting the moon in the CSM, took astronomy and lunar photos, including photos of the proposed Descartes landing site for Apollo 16.

    Ascent of the LM from the lunar surface, rendezvous, and docking with the CSM in orbit were performed as planned, with docking at 3:36 p.m. EST February 6. TV coverage of the rendezvous and docking maneuver was excellent. The two astronauts transferred from the LM to the CSM with samples, equipment, and film. The LM ascent stage was then jettisoned and intentionally crashed on the moon's surface at 7:46 p.m. The impact was recorded by the Apollo 12 and Apollo 14 ALSEPs.

    The spacecraft was placed on its trajectory toward earth during the 34th lunar revolution. During transearth coast, four inflight technical demonstrations of equipment and processes in zero gravity were performed.

    The CM and SM separated, the parachutes deployed, and other reentry events went as planned, and the Kitty Hawk splashed down in mid-Pacific at 4:05 p.m. EST February 9 about 7 kilometers from the recovery ship U.S.S. New Orleans. The Apollo 14 crew returned to Houston on February 12, where they remained in quarantine until February 26.

    All primary mission objectives had been met. The mission had lasted 216 hours 40 minutes and was marked by the following achievements:

    • Third manned lunar landing mission and return.
    • Use of mobile equipment transporter (MET).
    • Payload of 32,500 kilograms placed in lunar orbit.
    • Distance of 3.3 kilometers traversed on lunar surface.
    • Payload of 43.5 kilograms returned from the lunar surface.
    • Lunar surface stay time of 33 hours.
    • Lunar surface EVA of 9 hours 47 minutes.
    • Use of shortened rendezvous technique.
    • Service propulsion system orbit insertion.
    • Active seismic experiment.
    • Inflight technical demonstrations.
    • Extensive orbital science period during CSM solo operations.
  • Apollo 14 LM - . Call Sign: Antares. Payload: Apollo LM 8. Mass: 15,279 kg (33,684 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Flight: Apollo 14. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Duration: 9.00 days. Decay Date: 1971-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 4900 . COSPAR: 1971-008x. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 31.1200 deg. Period: 88.18 min.

1972 January 31 - .
1972 January 31 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Delta. Launch Vehicle: Delta L. LV Configuration: Thor Delta L 564/D87.
  • HEOS 2 - . Payload: HEOS A2. Mass: 123 kg (271 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: HEOS. Decay Date: 1974-08-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 5814 . COSPAR: 1972-005A. Apogee: 240,164 km (149,230 mi). Perigee: 405 km (251 mi). Inclination: 89.9000 deg. Period: 7,477.10 min. Summary: Highly Eccentric Orbiting Satellite; particles and fields data. Fifth satellite of ESRO. Also registered as US object 1972-05A in A/AC.105/INF.248 with orbit 7835.4 min, 439 x 248160 km x 90.2 deg, category B. .

1972 January 31 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Apache. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. LV Configuration: Nike Apache NASA 14.440UI.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 January 31 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL A07.217-1.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1972 January 31 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois. LV Configuration: Nike Iroquois CRL AT07.897.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1973 January 31 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 PVM-2.
  • Research and development / operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 January 31 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R146.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1975 January 31 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Tomahawk Sandia. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. LV Configuration: Nike Tomahawk Barium cloud.
  • Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1976 January 31 - . 06:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 5C. LV Configuration: Black Brant VC NASA 21.27UE.
  • ECHO IV Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1977 January 31 - .
  • Mockup SSME's delivered for Enterprise - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Summary: Mass simulated SSMEs on dock, Palmdale, Enterprise (OV-101).

1977 January 31 - .
  • Enterprise (OV-101) transported to Edwards AFB - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Enterprise.

1977 January 31 - .
  • Mass simulated SSMEs on dock, Palmdale, Enterprise - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Enterprise.

1978 January 31 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 987 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1978-02-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 10639 . COSPAR: 1978-013A. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Summary: High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1978 January 31 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C. LV Configuration: Black Brant 8C NASA 27.29CS.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi).

1979 January 31 - .
  • Start left-hand OMS Phase I qualification test - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1979 January 31 - .
  • Start left-hand OMS Phase I qualification test - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1979 January 31 - .
  • Mission Control Center ready for shuttle. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Summary: Mission Control Center-Houston/Goldstone ready for operational flight test early operations..

1979 January 31 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-310. LV Configuration: S-310-5.
  • Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1979 January 31 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511U.
  • Cosmos 1074 - . Payload: Soyuz T s/n 5L. Mass: 6,850 kg (15,100 lb). Nation: USSR. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Soyuz T. Duration: 60.04 days. Decay Date: 1979-04-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11259 . COSPAR: 1979-008A. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Manned precursor. Recovered April 1, 1979 10:09 GMT. Soyuz T Test.
    Maneuver Summary:
    197 km X 240 km orbit to 255 km X 297 km orbit. Delta V: 33 m/s
    255 km X 297 km orbit to 264 km X 306 km orbit. Delta V: 4 m/s
    264 km X 306 km orbit to 309 km X 321 km orbit. Delta V: 17 m/s
    309 km X 321 km orbit to 279 km X 357 km orbit. Delta V: 18 m/s
    279 km X 357 km orbit to 352 km X 402 km orbit. Delta V: 32 m/s
    352 km X 402 km orbit to 363 km X 384 km orbit. Delta V: 8 m/s
    Total Delta V: 112 m/s
    Officially: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space.

1980 January 31 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. LV Configuration: Minuteman 3 PVM-18.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1982 January 31 - . LV Family: Energia. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • Management shake-up at Yuzhnoye. - . Nation: USSR. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. Summary: Continued development problems with the Energia booster rockets led to a management shake-up at the Yuzhnoye design bureau..

1984 January 31 - . 03:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34D/Transtage. LV Configuration: Titan 34D/Transtage 34D-10 (05D-1).
  • Chalet 4 - . Payload: OPS 0441. Mass: 1,043 kg (2,299 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO; USAF. Class: Military. Type: Military naval signals reconnaisance satellite. Spacecraft: Chalet. USAF Sat Cat: 14675 . COSPAR: 1984-009A. Apogee: 1,023 km (635 mi). Perigee: 146 km (90 mi). Inclination: 29.4000 deg. Period: 96.40 min. Summary: Chalet ELINT satellite..

1984 January 31 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 39 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion DLR A-NO-125.
  • Ferdinand 70 M-T 5 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF; DLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. LV Configuration: Nike Orion MADAME 1.
  • Ferdinand 73 M-M 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1984 January 31 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A. LV Configuration: Viper 3A MAP/WINE.
  • M-F 40 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1986 January 31 - . LV Family: Energia. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • Buran project in crisis - . Nation: USSR. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. By January 1986 it was clear that the project, now three years behind schedule, had no prospect of completion due to problems in obtaining deliveries of equipment for Buran, numerous problems in assembling the orbiters and lack of manpower at Baikonur, and a general loss of management focus. Minister O D Bakhnov called a large group of industry leaders to the cosmodrome to review measures to concentrate and accelerate the remaining work. Three 'Tiger Teams' were set up. The first, led by Semenov, was to finish the flight Buran orbiter and associated facilities in time for a third quarter 1987 launch. The second, led by B I Gubanov, was to finish the Energia launch vehicle and fly it, without the Buran mock-ups if necessary, at the earliest possible date. The third group, led by S S Banin, was to complete the assembly and launch facilities.

1986 January 31 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M. LV Configuration: Kappa 9M K-9M-79.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 319 km (198 mi).

1987 January 31 - . 09:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.04UE.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1987 January 31 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: ETR Launch Area. Launch Platform: SSBN 628. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1990 January 31 - .
  • Death of Samuel C Phillips - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel. Summary: American USAF officer, talented manager who developed the B-52 and Minuteman for the Air Force, then was brought to NASA to head the Apollo program 1964-1971..

1990 January 31 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • - . Nation: USSR. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1992 January 31 - . 11:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9. LV Configuration: Black Brant IX NASA 36.096UH.
  • Colorado SXT X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1994 January 31 - .
  • Mir News 207: Progress-M21 docked to the Mir-space station - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Mir EO-15; Mir LD-4. On 30.01.94 at 0356 UTC (03 hrs 56 mins 14 secs) the freighter Progress-M21 docked to the aft (Kvant) docking port of the Mir-complex. Afanasyev did not have to use the TORU for the Progress-M21 approached and docked automatically with the system Kurs. During the pass in orb. 45452 (0520 UTC) checks of the airseal proved that all was in good order and Afanasyev opened the hatch to the freighter at 0524 UTC. During the next passes the crew reported their satisfaction about the state of the Progress-M21: all was clean and fresh and the people on earth had taken good care for the cargo.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202


1996 January 31 - . 02:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P. LV Configuration: MT-135P-R952.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1997 January 31 - . 01:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12. LV Configuration: MR-12 AGRE (D75MG).
  • Flaksus-1 (Fluxus) Plasma/Active mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN; APL. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1998 January 31 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S. Launch Vehicle: S-520. LV Configuration: S-520-22.
  • SOLAR-B XDT Solar x-ray / ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1998 January 31 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. LV Configuration: VS-30 XV-03 RONALD 2.
  • DLR AL-VS30-229 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: INPE; DLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1998 January 31 - .
2001 January 31 - .
2003 January 31 - .
2004 January 31 - .
  • Opportunity Rover Drives Onto Martian Surface - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: MER.

2007 January 31 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #07-06 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Williams; Lopez-Alegria. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-14; ISS EO-15-1. Two residents of the International Space Station stepped outside their orbital home Wednesday for a 7-hour, 55-minute spacewalk to begin the connection of recently activated cooling systems from their temporary to their permanent locations and to conduct other station assembly work. Additional Details: International Space Station Status Report #07-06.

2008 January 31 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 01/31/08 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Malenchenko; Tani; Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: ISS EO-16; ISS EO-16-1; STS-122. Light duty day today for the crew following yesterday's successful EVA.

    >>>>Today 50 years ago, the U.S. launched its first Earth satellite, Explorer 1, on a Redstone/Jupiter rocket built by the Wernher von Braun team for the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA). The satellite, developed by JPL and equipped with radiation sensors by Dr. James Van Allen, discovered the Van Allen Radiation Belts of Earth.<<<<

    FE-2 Tani started out with the daily reading of SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight) experiment data accumulated during the night, for logging and filling in questionnaire entries in the SLEEP session file on the HRF-1 laptop for downlink. (To monitor the crewmembers' sleep/wake patterns and light exposure, Dan wears a special Actiwatch device which measures the light levels encountered by him as well as his patterns of sleep and activity throughout the Expedition. The log entries are done within 15 minutes of final awakening for seven consecutive days, as part of the crew's discretionary 'job jar' task list.) Additional Details: ISS On-Orbit Status 01/31/08.


2010 January 31 - . 23:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Configuration: LV-2.
  • FTG-06 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Target.

2010 January 31 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Vehicle: OBV.
  • FTG-06 EKV - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Summary: Interceptor.

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