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Blue Streak
Blue Streak
Blue Streak
Credit: British Aerospace
British intermediate range ballistic missile. Cancelled 1960, but formed the basis for the ELDO Europa space launch vehicle in the late 1960's.

Status: Retired 1965. First Launch: 1964-06-04. Last Launch: 1965-03-21. Number: 3 . Payload: 1,360 kg (2,990 lb). Thrust: 1,222.80 kN (274,896 lbf). Gross mass: 90,000 kg (198,000 lb). Height: 18.75 m (61.51 ft). Diameter: 3.05 m (10.00 ft). Span: 3.35 m (10.99 ft). Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

Maximum range: 4,000 km (2,400 mi). Number Standard Warheads: 1. Warhead yield: 3,000 KT. Boost Propulsion: Liquid rocket, Lox/Kerosene. Initial Operational Capability: 1960.


More at: Blue Streak.

Subtopics

Europa I European orbital launch vehicle. Europe's first space launcher. The first stage was a British Blue Streak IRBM, the second stage the French Coralie, and the third stage the German Astris. All orbital launch attempts failed due to unreliability of the third stage. The project was cancelled after withdrawal of British support and replaced by the Ariane.

ELDO A European orbital launch vehicle. Three stage version of the Europa vehicle.

Europa II European orbital launch vehicle. Four stage version of the Europa vehicle, adding a P068 fourth stage.

Family: IRBM. Country: UK. Launch Sites: Woomera, Woomera LA6A. Stages: Europa-1. Agency: ELDO. Bibliography: 2.

1961 January 30 - . LV Family: Blue Streak. Launch Vehicle: Europa I.
  • Europa conference. - . Nation: Europe. Conference of 12 European nations held at Strasbourg to discuss a British and French proposal for a European satellite launcher development program..

1961 November 3 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera. LV Family: Blue Streak. Launch Vehicle: Europa I.
  • Woomera selected for Europa launches. - . Nation: Europe. Nine-nation Western European Conference in London announced decision to launch a satellite in mid-1965, using a British Blue Streak first stage, a French Veronique second stage, and a West German third stage, from the Woomera range in Australia..

1964 June 4 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. Launch Vehicle: Blue Streak.
  • Blue Streak only. Successful. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1964 October 19 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. Launch Vehicle: Blue Streak.
  • Blue Streak only. Successful. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1965 March 21 - . 23:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. Launch Vehicle: Blue Streak.
  • Blue Streak only. Successful. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

1966 May 23 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Blue Streak. Launch Vehicle: ELDO A.
  • Active first stage with dummy upper stages and satellite. and satellite. Flight terminated after 136 seconds. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1966 November 14 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Blue Streak. Launch Vehicle: ELDO A.
  • Active first stage with dummy upper stages and satellite. Flight successful. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1967 August 4 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Blue Streak. Launch Vehicle: Europa I. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Active first and second stages with dummy third stage and satellite. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1967 December 4 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Blue Streak. Launch Vehicle: Europa I. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Active first and second stages with dummy third stage and satellite. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1968 November 29 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Blue Streak. Launch Vehicle: Europa I. FAILURE: Third stage exploded.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • STV 1 / Europa F-7 - . Mass: 249 kg (548 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STV. Decay Date: 1968-11-30 . Apogee: 230 km (140 mi). First attempt by ELDO to launch a satellite to orbit. Satellite Test Vehicle payload..

1969 July 2 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Blue Streak. Launch Vehicle: Europa I. FAILURE: Third stage failed.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Europa F-8 / STV 2 - . Payload: STV 2. Mass: 249 kg (548 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STV. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1970 June 12 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Blue Streak. Launch Vehicle: Europa I. FAILURE: Payload fairing failed to separate.. Failed Stage: S.
  • Europa F-9 / STV 3 - . Mass: 249 kg (548 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STV. Decay Date: 1970-06-12 . COSPAR: F700612A. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

1971 November 5 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. Launch Pad: CECLES. LV Family: Blue Streak. Launch Vehicle: Europa II. FAILURE: Structural failure of third stage. Guidance signals were reversed.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Europa F-11 / STV 4 - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: STV 4. Decay Date: 1971-11-05 . Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).


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